Isaiah 21:11
New International Version
A prophecy against Dumah: Someone calls to me from Seir, "Watchman, what is left of the night? Watchman, what is left of the night?"

New Living Translation
This message came to me concerning Edom: Someone from Edom keeps calling to me, “Watchman, how much longer until morning? When will the night be over?”

English Standard Version
The oracle concerning Dumah. One is calling to me from Seir, “Watchman, what time of the night? Watchman, what time of the night?”

Berean Study Bible
This is an oracle concerning Dumah: One calls to me from Seir, “Watchman, what is left of the night? Watchman, what is left of the night?”

New American Standard Bible
The oracle concerning Edom. One keeps calling to me from Seir, "Watchman, how far gone is the night? Watchman, how far gone is the night?"

King James Bible
The burden of Dumah. He calleth to me out of Seir, Watchman, what of the night? Watchman, what of the night?

Christian Standard Bible
A pronouncement concerning Dumah: One calls to me from Seir, "Watchman, what is left of the night? Watchman, what is left of the night?"

Contemporary English Version
This is a message about Dumah: From the country of Seir, someone shouts to me, "Guard, how much longer before daylight?"

Good News Translation
This is a message about Edom. Someone calls to me from Edom, "Sentry, how soon will the night be over? Tell me how soon it will end."

Holman Christian Standard Bible
An oracle against Dumah: One calls to me from Seir," Watchman, what is left of the night? Watchman, what is left of the night?"

International Standard Version
A message concerning Dumah. "Someone is calling to me from Seir: 'Watchman, what is left of the night? Watchman, what is left of the night?'

NET Bible
Here is a message about Dumah: Someone calls to me from Seir, "Watchman, what is left of the night? Watchman, what is left of the night?"

New Heart English Bible
The burden of Dumah. One calls to me out of Seir, "Watchman, what of the night? Watchman, what of the night?"

GOD'S WORD® Translation
This is the divine revelation about Dumah. Someone is calling to me from Seir, "Watchman, how much of the night is left? Watchman, how much of the night is left?"

JPS Tanakh 1917
The burden of Dumah. One calleth unto me out of Seir: 'Watchman, what of the night? Watchman, what of the night?'

New American Standard 1977
The oracle concerning Edom. One keeps calling to me from Seir, “Watchman, how far gone is the night? Watchman, how far gone is the night?”

Jubilee Bible 2000
The burden of Dumah. He calls to me out of Seir, Watchman, what of this night? Watchman, what of this night?

King James 2000 Bible
The burden concerning Dumah. He calls to me from Seir, Watchman, what of the night? Watchman, what of the night?

American King James Version
The burden of Dumah. He calls to me out of Seir, Watchman, what of the night? Watchman, what of the night?

American Standard Version
The burden of Dumah. One calleth unto me out of Seir, Watchman, what of the night? Watchman, what of the night?

Brenton Septuagint Translation
Call to me out of Seir; guard ye the bulwarks.

Douay-Rheims Bible
The burden of Duma calleth to me out of Seir: Watchman, what of the eight? watchman, what of the night?

Darby Bible Translation
The burden of Dumah. He calleth to me out of Seir, Watchman, what of the night? Watchman, what of the night?

English Revised Version
The burden of Dumah. One calleth unto me out of Seir, Watchman, what of the night? Watchman, what of the night?

Webster's Bible Translation
The burden of Dumah. He calleth to me out of Seir, Watchman, what of the night? Watchman, what of the night?

World English Bible
The burden of Dumah. One calls to me out of Seir, "Watchman, what of the night? Watchman, what of the night?"

Young's Literal Translation
The burden of Dumah. Unto me is one calling from Seir 'Watchman, what of the night? Watchman, what of the night?'
Study Bible
An Oracle Concerning Edom
11This is an oracle concerning Dumah: One calls to me from Seir, “Watchman, what is left of the night? Watchman, what is left of the night?” 12The watchman replies, “Morning has come, but also the night. If you would inquire, then inquire! Come back yet again.”…
Cross References
Genesis 25:14
Mishma, Dumah, Massa,

Genesis 32:3
Jacob sent messengers ahead of him to his brother Esau in the land of Seir, the country of Edom.

Song of Solomon 3:3
I encountered the watchmen on their rounds of the city: "Have you seen the one I love?"

Isaiah 21:12
The watchman replies, "Morning has come, but also the night. If you would inquire, then inquire! Come back yet again."

Jeremiah 6:17
I appointed watchmen over you and said, 'Listen for the sound of the ram's horn.' But they answered, 'We will not listen!'

Obadiah 1:1
This is the vision of Obadiah: This is what the Lord GOD says about Edom--We have heard a message from the LORD; An envoy has been sent among the nations to say, "Rise up, and let us go to battle against her!"

Treasury of Scripture

The burden of Dumah. He calls to me out of Seir, Watchman, what of the night? Watchman, what of the night?

Dumah.

Genesis 25:14
And Mishma, and Dumah, and Massa,

1 Chronicles 1:30
Mishma, and Dumah, Massa, Hadad, and Tema,

me out

Isaiah 34:1
Come near, ye nations, to hear; and hearken, ye people: let the earth hear, and all that is therein; the world, and all things that come forth of it.

Isaiah 63:1-6
Who is this that cometh from Edom, with dyed garments from Bozrah? this that is glorious in his apparel, travelling in the greatness of his strength? I that speak in righteousness, mighty to save…

Numbers 24:18
And Edom shall be a possession, Seir also shall be a possession for his enemies; and Israel shall do valiantly.

what

Isaiah 21:6
For thus hath the Lord said unto me, Go, set a watchman, let him declare what he seeth.

Jeremiah 37:17
Then Zedekiah the king sent, and took him out: and the king asked him secretly in his house, and said, Is there any word from the LORD? And Jeremiah said, There is: for, said he, thou shalt be delivered into the hand of the king of Babylon.







Lexicon
[This is] an oracle
מַשָּׂ֖א (maś·śā)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 4853: A burden, tribute, porterage, an utterance, chiefly a, doom, singing, mental, desire

concerning Dumah:
דּוּמָ֑ה (dū·māh)
Noun - proper - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1746: Dumah -- a son of Ishmael, also a city in Judah and a name of Edom

One calls
קֹרֵ֣א (qō·rê)
Verb - Qal - Participle - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 7121: To call, proclaim, read

to me
אֵלַי֙ (’ê·lay)
Preposition | first person common singular
Strong's Hebrew 413: Near, with, among, to

from Seir,
מִשֵּׂעִ֔יר (miś·śê·‘îr)
Preposition-m | Noun - proper - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 8165: Seir -- a mountain range in Edom, also its inhabitants, also a mountain in Judah

“Watchman,
שֹׁמֵר֙ (šō·mêr)
Verb - Qal - Participle - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 8104: To hedge about, guard, to protect, attend to

what is left
מַה־ (mah-)
Interrogative
Strong's Hebrew 4100: What?, what!, indefinitely what

of the night?
מִלַּ֔יְלָה (mil·lay·lāh)
Preposition-m | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3915: A twist, night, adversity

Watchman,
שֹׁמֵ֖ר (šō·mêr)
Verb - Qal - Participle - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 8104: To hedge about, guard, to protect, attend to

what is left
מַה־ (mah-)
Interrogative
Strong's Hebrew 4100: What?, what!, indefinitely what

of the night?”
מִלֵּֽיל׃ (mil·lêl)
Preposition-m | Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 3915: A twist, night, adversity
(11) The burden of Dumah.--Several places of the name are mentioned in the Old Testament (Genesis 25:14; Joshua 15:52), but these are not in the direction of Seir. Probably here, as in Isaiah 21:1 and Isaiah 22:1, we have a mystical prophetic name, Edom being altered to Dumah, i.e., "silence," as in Psalm 94:17; Psalm 115:17, the silence of the grave. In this case, as in the preceding, there is first the oppressive silence of expectancy, and then of desolation.

He calleth . . . out of Seir . . .--The subject is indefinite: one calleth. The watchman hears the silence of the night broken by a voice from Seir. It is probable that the prophet had actually been consulted by the Edomites, and that this is his answer to their enquiries. The cry is, "Watchman, what part of the night?" In the weary night of calamity the sufferer desires to know what hour it is, how much of the darkness still remains to be lived through. The answer is mysterious and ill-boding. There is a "morning" coming, a time of light and hope, but the day which is so opened closes too quickly in the blackness of night (Amos 5:18). The words sum up the whole future of Edom, subject as it was to one conqueror after another, rising now and then, as under Herod and the Romans, and then sinking to its present desolation.

Verses 11, 12. - THE BURDEN OF DUMAH. This short "burden" is probably to be understood as uttered with reference to Edom, which the prophet prefers to call "Dumah," i.e. "silence," in reference to the desolation which he sees to be coming upon the country. Such a play upon words is very usual in the East. Isaiah has already given an instance of it in the name under which he has designated Heliopolis (Isaiah 19:18). Verse 11. - Dumah. There were at least two towns of this name ('Dict. of the Bible,' vol. 1. pp. 459, 460); but neither of them is in the district of Seir. It is best, therefore, to regard "Dumah" here as representing Edom, or Iaumaea (so the LXX., Jarchi, Rosenmüller, Kay, Cheyne, and others). He calleth to me; rather, one calleth to me; i.e. I seem to hear a call from Mount Seir, as of one making inquiry of me. There is no need to suppose that the inquiry was actually made. Mount Self, or the district south-south-east of the Dead Sea, was the heart of the Idumaean country, which thence extended vaguely eastward and westward. What of the night? i.e. what hour, or, rather, perhaps, what watch of the night is it? May we consider that "the night is far spent, and the day at hand? Edom had offended Sargon by joining with Ashdod (G. Smith, 'Eponym Canon,' p. 130), and was probably at tiffs time oppressed by Sargon in consequence. 21:11,12 God's prophets and ministers are as watchmen in the city in a time of peace, to see that all is safe. As watchmen in the camp in time of war, to warn of the motions of the enemy. After a long sleep in sin and security, it is time to rise, to awake out of sleep. We have a great deal of work to do, a long journey to go; it is time to be stirring. After a long dark night is there any hope of the day dawning? What tidings of the night? What happens to-night? We must never be secure. But many make curious inquiries of the watchmen. They would willingly have nice questions solved, or difficult prophecies interpreted; but they do not seek into the state of their own souls, about the way of salvation, and the path of duty. The watchman answers by way of prophecy. There comes first a morning of light, and peace, and opportunity; but afterward comes a night of trouble and calamity. If there be a morning of youth and health, there will come a night of sickness and old age; if a morning of prosperity in the family, in the public, yet we must look for changes. It is our wisdom to improve the present morning, in preparation for the night that is coming after it. Inquire, return, come. We are urged to do it quickly, for there is no time to trifle. Those that return and come to God, will find they have a great deal of work to do, and but little time to do it in.
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Alphabetical: An calling calls concerning Dumah Edom far from gone how is keeps left me night of One oracle Seir Someone the to Watchman what

OT Prophets: Isaiah 21:11 The burden of Dumah (Isa Isi Is) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools
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