Job 28:2
New International Version
Iron is taken from the earth, and copper is smelted from ore.

New Living Translation
They know where to dig iron from the earth and how to smelt copper from rock.

English Standard Version
Iron is taken out of the earth, and copper is smelted from the ore.

Berean Study Bible
Iron is taken from the earth, and copper is smelted from ore.

King James Bible
Iron is taken out of the earth, and brass is molten out of the stone.

New King James Version
Iron is taken from the earth, And copper is smelted from ore.

New American Standard Bible
“Iron is taken from the dust, And copper is smelted from rock.

NASB 1995
“Iron is taken from the dust, And copper is smelted from rock.

NASB 1977
“Iron is taken from the dust, And from rock copper is smelted.

Amplified Bible
“Iron is taken out of the earth, And copper is smelted from the stone ore.

Christian Standard Bible
Iron is taken from the ground, and copper is smelted from ore.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Iron is taken from the ground, and copper is smelted from ore.

American Standard Version
Iron is taken out of the earth, And copper is molten out of the stone.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
And iron is melted from the dust, and from the rocks copper is melted

Brenton Septuagint Translation
For iron comes out of the earth, and brass is hewn out like stone.

Contemporary English Version
the same is done with iron and copper.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Iron is taken out of the earth, and stone melted with heat is turned into brass.

English Revised Version
Iron is taken out of the earth, and brass is molten out of the stone.

Good News Translation
We dig iron out of the ground And melt copper out of the stones.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Iron is taken from the ground, and rocks are melted for [their] copper.

International Standard Version
Iron is taken from the ground; and copper is smelted from ore.

JPS Tanakh 1917
Iron is taken out of the dust, And brass is molten out of the stone.

Literal Standard Version
Iron is taken from the dust, And bronze [from] the firm stone.

NET Bible
Iron is taken from the ground, and rock is poured out as copper.

New Heart English Bible
Iron is taken out of the earth, and copper is smelted out of the ore.

World English Bible
Iron is taken out of the earth, and copper is smelted out of the ore.

Young's Literal Translation
Iron from the dust is taken, And from the firm stone brass.

Additional Translations ...
Context
Where Can Wisdom Be Found?
1“Surely there is a mine for silver and a place where gold is refined. 2Iron is taken from the earth, and copper is smelted from ore. 3Man puts an end to the darkness; he probes the farthest recesses for ore in deepest darkness.…

Cross References
Job 28:1
"Surely there is a mine for silver and a place where gold is refined.

Job 28:3
Man puts an end to the darkness; he probes the farthest recesses for ore in deepest darkness.


Treasury of Scripture

Iron is taken out of the earth, and brass is molten out of the stone.

Iron

Genesis 4:22
And Zillah, she also bare Tubalcain, an instructer of every artificer in brass and iron: and the sister of Tubalcain was Naamah.

Numbers 31:22
Only the gold, and the silver, the brass, the iron, the tin, and the lead,

Deuteronomy 8:9
A land wherein thou shalt eat bread without scarceness, thou shalt not lack any thing in it; a land whose stones are iron, and out of whose hills thou mayest dig brass.

earth.









Verse 2. - Iron is taken out of the earth (see the comment on Job 20:24). Iron was found in the hills of Palestine (Deuteronomy 8:9), in the trans-Jordanic region (Josephus, 'Bell. Jud,' 4:8. § 2), in the sandstone of the Lebanon ('Hist. of Phoenicia,' p. 47), and in Egypt ('Hist. of Ancient Egypt,' vol. 1. p. 93), probably also in many other places. It is scarcely ever found except in the shape of iron ore, and so has to be "taken out of the earth." And brass is molten out of the stone. By "brass" we must understand copper, since the amalgam brass is never found in a natural state. Copper was yielded abundantly in very early times by the mines which the Egyptians worked in the Sinaitic peninsula ('Hist. of Ancient Egypt,' vol. 1. pp. 93, 94). It was also obtainable from Palestine (Deuteronomy 8:9), Cyprus ('Hist. of Phoenicia,' p. 311), and Armenia (Ezekiel 27:13). Sometimes it is found pure, but generally in the shape of copper ore, which has to be "molten" for the pure metal to run off.

Parallel Commentaries ...


Hebrew
Iron
בַּ֭רְזֶל (bar·zel)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's 1270: Iron, an iron implement

is taken
יֻקָּ֑ח (yuq·qāḥ)
Verb - QalPass - Imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's 3947: To take

from the earth,
מֵעָפָ֣ר (mê·‘ā·p̄ār)
Preposition-m | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's 6083: Dust, clay, earth, mud

and copper
נְחוּשָֽׁה׃ (nə·ḥū·šāh)
Noun - feminine singular
Strong's 5154: Copper, bronze

is smelted
יָצ֥וּק (yā·ṣūq)
Verb - Qal - Imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's 6694: To pour out, smelt, utter

from ore.
וְ֝אֶ֗בֶן (wə·’e·ḇen)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - feminine singular
Strong's 68: A stone


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OT Poetry: Job 28:2 Iron is taken out of the earth (Jb)
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