Judges 11:30
New International Version
And Jephthah made a vow to the LORD: "If you give the Ammonites into my hands,

New Living Translation
And Jephthah made a vow to the LORD. He said, “If you give me victory over the Ammonites,

English Standard Version
And Jephthah made a vow to the LORD and said, “If you will give the Ammonites into my hand,

Berean Study Bible
Jephthah made this vow to the LORD: “If indeed You will deliver the Ammonites into my hands,

New American Standard Bible
Jephthah made a vow to the LORD and said, "If You will indeed give the sons of Ammon into my hand,

New King James Version
And Jephthah made a vow to the LORD, and said, “If You will indeed deliver the people of Ammon into my hands,

King James Bible
And Jephthah vowed a vow unto the LORD, and said, If thou shalt without fail deliver the children of Ammon into mine hands,

Christian Standard Bible
Jephthah made this vow to the LORD: "If you in fact hand over the Ammonites to me,

Contemporary English Version
he promised the LORD, "If you will let me defeat the Ammonites

Good News Translation
Jephthah promised the LORD: "If you will give me victory over the Ammonites,

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Jephthah made this vow to the LORD: "If You will hand over the Ammonites to me,

International Standard Version
Jephthah made this solemn vow to the LORD: "If you truly give the Ammonites into my control,

NET Bible
Jephthah made a vow to the LORD, saying, "If you really do hand the Ammonites over to me,

New Heart English Bible
Jephthah made a vow to the LORD, and said, "If you will indeed deliver the children of Ammon into my hand,

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Jephthah made a vow to the LORD. He said, "If you will really hand Ammon over to me,

JPS Tanakh 1917
And Jephthah vowed a vow unto the LORD, and said: 'If Thou wilt indeed deliver the children of Ammon into my hand,

New American Standard 1977
And Jephthah made a vow to the LORD and said, “If Thou wilt indeed give the sons of Ammon into my hand,

Jubilee Bible 2000
And Jephthah vowed a vow unto the LORD and said, If thou shalt without fail deliver the sons of Ammon into my hands,

King James 2000 Bible
And Jephthah vowed a vow unto the LORD, and said, If you shall without fail deliver the children of Ammon into my hands,

American King James Version
And Jephthah vowed a vow to the LORD, and said, If you shall without fail deliver the children of Ammon into my hands,

American Standard Version
And Jephthah vowed a vow unto Jehovah, and said, If thou wilt indeed deliver the children of Ammon into my hand,

Brenton Septuagint Translation
And Jephthae vowed a vow to the Lord, and said, If thou wilt indeed deliver the children of Ammon into my hand,

Douay-Rheims Bible
He made a vow to the Lord, saying: If thou wilt deliver the children of Ammon into my hands,

Darby Bible Translation
And Jephthah vowed a vow to Jehovah, and said, If thou wilt without fail give the children of Ammon into my hand,

English Revised Version
And Jephthah vowed a vow unto the LORD, and said, If thou wilt indeed deliver the children of Ammon into mine hand,

Webster's Bible Translation
And Jephthah vowed a vow to the LORD, and said, If thou shalt without fail deliver the children of Ammon into my hands,

World English Bible
Jephthah vowed a vow to Yahweh, and said, "If you will indeed deliver the children of Ammon into my hand,

Young's Literal Translation
And Jephthah voweth a vow to Jehovah, and saith, 'If Thou dost at all give the Bene-Ammon into my hand --
Study Bible
Jephthah's Tragic Vow
29Then the Spirit of the LORD came upon Jephthah, and he passed through Gilead and Manasseh, then through Mizpah of Gilead. And from there he advanced against the Ammonites. 30Jephthah made this vow to the LORD: “If indeed You will deliver the Ammonites into my hands, 31then whatever comes out of the door of my house to greet me on my triumphant return from the Ammonites will belong to the LORD, and I will offer it up as a burnt offering.”…
Cross References
Genesis 28:20
Then Jacob made a vow, saying, "If God will be with me and watch over me on this journey, and if He will provide me with food to eat and clothes to wear,

Numbers 21:2
So Israel made a vow to the LORD: "If You will deliver this people into our hands, we will devote their cities to destruction."

Judges 11:29
Then the Spirit of the LORD came upon Jephthah, and he passed through Gilead and Manasseh, then through Mizpah of Gilead. And from there he advanced against the Ammonites.

Judges 11:31
then whatever comes out of the door of my house to greet me on my triumphant return from the Ammonites will belong to the LORD, and I will offer it up as a burnt offering."

Treasury of Scripture

And Jephthah vowed a vow to the LORD, and said, If you shall without fail deliver the children of Ammon into my hands,

Genesis 28:20
And Jacob vowed a vow, saying, If God will be with me, and will keep me in this way that I go, and will give me bread to eat, and raiment to put on,

Numbers 30:2
If a man vow a vow unto the LORD, or swear an oath to bind his soul with a bond; he shall not break his word, he shall do according to all that proceedeth out of his mouth.

1 Samuel 1:11
And she vowed a vow, and said, O LORD of hosts, if thou wilt indeed look on the affliction of thine handmaid, and remember me, and not forget thine handmaid, but wilt give unto thine handmaid a man child, then I will give him unto the LORD all the days of his life, and there shall no rasor come upon his head.







Lexicon
Jephthah
יִפְתָּ֥ח (yip̄·tāḥ)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3316: Jephthah -- 'He opens', a Gileadite, also a city of Judah

made
וַיִּדַּ֨ר (way·yid·dar)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 5087: To promise

this vow
נֶ֛דֶר (ne·ḏer)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 5088: A promise, a thing promised

to the LORD:
לַיהוָ֖ה (Yah·weh)
Preposition-l | Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3068: LORD -- the proper name of the God of Israel

“If
אִם־ (’im-)
Conjunction
Strong's Hebrew 518: Lo!, whether?, if, although, Oh that!, when, not

indeed
נָת֥וֹן (nā·ṯō·wn)
Verb - Qal - Infinitive absolute
Strong's Hebrew 5414: To give, put, set

You will deliver
תִּתֵּ֛ן (tit·tên)
Verb - Qal - Imperfect - second person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 5414: To give, put, set

the Ammonites
בְּנֵ֥י (bə·nê)
Noun - masculine plural construct
Strong's Hebrew 1121: A son

into my hands,
בְּיָדִֽי׃ (bə·yā·ḏî)
Preposition-b | Noun - feminine singular construct | first person common singular
Strong's Hebrew 3027: A hand
(30) Jephthah vowed a vow.--This was a practice among all ancient nations, but specially among the Jews (Genesis 28:20-22; 1Samuel 1:11; 2Samuel 15:8; Psalm 66:13).

Verses 30, 31. - And Jephthah vowed a vow. This verse and the following go back to relate something which preceded his passing over to the children of Ammon, viz., his rash and unhappy vow. This is related, as so many things in Scripture are, without note or comment, and the reader must pass his own sentence upon the deed. That sentence can only be one of unreserved con- detonation on the part of any one acquainted with the spirit and letter of the word of God. Many attempts have been made to show that Jephthah only contemplated the offering of an animal in sacrifice; but the natural and indeed necessary interpretation of the words shows that he had a human victim in mind. He could not expect any but a human being to come forth from the doors of his house, nor could any but a human being come forth "to meet him" - a common phrase always spoken of men (Genesis 14:17; Genesis 24:65; Exodus 4:14; Exodus 18:7; Numbers 20:20; 1 Samuel 25:34, etc., and below in ver. 34). Obviously, in the greatness of his danger and the extreme hazard of his undertaking (Judges 12:3), he thought to propitiate God's favour by a terrible and extraordinary vow. But if we ask how Jephthah came to have such erroneous notions of the character of God, the answer is not far to seek. Jephthah was "the son of a strange woman," probably, as we have seen, a Syrian (Judges 11:1-11, note), and had passed many years of his life as an exile in Syria. Now it is well known that human sacrifices were frequently practised in Syria, as they were also by the Ammonites, who made their children pass through the fire to Moloch, and it cannot surprise us that a man brought up as Jephthah was, and leading the life of a freebooter at the head of a band of Syrian outlaws, should have the common Syrian notion of the efficacy of human sacrifices in great emergencies. His language, indeed, about Jehovah and Chemosh in ver. 24 savoured of semi-heathenism. Nor is it any valid objection that we are told in ver. 29 that "the Spirit of the Lord came upon Jephthah." The phrase does not mean that thenceforth he was altogether under the guidance of the Holy Spirit, so that all that he did was inspired by the Spirit of truth and wisdom, but that the Spirit of the Lord inspired him with extraordinary strength and power for the great task of leading Israel to battle against the Ammonites. And I will offer. The rendering suggested by some, or I will offer, meaning, if the first. comer is a human being he shall be the Lord's, or if it is an animal I will offer it as a burnt offering, is wholly inadmissible. 11:29-40 Several important lessons are to be learned from Jephthah's vow. 1. There may be remainders of distrust and doubting, even in the hearts of true and great believers. 2. Our vows to God should not be as a purchase of the favour we desire, but to express gratitude to him. 3. We need to be very well-advised in making vows, lest we entangle ourselves. 4. What we have solemnly vowed to God, we must perform, if it be possible and lawful, though it be difficult and grievous to us. 5. It well becomes children, obediently and cheerfully to submit to their parents in the Lord. It is hard to say what Jephthah did in performance of his vow; but it is thought that he did not offer his daughter as a burnt-offering. Such a sacrifice would have been an abomination to the Lord; it is supposed she was obliged to remain unmarried, and apart from her family. Concerning this and some other such passages in the sacred history, about which learned men are divided and in doubt, we need not perplex ourselves; what is necessary to our salvation, thanks be to God, is plain enough. If the reader recollects the promise of Christ concerning the teaching of the Holy Spirit, and places himself under this heavenly Teacher, the Holy Ghost will guide to all truth in every passage, so far as it is needful to be understood.
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Alphabetical: a Ammon Ammonites And give hand hands If indeed into Jephthah LORD made my of said sons the to vow will you

OT History: Judges 11:30 Jephthah vowed a vow to Yahweh (Jd Judg. Jdg) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools
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