Matthew 21:28
New International Version
"What do you think? There was a man who had two sons. He went to the first and said, 'Son, go and work today in the vineyard.'

New Living Translation
“But what do you think about this? A man with two sons told the older boy, ‘Son, go out and work in the vineyard today.’

English Standard Version
“What do you think? A man had two sons. And he went to the first and said, ‘Son, go and work in the vineyard today.’

Berean Study Bible
“But what do you think? There was a man who had two sons. He went to the first one and said, ‘Son, go and work today in the vineyard.’

Berean Literal Bible
But what do you think? A man had two sons, and having come to the first he said, 'Son, go work in the vineyard today.'

New American Standard Bible
"But what do you think? A man had two sons, and he came to the first and said, 'Son, go work today in the vineyard.'

King James Bible
But what think ye? A certain man had two sons; and he came to the first, and said, Son, go work to day in my vineyard.

Christian Standard Bible
"What do you think? A man had two sons. He went to the first and said, 'My son, go work in the vineyard today.'

Contemporary English Version
Jesus said: I will tell you a story about a man who had two sons. Then you can tell me what you think. The father went to the older son and said, "Go work in the vineyard today!"

Good News Translation
"Now, what do you think? There was once a man who had two sons. He went to the older one and said, 'Son, go and work in the vineyard today.'

Holman Christian Standard Bible
"But what do you think? A man had two sons. He went to the first and said, My son, go, work in the vineyard today.'

International Standard Version
"But what do you think? A man had two sons. He went to the first and said, 'Son, go and work in the vineyard today.'

NET Bible
"What do you think? A man had two sons. He went to the first and said, 'Son, go and work in the vineyard today.'

New Heart English Bible
But what do you think? A man had two sons, and he came to the first, and said, 'Son, go work today in the vineyard.'

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
“But how does it seem to you? A certain man had two sons and he called the first and said to him, 'My son, go work today in the vineyard.'”

GOD'S WORD® Translation
"What do you think about this? A man had two sons. He went to the first and said, 'Son, go to work in the vineyard today.'

New American Standard 1977
“But what do you think? A man had two sons, and he came to the first and said, ‘Son, go work today in the vineyard.’

Jubilee Bible 2000
But what do you think? A certain man had two sons, and he came to the first and said, Son, go work today in my vineyard.

King James 2000 Bible
But what think you? A certain man had two sons; and he came to the first, and said, Son, go work today in my vineyard.

American King James Version
But what think you? A certain man had two sons; and he came to the first, and said, Son, go work to day in my vineyard.

American Standard Version
But what think ye? A man had two sons; and he came to the first, and said, Son, go work to-day in the vineyard.

Douay-Rheims Bible
But what think you? A certain man had two sons; and coming to the first, he said: Son, go work to day in my vineyard.

Darby Bible Translation
But what think ye? A man had two children, and coming to the first he said, Child, go to-day, work in [my] vineyard.

English Revised Version
But what think ye? A man had two sons; and he came to the first, and said, Son, go work today in the vineyard.

Webster's Bible Translation
But what think ye? A certain man had two sons; and he came to the first, and said, Son, go, work to-day in my vineyard.

Weymouth New Testament
"But give me your judgement. There was a man who had two sons. He came to the elder of them, and said, "'My son, go and work in the vineyard to-day.'

World English Bible
But what do you think? A man had two sons, and he came to the first, and said, 'Son, go work today in my vineyard.'

Young's Literal Translation
'And what think ye? A man had two children, and having come to the first, he said, Child, go, to-day be working in my vineyard.'
Study Bible
The Parable of the Two Sons
27So they answered, “We do not know.” And Jesus replied, “Neither will I tell you by what authority I am doing these things.” 28“But what do you think? There was a man who had two sons. He went to the first and said, ‘Son, go and work today in the vineyard.’ 29‘I will not,’ he replied. But later he changed his mind and went.…
Cross References
Numbers 10:30
"I will not go," Hobab replied. "Instead, I am going back to my own land and my own people."

Matthew 20:1
For the kingdom of heaven is like a landowner who went out early in the morning to hire workers for his vineyard.

Matthew 21:27
So they answered, "We do not know." And Jesus replied, "Neither will I tell you by what authority I am doing these things."

Matthew 21:29
I will not,' he replied. But later he changed his mind and went.

Matthew 21:33
Listen to another parable: There was a landowner who planted a vineyard. He put a wall around it, dug a winepress in it, and built a tower. Then he rented it out to some tenants and went away on a journey.

Treasury of Scripture

But what think you? A certain man had two sons; and he came to the first, and said, Son, go work to day in my vineyard.

what.

Matthew 17:25
He saith, Yes. And when he was come into the house, Jesus prevented him, saying, What thinkest thou, Simon? of whom do the kings of the earth take custom or tribute? of their own children, or of strangers?

Matthew 22:17
Tell us therefore, What thinkest thou? Is it lawful to give tribute unto Caesar, or not?

Luke 13:4
Or those eighteen, upon whom the tower in Siloam fell, and slew them, think ye that they were sinners above all men that dwelt in Jerusalem?

A certain.

Luke 15:11-32
And he said, A certain man had two sons: …

Son.

Matthew 20:5-7
Again he went out about the sixth and ninth hour, and did likewise…

Mark 13:34
For the Son of man is as a man taking a far journey, who left his house, and gave authority to his servants, and to every man his work, and commanded the porter to watch.

1 Corinthians 15:58
Therefore, my beloved brethren, be ye stedfast, unmoveable, always abounding in the work of the Lord, forasmuch as ye know that your labour is not in vain in the Lord.







Lexicon
“But
δὲ (de)
Conjunction
Strong's Greek 1161: A primary particle; but, and, etc.

what
Τί (Ti)
Interrogative / Indefinite Pronoun - Nominative Neuter Singular
Strong's Greek 5101: Who, which, what, why. Probably emphatic of tis; an interrogative pronoun, who, which or what.

[do] you
ὑμῖν (hymin)
Personal / Possessive Pronoun - Dative 2nd Person Plural
Strong's Greek 4771: You. The person pronoun of the second person singular; thou.

think?
δοκεῖ (dokei)
Verb - Present Indicative Active - 3rd Person Singular
Strong's Greek 1380: A prolonged form of a primary verb, doko dok'-o of the same meaning; to think; by implication, to seem.

[There was] a man
ἄνθρωπος (anthrōpos)
Noun - Nominative Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 444: A man, one of the human race. From aner and ops; man-faced, i.e. A human being.

who had
εἶχεν (eichen)
Verb - Imperfect Indicative Active - 3rd Person Singular
Strong's Greek 2192: To have, hold, possess. Including an alternate form scheo skheh'-o; a primary verb; to hold.

two
δύο (dyo)
Adjective - Accusative Neuter Plural
Strong's Greek 1417: Two. A primary numeral; 'two'.

sons.
τέκνα (tekna)
Noun - Accusative Neuter Plural
Strong's Greek 5043: A child, descendent, inhabitant. From the base of timoria; a child.

He went
προσελθὼν (proselthōn)
Verb - Aorist Participle Active - Nominative Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 4334: From pros and erchomai; to approach, i.e. come near, visit, or worship, assent to.

to the
τῷ (tō)
Article - Dative Neuter Singular
Strong's Greek 3588: The, the definite article. Including the feminine he, and the neuter to in all their inflections; the definite article; the.

first
πρώτῳ (prōtō)
Adjective - Dative Neuter Singular
Strong's Greek 4413: First, before, principal, most important. Contracted superlative of pro; foremost.

[and] said,
εἶπεν (eipen)
Verb - Aorist Indicative Active - 3rd Person Singular
Strong's Greek 2036: Answer, bid, bring word, command. A primary verb; to speak or say.

‘Son,
Τέκνον (Teknon)
Noun - Vocative Neuter Singular
Strong's Greek 5043: A child, descendent, inhabitant. From the base of timoria; a child.

go
ὕπαγε (hypage)
Verb - Present Imperative Active - 2nd Person Singular
Strong's Greek 5217: To go away, depart, begone, die. From hupo and ago; to lead under, i.e. Withdraw or retire, literally or figuratively.

[and] work
ἐργάζου (ergazou)
Verb - Present Imperative Middle or Passive - 2nd Person Singular
Strong's Greek 2038: To work, trade, perform, do, practice, commit, acquire by labor.

today
σήμερον (sēmeron)
Adverb
Strong's Greek 4594: Today, now. Neuter of a presumed compound of the article ho and hemera; on the day; generally, now.

in
ἐν (en)
Preposition
Strong's Greek 1722: In, on, among. A primary preposition denoting position, and instrumentality, i.e. A relation of rest; 'in, ' at, on, by, etc.

the
τῷ (tō)
Article - Dative Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 3588: The, the definite article. Including the feminine he, and the neuter to in all their inflections; the definite article; the.

vineyard.’
ἀμπελῶνι (ampelōni)
Noun - Dative Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 290: A vineyard. From ampelos; a vineyard.
(28) But what think ye?--The question serves to connect the parable with the foregoing incident, and so gives point to its special primary application. In many MSS. the answers of the two sons are inverted, and it is accordingly the "second," and not the first, who is said, in Matthew 21:31, to have done the will of his Father.

Go work to day in my vineyard.--The parable rests on the same imagery as that of the Labourers, with some special variations. Both of those who are called to work are "sons," and not hired labourers--i.e., there is a recognition of both Pharisees and publicans, the outwardly religious and the conspicuously irreligious, as being alike, in a sense, children of God.

Verses 28-32. - The parable of the two sons. (Peculiar to St. Matthew.) Verse 28. - But what think ye? A formula connecting what follows with what has preceded, and making the hearers themselves the judges. By this and the succeeding parables, Jesus shows his interlocutors their true guilty position and the punishment that awaited them. He himself explains the present parable in reference to his hearers, though, of course, it has, and is meant to have, a much wider application. A certain man (ἄνθρωπος, a man) had two sons. The man represents God; the two sons symbolize two classes of Jews - the Pharisees, with their followers and imitators; and the lawless and sinful, who made no pretence of religion. The former are those who profess to keep the Law strictly, to the very letter, though they care nothing for its spirit, and virtually divorce religion from morality The latter are careless and profane persons, whom the Lord calls "publicans and harlots" (ver. 31). The first. Westcott and Hort, relying on no very weighty authority, reverse the order of the sons' answers, altering ver. 31 in agreement with this arrangement. Christ's reply countenances the received text, setting the repentant before the professing son. It is a matter of small importance (see Tischendorf, in loc.). "The first son "here typifies the evil and immoral among the Jewish people. Go, work today. Two emphatic imperatives. Immediate obedience is required. "Today, if ye will hear his voice, harden not your hearts" (Psalm 95:7, 8). God called his sons to serve in his vineyard - the Church. He called them by the prophets, and more especially by John the Baptist, to turn from evil ways, and to do works meet for repentance (Matthew 3:8). Christ gives two examples, showing how this call was received. 21:28-32 Parables which give reproof, speak plainly to the offenders, and judge them out of their own mouths. The parable of the two sons sent to work in the vineyard, is to show that those who knew not John's baptism to be of God, were shamed by those who knew it, and owned it. The whole human race are like children whom the Lord has brought up, but they have rebelled against him, only some are more plausible in their disobedience than others. And it often happens, that the daring rebel is brought to repentance and becomes the Lord's servant, while the formalist grows hardened in pride and enmity.
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