Matthew 22:17
New International Version
Tell us then, what is your opinion? Is it right to pay the imperial tax to Caesar or not?”

New Living Translation
Now tell us what you think about this: Is it right to pay taxes to Caesar or not?”

English Standard Version
Tell us, then, what you think. Is it lawful to pay taxes to Caesar, or not?”

Berean Study Bible
So tell us what You think: Is it lawful to pay taxes to Caesar or not?”

Berean Literal Bible
Therefore tell us, what do You think? Is it lawful to give tribute to Caesar, or not?"

King James Bible
Tell us therefore, What thinkest thou? Is it lawful to give tribute unto Caesar, or not?

New King James Version
Tell us, therefore, what do You think? Is it lawful to pay taxes to Caesar, or not?”

New American Standard Bible
Tell us then, what do You think? Is it permissible to pay a poll-tax to Caesar, or not?”

NASB 1995
“Tell us then, what do You think? Is it lawful to give a poll-tax to Caesar, or not?”

NASB 1977
“Tell us therefore, what do You think? Is it lawful to give a poll-tax to Caesar, or not?”

Amplified Bible
Tell us then, what do You think? Is it permissible [according to Jewish law and tradition] to pay a poll-tax to Caesar, or not?”

Christian Standard Bible
Tell us, then, what you think. Is it lawful to pay taxes to Caesar or not? ”

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Tell us, therefore, what You think. Is it lawful to pay taxes to Caesar or not?”

American Standard Version
Tell us therefore, What thinkest thou? Is it lawful to give tribute unto Caesar, or not?

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
“Tell us therefore, how does it seem to you? Is it lawful to give the head tax to Caesar or not?”

Contemporary English Version
Tell us what you think! Should we pay taxes to the Emperor or not?"

Douay-Rheims Bible
Tell us therefore what dost thou think, is it lawful to give tribute to Caesar, or not?

English Revised Version
Tell us therefore, What thinkest thou? Is it lawful to give tribute unto Caesar, or not?

Good News Translation
Tell us, then, what do you think? Is it against our Law to pay taxes to the Roman Emperor, or not?"

GOD'S WORD® Translation
So tell us what you think. Is it right to pay taxes to the emperor or not?"

International Standard Version
So tell us what you think. Is it lawful to pay taxes to Caesar or not?"

Literal Standard Version
tell us, therefore, what do You think? Is it lawful to give tribute to Caesar or not?”

NET Bible
Tell us then, what do you think? Is it right to pay taxes to Caesar or not?"

New Heart English Bible
Tell us therefore, what do you think? Is it lawful to pay taxes to Caesar, or not?"

Weymouth New Testament
Give us your judgement therefore: is it allowable for us to pay a poll-tax to Caesar, or not?"

World English Bible
Tell us therefore, what do you think? Is it lawful to pay taxes to Caesar, or not?"

Young's Literal Translation
tell us, therefore, what dost thou think? is it lawful to give tribute to Caesar or not?'

Additional Translations ...
Context
Paying Taxes to Caesar
16They sent their disciples to Him along with the Herodians. “Teacher,” they said, “we know that You are honest and that You teach the way of God in accordance with the truth. You seek favor from no one, because You pay no attention to external appearance. 17So tell us what You think: Is it lawful to pay taxes to Caesar or not?” 18But Jesus knew their evil intent and said, “You hypocrites, why are you testing Me?…

Cross References
Matthew 17:25
"Yes," he answered. When Peter entered the house, Jesus preempted him. "What do you think, Simon?" He asked. "From whom do the kings of the earth collect customs and taxes: from their own sons, or from others?"

Matthew 22:18
But Jesus knew their evil intent and said, "You hypocrites, why are you testing Me?

Luke 2:1
Now in those days a decree went out from Caesar Augustus that a census should be taken of the whole empire.

Luke 3:1
In the fifteenth year of the reign of Tiberius Caesar, while Pontius Pilate was governor of Judea, Herod tetrarch of Galilee, his brother Philip tetrarch of Ituraea and Trachonitis, and Lysanias tetrarch of Abilene,

Luke 20:22
Is it lawful for us to pay taxes to Caesar or not?"


Treasury of Scripture

Tell us therefore, What think you? Is it lawful to give tribute to Caesar, or not?

What.

Jeremiah 42:2,3,20
And said unto Jeremiah the prophet, Let, we beseech thee, our supplication be accepted before thee, and pray for us unto the LORD thy God, even for all this remnant; (for we are left but a few of many, as thine eyes do behold us:) …

Acts 28:22
But we desire to hear of thee what thou thinkest: for as concerning this sect, we know that every where it is spoken against.

is.

Deuteronomy 17:14,15
When thou art come unto the land which the LORD thy God giveth thee, and shalt possess it, and shalt dwell therein, and shalt say, I will set a king over me, like as all the nations that are about me; …

Ezra 4:13
Be it known now unto the king, that, if this city be builded, and the walls set up again, then will they not pay toll, tribute, and custom, and so thou shalt endamage the revenue of the kings.

Ezra 7:24
Also we certify you, that touching any of the priests and Levites, singers, porters, Nethinims, or ministers of this house of God, it shall not be lawful to impose toll, tribute, or custom, upon them.

Caesar.

Luke 2:1
And it came to pass in those days, that there went out a decree from Caesar Augustus, that all the world should be taxed.

John 19:12-15
And from thenceforth Pilate sought to release him: but the Jews cried out, saying, If thou let this man go, thou art not Caesar's friend: whosoever maketh himself a king speaketh against Caesar…

Acts 17:7
Whom Jason hath received: and these all do contrary to the decrees of Caesar, saying that there is another king, one Jesus.









(17) Is it lawful to give tribute . . .?--The question was obviously framed as a dilemma. If answered in the affirmative, the Pharisees would be able to denounce Him to the people as a traitor to His country, courting the favour of their heathen oppressors. If in the negative, the Herodians (on the assumption which seems the more probable) could accuse Him, as He was eventually accused, of "perverting the nation, and forbidding to give tribute to Caesar" (Luke 23:2).

Tribute.--The original gives the Latin "census," i.e., the poll-tax of a denarius per head, assessed on the whole population, the publicans being bound to transmit the sum so collected to the Roman treasury. As being a direct personal tax it was looked on by the more zealous Jews as carrying with it a greater humiliation than export or import duties, and was consequently resisted (as by Judas of Galilee and his followers) by many who acquiesced more or less readily in the payment of the customs (Acts 5:37).

Verse 17. - Tell us therefore. Because you are so truthful and impartial, give us your unprejudiced opinion about the following much-disputed question. These people assume to be simple-minded inquirers, who came to Jesus to have a perplexity resolved. St. Luke gives their real character, "They sent forth spies, which should feign themselves just men, that they might take hold of his words." Is it lawful (ἔξεστι) to give tribute (κῆνσον, censure) unto Caesar, or not? The tribute is the poll tax levied by the Romans. Caesar at this time was Tiberius; the title was now applied to the emperors, though its subsequent use was different. By asking concerning the lawfulness of the payment, they do not inquire whether it was expedient or advisable to make it, but whether it was morally and religiously right, consistent with their obligation as subjects of the theocratic kingdom. Some, as Judas of Galilee (Acts 5:37; Josephus, 'Ant.,' 18:1: 1, 6), had resorted to violence in their opposition to the tax; and indeed, the question here put was much debated between opposite parties. The Pharisees were strongly opposed to foreign domination, and thought it derogatory and sacrilegious for the people of Jehovah to pay impost to a foreign and heathen authority. The Herodians, on the other hand, submitted without reserve to the supremacy of Rome, and, for political reasons, silenced all nationalist and ultra-patriotic feeling. By putting this question, the disputants thought to force Christ into a dilemma, where he must answer directly "Yes" or "No," and where, whichever reply he made, he would equally offend one or other of the parties into which the state was divided. If he affirmed the lawfulness of the tax, he would lose his popularity with the mass of the people, as one who disowned the sovereignty of Jehovah, and would give the death blow to his own claims as Messiah-King. If he garb a negative reply, he would be deemed an enemy of Rome and a promoter of seditious views, and be liable to be handed over to the civil power for the punishment of disaffection and treason (see Luke 20:20). They falsely brought this charge against him before Pilate (Luke 23:2).

Parallel Commentaries ...


Greek
So
οὖν (oun)
Conjunction
Strong's 3767: Therefore, then. Apparently a primary word; certainly, or accordingly.

tell
εἰπὸν (eipon)
Verb - Aorist Imperative Active - 2nd Person Singular
Strong's 2036: Answer, bid, bring word, command. A primary verb; to speak or say.

us
ἡμῖν (hēmin)
Personal / Possessive Pronoun - Dative 1st Person Plural
Strong's 1473: I, the first-person pronoun. A primary pronoun of the first person I.

what
τί (ti)
Interrogative / Indefinite Pronoun - Nominative Neuter Singular
Strong's 5101: Who, which, what, why. Probably emphatic of tis; an interrogative pronoun, who, which or what.

You
σοι (soi)
Personal / Possessive Pronoun - Dative 2nd Person Singular
Strong's 4771: You. The person pronoun of the second person singular; thou.

think.
δοκεῖ (dokei)
Verb - Present Indicative Active - 3rd Person Singular
Strong's 1380: A prolonged form of a primary verb, doko dok'-o of the same meaning; to think; by implication, to seem.

Is it lawful
ἔξεστιν (exestin)
Verb - Present Indicative Active - 3rd Person Singular
Strong's 1832: It is permitted, lawful, possible.

to pay
δοῦναι (dounai)
Verb - Aorist Infinitive Active
Strong's 1325: To offer, give; I put, place. A prolonged form of a primary verb; to give.

taxes
κῆνσον (kēnson)
Noun - Accusative Masculine Singular
Strong's 2778: A poll-tax. Of Latin origin; properly, an enrollment, i.e. a tax.

to Caesar,
Καίσαρι (Kaisari)
Noun - Dative Masculine Singular
Strong's 2541: Of Latin origin; Caesar, a title of the Roman emperor.

or
(ē)
Conjunction
Strong's 2228: Or, than. A primary particle of distinction between two connected terms; disjunctive, or; comparative, than.

not?”
οὔ (ou)
Adverb
Strong's 3756: No, not. Also ouk, and ouch a primary word; the absolute negative adverb; no or not.


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