2 Chronicles 6:22
New International Version
"When anyone wrongs their neighbor and is required to take an oath and they come and swear the oath before your altar in this temple,

New Living Translation
“If someone wrongs another person and is required to take an oath of innocence in front of your altar at this Temple,

English Standard Version
“If a man sins against his neighbor and is made to take an oath and comes and swears his oath before your altar in this house,

Berean Study Bible
When a man sins against his neighbor and is required to take an oath, and he comes to take an oath before Your altar in this temple,

King James Bible
If a man sin against his neighbour, and an oath be laid upon him to make him swear, and the oath come before thine altar in this house;

New King James Version
“If anyone sins against his neighbor, and is forced to take an oath, and comes and takes an oath before Your altar in this temple,

New American Standard Bible
“If someone sins against his neighbor and is made to take an oath, and he comes and takes an oath before Your altar in this house,

NASB 1995
"If a man sins against his neighbor and is made to take an oath, and he comes and takes an oath before Your altar in this house,

NASB 1977
“If a man sins against his neighbor, and is made to take an oath, and he comes and takes an oath before Thine altar in this house,

Amplified Bible
“If a man sins against his neighbor, and he is required to take an oath, and he comes and takes the oath before Your altar in this house,

Christian Standard Bible
If a man sins against his neighbor and is forced to take an oath and he comes to take an oath before your altar in this temple,

Holman Christian Standard Bible
If a man sins against his neighbor and is forced to take an oath and he comes to take an oath before Your altar in this temple,

American Standard Version
If a man sin against his neighbor, and an oath be laid upon him to cause him to swear, and he come and'swear before thine altar in this house;

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
If it is that a son of man will do wrong against his fellow man and he would decree oaths upon him for his oaths, and he would come and would swear before your altar in this house

Brenton Septuagint Translation
If a man sin against his neighbour, and he bring an oath upon him so as to make him swear, and he come and swear before the altar in this house;

Contemporary English Version
Suppose someone accuses a person of a crime, and the accused has to stand in front of the altar in your temple and say, "I swear I am innocent!"

Douay-Rheims Bible
If any man sin against his neighbour, and come to swear against him, and bind himself with a curse before the altar in this house:

English Revised Version
If a man sin against his neighbour, and an oath be laid upon him to cause him to swear, and he come and swear before thine altar in this house:

Good News Translation
"When people are accused of wronging others and are brought to your altar in this Temple to take an oath that they are innocent,

GOD'S WORD® Translation
"If anyone sins against another person and is required to take an oath and comes to take the oath in front of your altar in this temple,

International Standard Version
"If a man sins against his neighbor and he is required to take an oath, and he then comes to take an oath in front of your altar in this Temple,

JPS Tanakh 1917
If a man sin against his neighbour, and an oath be exacted of him to cause him to swear, and he come and swear before Thine altar in this house;

Literal Standard Version
If a man sins against his neighbor, and he has lifted up an oath on him to cause him to swear, and the oath has come in before Your altar in this house—

NET Bible
"When someone is accused of sinning against his neighbor and the latter pronounces a curse on the alleged offender before your altar in this temple,

New Heart English Bible
"If a man sins against his neighbor and obliges him to take an oath, and he comes to take an oath before your altar in this house;

World English Bible
"If a man sin against his neighbor, and an oath is laid on him to cause him to swear, and he comes and swears before your altar in this house;

Young's Literal Translation
'If a man doth sin against his neighbour, and he hath lifted up on him an oath to cause him to swear, and the oath hath come in before Thine altar in this house --

Additional Translations ...
Context
Solomon's Prayer of Dedication
21Hear the plea of Your servant and of Your people Israel when they pray toward this place. May You hear from heaven, Your dwelling place. May You hear and forgive. 22When a man sins against his neighbor and is required to take an oath, and he comes to take an oath before Your altar in this temple, 23then may You hear from heaven and act. May You judge Your servants, condemning the wicked man by bringing down on his own head what he has done, and justifying the righteous man by rewarding him according to his righteousness.…

Cross References
2 Chronicles 6:21
Hear the plea of Your servant and of Your people Israel when they pray toward this place. May You hear from heaven, Your dwelling place. May You hear and forgive.

2 Chronicles 6:23
then may You hear from heaven and act. May You judge Your servants, condemning the wicked man by bringing down on his own head what he has done, and justifying the righteous man by rewarding him according to his righteousness.


Treasury of Scripture

If a man sin against his neighbor, and an oath be laid on him to make him swear, and the oath come before your altar in this house;

sin

1 Kings 8:31,32
If any man trespass against his neighbour, and an oath be laid upon him to cause him to swear, and the oath come before thine altar in this house: …

and an oath, etc.

Exodus 22:11
Then shall an oath of the LORD be between them both, that he hath not put his hand unto his neighbour's goods; and the owner of it shall accept thereof, and he shall not make it good.

Leviticus 5:1
And if a soul sin, and hear the voice of swearing, and is a witness, whether he hath seen or known of it; if he do not utter it, then he shall bear his iniquity.

Proverbs 30:9
Lest I be full, and deny thee, and say, Who is the LORD? or lest I be poor, and steal, and take the name of my God in vain.

the oath

Numbers 5:19-22
And the priest shall charge her by an oath, and say unto the woman, If no man have lain with thee, and if thou hast not gone aside to uncleanness with another instead of thy husband, be thou free from this bitter water that causeth the curse: …

Matthew 23:18
And, Whosoever shall swear by the altar, it is nothing; but whosoever sweareth by the gift that is upon it, he is guilty.









(22) If a man sin.--Kings, "whatever a man sin."

And an oath be laid upon him.--And he (i.e., his neighbour or, indefinitely, people) lay an oath upon him. (See Exodus 22:11.)

And the oath come before thine altar.--And he (the offender) enter upon an oath before thine altar. (Comp. Ezekiel 17:13.) But all the versions have, "and he come, and swear before thine altar," a difference which involves merely the prefixing of one letter (w) to the Hebrew word rendered "oath."

Verse 22. - And an oath be laid upon him to make him swear. This verse is explained by Exodus 22:9-11; Leviticus 6:1-5. The case of ordeal by self-purgation of oath is supposed. And the oath come. The Septuagint translates here, "and he come and declare by oath," etc. - a translation which a very slight alteration in the Hebrew, consisting in prefixing a vau to the word for swear, will allow. The Vulgate follows the Septuagint.

Parallel Commentaries ...


Hebrew
When
אִם־ (’im-)
Conjunction
Strong's 518: Lo!, whether?, if, although, Oh that!, when, not

a man
אִישׁ֙ (’îš)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's 376: A man as an individual, a male person

sins
יֶחֱטָ֥א (ye·ḥĕ·ṭā)
Verb - Qal - Imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's 2398: To miss, to sin, to forfeit, lack, expiate, repent, lead astray, condemn

against his neighbor
לְרֵעֵ֔הוּ (lə·rê·‘ê·hū)
Preposition-l | Noun - masculine singular construct | third person masculine singular
Strong's 7453: Friend, companion, fellow

and is required
וְנָֽשָׁא־ (wə·nā·šā-)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Conjunctive perfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's 5375: To lift, carry, take

to take an oath,
אָלָ֖ה (’ā·lāh)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's 422: To adjure, imprecate

and he comes
וּבָ֗א (ū·ḇā)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Conjunctive perfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's 935: To come in, come, go in, go

to take an oath
לְהַֽאֲלֹת֑וֹ (lə·ha·’ă·lō·ṯōw)
Preposition-l | Verb - Hifil - Infinitive construct | third person masculine singular
Strong's 423: An imprecation

before
לִפְנֵ֥י (lip̄·nê)
Preposition-l | Noun - common plural construct
Strong's 6440: The face

Your altar
מִֽזְבַּחֲךָ֖ (miz·ba·ḥă·ḵā)
Noun - masculine singular construct | second person masculine singular
Strong's 4196: An altar

in this
הַזֶּֽה׃ (haz·zeh)
Article | Pronoun - masculine singular
Strong's 2088: This, that

temple,
בַּבַּ֥יִת (bab·ba·yiṯ)
Preposition-b, Article | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's 1004: A house


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OT History: 2 Chronicles 6:22 If a man sin against his neighbor (2 Chron. 2Ch iiCh ii ch 2 chr 2chr)
2 Chronicles 6:21
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