Deuteronomy 22:28
New International Version
If a man happens to meet a virgin who is not pledged to be married and rapes her and they are discovered,

New Living Translation
“Suppose a man has intercourse with a young woman who is a virgin but is not engaged to be married. If they are discovered,

English Standard Version
“If a man meets a virgin who is not betrothed, and seizes her and lies with her, and they are found,

Berean Study Bible
If a man encounters a virgin who is not pledged in marriage, and he seizes her and lies with her, and they are discovered,

King James Bible
If a man find a damsel that is a virgin, which is not betrothed, and lay hold on her, and lie with her, and they be found;

New King James Version
“If a man finds a young woman who is a virgin, who is not betrothed, and he seizes her and lies with her, and they are found out,

New American Standard Bible
“If a man finds a girl who is a virgin, who is not betrothed, and he seizes her and has sexual relations with her, and they are discovered,

NASB 1995
"If a man finds a girl who is a virgin, who is not engaged, and seizes her and lies with her and they are discovered,

NASB 1977
“If a man finds a girl who is a virgin, who is not engaged, and seizes her and lies with her and they are discovered,

Amplified Bible
“If a man finds a girl who is a virgin, who is not engaged, and seizes her and is intimate with her and they are discovered,

Christian Standard Bible
If a man encounters a young woman, a virgin who is not engaged, takes hold of her and rapes her, and they are discovered,

Holman Christian Standard Bible
If a man encounters a young woman, a virgin who is not engaged, takes hold of her and rapes her, and they are discovered,

American Standard Version
If a man find a damsel that is a virgin, that is not betrothed, and lay hold on her, and lie with her, and they be found;

Brenton Septuagint Translation
And if any one should find a young virgin who has not been betrothed, and should force her and lie with her, and be found,

Contemporary English Version
Suppose a woman isn't engaged to be married, and a man forces her to have sex with him. If he is caught,

Douay-Rheims Bible
If a man find a damsel that is a virgin, who is not espoused, and taking her, lie with her, and the matter come to judgment :

English Revised Version
If a man find a damsel that is a virgin, which is not betrothed, and lay hold on her, and lie with her, and they be found;

Good News Translation
"Suppose a man is caught raping a young woman who is not engaged.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
This is what you must do when a man rapes a virgin who isn't engaged. When the crime is discovered,

International Standard Version
"However, if a man meets a girl who isn't engaged to be married, and he seizes her, rapes her, and is later found out,

JPS Tanakh 1917
If a man find a damsel that is a virgin, that is not betrothed, and lay hold on her, and lie with her, and they be found;

Literal Standard Version
When a man finds a girl, a virgin who is not betrothed, and has caught her, and lain with her, and they have been found,

NET Bible
Suppose a man comes across a virgin who is not engaged and overpowers and rapes her and they are discovered.

New Heart English Bible
If a man find a woman who is a virgin, who is not pledged to be married, and lay hold on her, and lie with her, and they be found;

World English Bible
If a man find a lady who is a virgin, who is not pledged to be married, and lay hold on her, and lie with her, and they be found;

Young's Literal Translation
'When a man findeth a damsel, a virgin who is not betrothed, and hath caught her, and lain with her, and they have been found,

Additional Translations ...
Study Bible
Marriage Violations
27When he found her in the field, the betrothed woman cried out, but there was no one to save her. 28If a man encounters a virgin who is not pledged in marriage, and he seizes her and lies with her, and they are discovered, 29then the man who lay with her must pay the young woman’s father fifty shekels of silver, and she must become his wife because he has violated her. He must not divorce her as long as he lives.…

Cross References
Matthew 1:18
This is how the birth of Jesus Christ came about: His mother Mary was pledged in marriage to Joseph, but before they came together, she was found to be with child through the Holy Spirit.

Exodus 22:16
If a man seduces a virgin who is not pledged in marriage and sleeps with her, he must pay the full dowry for her to be his wife.

Deuteronomy 22:27
When he found her in the field, the betrothed woman cried out, but there was no one to save her.

Deuteronomy 22:29
then the man who lay with her must pay the young woman's father fifty shekels of silver, and she must become his wife because he has violated her. He must not divorce her as long as he lives.


Treasury of Scripture

If a man find a damsel that is a virgin, which is not betrothed, and lay hold on her, and lie with her, and they be found;

because he hath humbled

Deuteronomy 22:19,24
And they shall amerce him in an hundred shekels of silver, and give them unto the father of the damsel, because he hath brought up an evil name upon a virgin of Israel: and she shall be his wife; he may not put her away all his days…

Deuteronomy 21:14
And it shall be, if thou have no delight in her, then thou shalt let her go whither she will; but thou shalt not sell her at all for money, thou shalt not make merchandise of her, because thou hast humbled her.









Deuteronomy 22:28-29.--SEDUCTION.

See Exodus 22:16-17. The sin of seduction before marriage is punished by a heavy fine. We have recently amended our own laws in the direction of this very precept. But the fact that marriage was made compulsory in these cases makes the Law stricter still. It seems, however, from Exodus 22:17, that the girl's father might forbid the marriage, though the seducer could not escape from it in any other way.

(30) See Leviticus 18:7. A principle, not merely a precept, is implied here, as appears by the details of Leviticus 18



Parallel Commentaries ...


Lexicon
If
כִּֽי־ (kî-)
Conjunction
Strong's Hebrew 3588: A relative conjunction

a man
אִ֗ישׁ (’îš)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 376: A man as an individual, a male person

encounters
יִמְצָ֣א (yim·ṣā)
Verb - Qal - Imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 4672: To come forth to, appear, exist, to attain, find, acquire, to occur, meet, be present

a virgin
בְתוּלָה֙ (ḇə·ṯū·lāh)
Noun - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1330: A virgin, sometimes, a bride

who
אֲשֶׁ֣ר (’ă·šer)
Pronoun - relative
Strong's Hebrew 834: Who, which, what, that, when, where, how, because, in order that

is not
לֹא־ (lō-)
Adverb - Negative particle
Strong's Hebrew 3808: Not, no

pledged in marriage,
אֹרָ֔שָׂה (’ō·rā·śāh)
Verb - Pual - Perfect - third person feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 781: To engage for, matrimony

and he overpowers her
וּתְפָשָׂ֖הּ (ū·ṯə·p̄ā·śāh)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Conjunctive perfect - third person masculine singular | third person feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 8610: To manipulate, seize, chiefly to capture, wield, to overlay, to use unwarrantably

and rapes
וְשָׁכַ֣ב (wə·šā·ḵaḇ)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Conjunctive perfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 7901: To lie down

her,
עִמָּ֑הּ (‘im·māh)
Preposition | third person feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 5973: With, equally with

and they are discovered,
וְנִמְצָֽאוּ׃ (wə·nim·ṣā·’ū)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Nifal - Conjunctive perfect - third person common plural
Strong's Hebrew 4672: To come forth to, appear, exist, to attain, find, acquire, to occur, meet, be present


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OT Law: Deuteronomy 22:28 If a man find a lady who (Deut. De Du)
Deuteronomy 22:27
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