Exodus 22:16
New International Version
“If a man seduces a virgin who is not pledged to be married and sleeps with her, he must pay the bride-price, and she shall be his wife.

New Living Translation
“If a man seduces a virgin who is not engaged to anyone and has sex with her, he must pay the customary bride price and marry her.

English Standard Version
“If a man seduces a virgin who is not betrothed and lies with her, he shall give the bride-price for her and make her his wife.

Berean Study Bible
If a man seduces a virgin who is not pledged in marriage and sleeps with her, he must pay the full dowry for her to be his wife.

King James Bible
And if a man entice a maid that is not betrothed, and lie with her, he shall surely endow her to be his wife.

New King James Version
“If a man entices a virgin who is not betrothed, and lies with her, he shall surely pay the bride-price for her to be his wife.

New American Standard Bible
“If a man seduces a virgin who is not betrothed and sleeps with her, he must pay a dowry for her to be his wife.

NASB 1995
“If a man seduces a virgin who is not engaged, and lies with her, he must pay a dowry for her to be his wife.

NASB 1977
“And if a man seduces a virgin who is not engaged, and lies with her, he must pay a dowry for her to be his wife.

Amplified Bible
“If a man seduces a virgin who is not betrothed, and lies with her, he must pay a dowry (marriage price) for her to be his wife.

Christian Standard Bible
“If a man seduces a virgin who is not engaged, and he sleeps with her, he must certainly pay the bridal price for her to be his wife.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
If a man seduces a virgin who is not engaged, and he has sexual relations with her, he must certainly pay the bridal price for her to be his wife.

American Standard Version
And if a man entice a virgin that is not betrothed, and lie with her, he shall surely pay a dowry for her to be his wife.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
And when a man will seduce a virgin that was not engaged and he shall have sexual intercourse with her, he shall surely take her to him as a wife.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
And if any one deceive a virgin that is not betrothed, and lie with her, he shall surely endow her for a wife to himself.

Contemporary English Version
Suppose a young woman has never had sex and isn't engaged. If a man talks her into having sex, he must pay the bride price and marry her.

Douay-Rheims Bible
If a man seduce a virgin not yet espoused, and lie with her: he shall endow her, and have her to wife.

English Revised Version
And if a man entice a virgin that is not betrothed, and lie with her, he shall surely pay a dowry for her to be his wife.

Good News Translation
"If a man seduces a virgin who is not engaged, he must pay the bride price for her and marry her.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
"Whenever a man seduces a virgin who is not engaged to anyone and has sexual intercourse with her, he must pay the bride-price and marry her.

International Standard Version
"When a man seduces a virgin who is not engaged to be married and has sexual relations with her, he must pay her bride price, and she is to become his wife.

JPS Tanakh 1917
And if a man entice a virgin that is not betrothed, and lie with her, he shall surely pay a dowry for her to be his wife.

Literal Standard Version
And when a man entices a virgin who [is] not betrothed, and has lain with her, he certainly endows her to himself for a wife;

NET Bible
"If a man seduces a virgin who is not engaged and has sexual relations with her, he must surely endow her to be his wife.

New Heart English Bible
"If a man entices a virgin who isn't pledged to be married, and lies with her, he shall surely pay a dowry for her to be his wife.

World English Bible
"If a man entices a virgin who isn't pledged to be married, and lies with her, he shall surely pay a dowry for her to be his wife.

Young's Literal Translation
And when a man doth entice a virgin who is not betrothed, and hath lain with her, he doth certainly endow her to himself for a wife;

Additional Translations ...
Context
Laws of Social Responsibility
16If a man seduces a virgin who is not pledged in marriage and sleeps with her, he must pay the full dowry for her to be his wife. 17If her father absolutely refuses to give her to him, the man still must pay an amount comparable to the bridal price of a virgin.…

Cross References
Matthew 1:18
This is how the birth of Jesus Christ came about: His mother Mary was pledged in marriage to Joseph, but before they came together, she was found to be with child through the Holy Spirit.

Exodus 22:15
If the owner was present, no restitution is required. If the animal was rented, the fee covers the loss.

Deuteronomy 22:28
If a man encounters a virgin who is not pledged in marriage, and he seizes her and lies with her, and they are discovered,

Deuteronomy 22:29
then the man who lay with her must pay the young woman's father fifty shekels of silver, and she must become his wife because he has violated her. He must not divorce her as long as he lives.


Treasury of Scripture

And if a man entice a maid that is not betrothed, and lie with her, he shall surely endow her to be his wife.

a man entice

Genesis 34:2-4
And when Shechem the son of Hamor the Hivite, prince of the country, saw her, he took her, and lay with her, and defiled her…

Deuteronomy 22:28,29
If a man find a damsel that is a virgin, which is not betrothed, and lay hold on her, and lie with her, and they be found; …









MISCELLANEOUS LAWS.

(16-31) The remainder of the chapter contains laws which it is impossible to bring under any general head or heads, and which can, therefore, only be regarded as miscellaneous. Moses may have recorded them in the order in which they were delivered to him; or have committed them to writing as they afterwards occurred to his memory.

(16) If a man entice a maid.--The seduction of a maiden is regarded more seriously in primitive than in more advanced communities. The father looked to receive a handsome sum (????) from the man to whom he consented to betroth his virgin daughter; and required compensation if his daughter's eligibility as a wife was diminished. If the seducer were a person to whom he felt it a degradation to marry his daughter, he might exact from him such a sum as would be likely to induce another to wed her; if he was one whom he could accept as a son-in-law, he might compel him to re-establish his daughter's status by marriage. It might be well if modern societies would imitate the Mosaic code on this point by some similar proviso.

He shall surely endow her--i.e., pay the customary sum to the father. See Deuteronomy 22:29, where the sum is fixed at fifty shekels of silver.

Verse 16. - If a man entice. Rather "seduce." He shall surely endow her to be his wife. In the East a man commonly pays money, or money's worth, to the parents in order to obtain a wife. The seducer was to comply with this custom, and make over to the damsel's father the sum of fifty shekels of silver (Deuteronomy 22:29), for his sanction of the marriage. If the father consented, he was compelled to marry the girl, and he was forbidden to repudiate her afterwards (ibid.).

Parallel Commentaries ...


Hebrew
If
וְכִֽי־ (wə·ḵî-)
Conjunctive waw | Conjunction
Strong's 3588: A relative conjunction

a man
אִ֗ישׁ (’îš)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's 376: A man as an individual, a male person

seduces
יְפַתֶּ֣ה (yə·p̄at·teh)
Verb - Piel - Imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's 6601: To open, be, roomy, to be, simple, delude

a virgin
בְּתוּלָ֛ה (bə·ṯū·lāh)
Noun - feminine singular
Strong's 1330: A virgin, sometimes, a bride

who
אֲשֶׁ֥ר (’ă·šer)
Pronoun - relative
Strong's 834: Who, which, what, that, when, where, how, because, in order that

is not
לֹא־ (lō-)
Adverb - Negative particle
Strong's 3808: Not, no

pledged in marriage
אֹרָ֖שָׂה (’ō·rā·śāh)
Verb - Pual - Perfect - third person feminine singular
Strong's 781: To engage for, matrimony

and sleeps
וְשָׁכַ֣ב (wə·šā·ḵaḇ)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Conjunctive perfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's 7901: To lie down

with her,
עִמָּ֑הּ (‘im·māh)
Preposition | third person feminine singular
Strong's 5973: With, equally with

he must pay the full dowry
מָהֹ֛ר (mā·hōr)
Verb - Qal - Infinitive absolute
Strong's 4117: To acquire by paying a purchase price

for her
לּ֖וֹ (lōw)
Preposition | third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew

to be his wife.
לְאִשָּֽׁה׃ (lə·’iš·šāh)
Preposition-l | Noun - feminine singular
Strong's 802: Woman, wife, female


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OT Law: Exodus 22:16 If a man entices a virgin who (Exo. Ex)
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