Exodus 22:14
New International Version
"If anyone borrows an animal from their neighbor and it is injured or dies while the owner is not present, they must make restitution.

New Living Translation
“If someone borrows an animal from a neighbor and it is injured or dies when the owner is absent, the person who borrowed it must pay full compensation.

English Standard Version
“If a man borrows anything of his neighbor, and it is injured or dies, the owner not being with it, he shall make full restitution.

Berean Study Bible
If a man borrows an animal from his neighbor and it is injured or dies while its owner is not present, he must make full restitution.

New American Standard Bible
"If a man borrows anything from his neighbor, and it is injured or dies while its owner is not with it, he shall make full restitution.

New King James Version
“And if a man borrows anything from his neighbor, and it becomes injured or dies, the owner of it not being with it, he shall surely make it good.

King James Bible
And if a man borrow ought of his neighbour, and it be hurt, or die, the owner thereof being not with it, he shall surely make it good.

Christian Standard Bible
"When a man borrows an animal from his neighbor, and it is injured or dies while its owner is not there with it, the man must make full restitution.

Contemporary English Version
Suppose you borrow an animal from a neighbor, and it gets injured or dies while the neighbor isn't around. Then you must replace it.

Good News Translation
"If anyone borrows an animal from someone else and it is injured or dies when its owner is not present, he must pay for it.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
When a man borrows an animal from his neighbor, and it is injured or dies while its owner is not there with it, the man must make full restitution.

International Standard Version
"When a man borrows an animal from his neighbor, and it's injured or dies while its owner was not with it, he is certainly to make restitution.

NET Bible
"If a man borrows an animal from his neighbor, and it is hurt or dies when its owner was not with it, the man who borrowed it will surely pay.

New Heart English Bible
"If a man borrows anything of his neighbor's, and it is injured, or dies, its owner not being with it, he shall surely make restitution.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
"Whenever someone borrows an animal from his neighbor, and it is injured or dies while the owner is not present, the borrower must make up for the loss.

JPS Tanakh 1917
And if a man borrow aught of his neighbour, and it be hurt, or die, the owner thereof not being with it, he shall surely make restitution.

New American Standard 1977
“And if a man borrows anything from his neighbor, and it is injured or dies while its owner is not with it, he shall make full restitution.

Jubilee Bible 2000
And if anyone borrows anything of his neighbour, and it is hurt or dies, its owner not being with it, he shall surely make it good.

King James 2000 Bible
And if a man borrow anything of his neighbor, and it be hurt, or dies, the owner of it being not with it, he shall surely make it good.

American King James Version
And if a man borrow ought of his neighbor, and it be hurt, or die, the owner thereof being not with it, he shall surely make it good.

American Standard Version
And if a man borrow aught of his neighbor, and it be hurt, or die, the owner thereof not being with it, he shall surely make restitution.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
And if any one borrow ought of his neighbour, and it be wounded or die or be carried away, and the owner of it be not with it, he shall make compensation.

Douay-Rheims Bible
If a man borrow of his neighbour any of these things, and it be hurt or die, the owner not being present, he shall be obliged to make restitution.

Darby Bible Translation
-- And if a man borrow anything of his neighbour, and it be hurt, or die, its owner not being with it, he shall fully make it good;

English Revised Version
And if a man borrow aught of his neighbour, and it be hurt, or die, the owner thereof not being with it, he shall surely make restitution.

Webster's Bible Translation
And if a man shall borrow aught of his neighbor, and it shall be hurt, or die, the owner of it being not with it, he shall surely make it good.

World English Bible
"If a man borrows anything of his neighbor's, and it is injured, or dies, its owner not being with it, he shall surely make restitution.

Young's Literal Translation
And when a man doth ask anything from his neighbour, and it hath been hurt or hath died -- its owner not being with it -- he doth certainly repay;
Study Bible
Property Laws
13If it was torn to pieces, he shall bring it as evidence; he need not make restitution for the torn carcass. 14If a man borrows an animal from his neighbor and it is injured or dies while its owner is not present, he must make full restitution. 15If the owner was present, no restitution is required. If the animal was rented, the fee covers the loss.…
Cross References
Exodus 22:13
If it was torn to pieces, he shall bring it as evidence; he need not make restitution for the torn carcass.

Exodus 22:15
If the owner was present, no restitution is required. If the animal was rented, the fee covers the loss.

Treasury of Scripture

And if a man borrow ought of his neighbor, and it be hurt, or die, the owner thereof being not with it, he shall surely make it good.

borrow

Deuteronomy 15:2
And this is the manner of the release: Every creditor that lendeth ought unto his neighbour shall release it; he shall not exact it of his neighbour, or of his brother; because it is called the LORD'S release.

Deuteronomy 23:19,20
Thou shalt not lend upon usury to thy brother; usury of money, usury of victuals, usury of any thing that is lent upon usury: …

Nehemiah 5:4
There were also that said, We have borrowed money for the king's tribute, and that upon our lands and vineyards.

make it good

Exodus 22:11
Then shall an oath of the LORD be between them both, that he hath not put his hand unto his neighbour's goods; and the owner of it shall accept thereof, and he shall not make it good.

Exodus 21:34
The owner of the pit shall make it good, and give money unto the owner of them; and the dead beast shall be his.

Leviticus 24:18
And he that killeth a beast shall make it good; beast for beast.







Lexicon
If
וְכִֽי־ (wə·ḵî-)
Conjunctive waw | Conjunction
Strong's Hebrew 3588: A relative conjunction

a man
אִ֛ישׁ (’îš)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 376: A man as an individual, a male person

borrows
יִשְׁאַ֥ל (yiš·’al)
Verb - Qal - Imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 7592: To inquire, to request, to demand

[an animal]
מֵעִ֥ם (mê·‘im)
Preposition-m
Strong's Hebrew 5973: With, equally with

from his neighbor
רֵעֵ֖הוּ (rê·‘ê·hū)
Noun - masculine singular construct | third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 7453: Friend, companion, fellow

and it is injured
וְנִשְׁבַּ֣ר (wə·niš·bar)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Nifal - Conjunctive perfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 7665: To break, break in pieces

or
אוֹ־ (’ōw-)
Conjunction
Strong's Hebrew 176: Desire, if

dies
מֵ֑ת (mêṯ)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 4191: To die, to kill

while its owner
בְּעָלָ֥יו (bə·‘ā·lāw)
Noun - masculine plural construct | third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1167: A master, a husband, owner

is not
אֵין־ (’ên-)
Adverb
Strong's Hebrew 369: A non-entity, a negative particle

present,
עִמּ֖וֹ (‘im·mōw)
Preposition | third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 5973: With, equally with

he must make full restitution.
שַׁלֵּ֥ם (šal·lêm)
Verb - Piel - Infinitive absolute
Strong's Hebrew 7999: To be safe, to be, completed, to be friendly, to reciprocate
(14, 15) Lending is a species of deposit; but for the benefit, not of the depositor, but of the man with whom the deposit is made. The obligation of the latter to keep intact and to return is therefore even more stringent than in the preceding case. Consequently, if the thing lent were lost or injured, however the loss was brought about, the borrower was justly called upon to make it good. The only exception was, when the lender was still in charge of what he lent, present with it, and able to keep guard over it.

Verses 14, 15 LAW OF BORROWING. - The act of borrowing is connected with that of depositing, since in both cases, the property of one man is committed to the hands of another; only, in the one case, it is at the instance and for the benefit of the man into whose hands the property passes; in the other case, it is at the instance and for the benefit of the other party. This difference causes a difference of obligation. The borrower, having borrowed solely for his own advantage, must take all the risks, and in any case return the thing borrowed, or its value, unless the owner was still, in some sort, in charge of his own property. Things hired are not, however, to be regarded as borrowed. If harm come to them, the owner must suffer the loss. Verse 14. And it be hurt or die. - The thing borrowed might be animate or inanimate; either might be "hurt;" the former might not only be hurt, but "die." Whatever the damage, and whatever the cause, unless in the single rare case of the owner being in charge, the law required the borrower to make good the loss to the owner. This law must have acted as a considerable check upon borrowing. 22; 1 - 31 Judicial laws. - The people of God should ever be ready to show mildness and mercy, according to the spirit of these laws. We must answer to God, not only for what we do maliciously, but for what we do heedlessly. Therefore, when we have done harm to our neighbour, we should make restitution, though not compelled by law. Let these scriptures lead our souls to remember, that if the grace of God has indeed appeared to us, then it has taught us, and enabled us so to conduct ourselves by its holy power, that denying ungodliness and wordly lusts, we should live soberly, righteously, and godly in this present world, Titus 2:12. And the grace of God teaches us, that as the Lord is our portion, there is enough in him to satisfy all the desires of our souls.
Jump to Previous
Aught Beasts Borrow Borrows Damaged Death Die Died Dies Full Fully Gets Good Hurt Injured Loss Neighbor Neighbor's Neighbour Ought Owner Payment Present Repay Restitution Surely Thereof Use
Jump to Next
Aught Beasts Borrow Borrows Damaged Death Die Died Dies Full Fully Gets Good Hurt Injured Loss Neighbor Neighbor's Neighbour Ought Owner Payment Present Repay Restitution Surely Thereof Use
Links
Exodus 22:14 NIV
Exodus 22:14 NLT
Exodus 22:14 ESV
Exodus 22:14 NASB
Exodus 22:14 KJV

Exodus 22:14 Bible Apps
Exodus 22:14 Biblia Paralela
Exodus 22:14 Chinese Bible
Exodus 22:14 French Bible
Exodus 22:14 German Bible

Alphabetical: a an and animal anything borrows dies from full he his If injured is it its make man must neighbor not or owner present restitution shall the while with

OT Law: Exodus 22:14 If a man borrows anything of his (Exo. Ex) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools
Exodus 22:13
Top of Page
Top of Page