Deuteronomy 32:30
New International Version
How could one man chase a thousand, or two put ten thousand to flight, unless their Rock had sold them, unless the LORD had given them up?

New Living Translation
How could one person chase a thousand of them, and two people put ten thousand to flight, unless their Rock had sold them, unless the LORD had given them up?

English Standard Version
How could one have chased a thousand, and two have put ten thousand to flight, unless their Rock had sold them, and the LORD had given them up?

Berean Study Bible
How could one man pursue a thousand, or two put ten thousand to flight, unless their Rock had sold them, unless the LORD had given them up?

King James Bible
How should one chase a thousand, and two put ten thousand to flight, except their Rock had sold them, and the LORD had shut them up?

New King James Version
How could one chase a thousand, And two put ten thousand to flight, Unless their Rock had sold them, And the LORD had surrendered them?

New American Standard Bible
“How could one chase a thousand, And two put ten thousand to flight, Unless their Rock had sold them, And the LORD had given them up?

NASB 1995
“How could one chase a thousand, And two put ten thousand to flight, Unless their Rock had sold them, And the LORD had given them up?

NASB 1977
“How could one chase a thousand, And two put ten thousand to flight, Unless their Rock had sold them, And the LORD had given them up?

Amplified Bible
“How could one chase a thousand, And two put ten thousand to flight, Unless their Rock had sold them, And the LORD had given them up?

Christian Standard Bible
How could one pursue a thousand, or two put ten thousand to flight, unless their Rock had sold them, unless the LORD had given them up?

Holman Christian Standard Bible
How could one man pursue a thousand, or two put ten thousand to flight, unless their Rock had sold them, unless the LORD had given them up?

American Standard Version
How should one chase a thousand, And two put ten thousand to flight, Except their Rock had sold them, And Jehovah had delivered them up?

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
One would have chased a thousand and two would have put ten thousand to flight, unless their Mighty One had handed them over and LORD JEHOVAH had shut them in.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
How should one pursue a thousand, and two rout tens of thousands, if God had not sold them, and the Lord delivered them up?

Contemporary English Version
How could one enemy soldier chase a thousand of Israel's troops? Or how could two of theirs pursue ten thousand of ours? It can only happen if the LORD stops protecting Israel and lets the enemy win.

Douay-Rheims Bible
How should one pursue after a thousand, and two chase ten thousand? Was it not, because their God had sold them, and the Lord had shut them up?

English Revised Version
How should one chase a thousand, And two put ten thousand to flight, Except their Rock had sold them, And the LORD had delivered them up?

Good News Translation
Why were a thousand defeated by one, and ten thousand by only two? The LORD, their God, had abandoned them; their mighty God had given them up.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
How could one person chase a thousand or two people make ten thousand flee? Their rock used these people to defeat them and the LORD gave them no help.

International Standard Version
How can one person chase a thousand of them and two put a myriad to flight, unless their Rock delivers them and the LORD gives them up?

JPS Tanakh 1917
How should one chase a thousand, And two put ten thousand to flight, Except their Rock had given them over And the LORD had delivered them up?

Literal Standard Version
How does one pursue a thousand, And two cause a myriad to flee, If not that their Rock has sold them, And YHWH has shut them up?

NET Bible
How can one man chase a thousand of them, and two pursue ten thousand; unless their Rock had delivered them up, and the LORD had handed them over?

New Heart English Bible
How could one chase a thousand, and two put ten thousand to flight, unless their Rock had sold them, and the LORD had delivered them up?

World English Bible
How could one chase a thousand, and two put ten thousand to flight, unless their Rock had sold them, and Yahweh had delivered them up?

Young's Literal Translation
How doth one pursue a thousand, And two cause a myriad to flee! If not -- that their rock hath sold them, And Jehovah hath shut them up?

Additional Translations ...
Context
The Song of Moses
29If only they were wise, they would understand it; they would comprehend their fate. 30How could one man pursue a thousand, or two put ten thousand to flight, unless their Rock had sold them, unless the LORD had given them up? 31For their rock is not like our Rock, even our enemies concede.…

Cross References
Leviticus 26:7
You will pursue your enemies, and they will fall by the sword before you.

Leviticus 26:8
Five of you will pursue a hundred, and a hundred of you will pursue ten thousand, and your enemies will fall by the sword before you.

Deuteronomy 32:4
He is the Rock, His work is perfect; all His ways are just. A God of faithfulness without injustice, righteous and upright is He.

Judges 2:14
Then the anger of the LORD burned against Israel, and He delivered them into the hands of those who plundered them. He sold them into the hands of their enemies all around, whom they were no longer able to resist.

1 Samuel 2:2
There is no one holy like the LORD. Indeed, there is no one besides You! And there is no Rock like our God.

1 Chronicles 12:14
These Gadites were army commanders, the least of whom was a match for a hundred, and the greatest for a thousand.

Psalm 31:8
You have not delivered me to the enemy; You have set my feet in the open.


Treasury of Scripture

How should one chase a thousand, and two put ten thousand to flight, except their Rock had sold them, and the LORD had shut them up?

one chase

Leviticus 26:8
And five of you shall chase an hundred, and an hundred of you shall put ten thousand to flight: and your enemies shall fall before you by the sword.

Joshua 23:10
One man of you shall chase a thousand: for the LORD your God, he it is that fighteth for you, as he hath promised you.

Judges 7:22,23
And the three hundred blew the trumpets, and the LORD set every man's sword against his fellow, even throughout all the host: and the host fled to Bethshittah in Zererath, and to the border of Abelmeholah, unto Tabbath…

sold them

Judges 2:14
And the anger of the LORD was hot against Israel, and he delivered them into the hands of spoilers that spoiled them, and he sold them into the hands of their enemies round about, so that they could not any longer stand before their enemies.

Judges 3:8
Therefore the anger of the LORD was hot against Israel, and he sold them into the hand of Chushanrishathaim king of Mesopotamia: and the children of Israel served Chushanrishathaim eight years.

Psalm 44:12
Thou sellest thy people for nought, and dost not increase thy wealth by their price.

shut them

Job 11:10
If he cut off, and shut up, or gather together, then who can hinder him?

Job 16:11
God hath delivered me to the ungodly, and turned me over into the hands of the wicked.

Psalm 31:8
And hast not shut me up into the hand of the enemy: thou hast set my feet in a large room.









(30) How should one (of their enemies) chase a thousand (of them).--Comp. the verse in Deuteronomy 28:25, and more especially Leviticus 26:8; Leviticus 26:17; Leviticus 26:36.

Had sold them.--Here first used of Jehovah. It is a common expression in the book of Judges (Deuteronomy 2:14; Deuteronomy 3:8; Deuteronomy 4:2; Deuteronomy 10:7; 1Samuel 12:9). . . .

Verse 30. - If Israel were wise, they could easily overcome all their foes through the help of the Almighty (Leviticus 26:8); but having forsaken him, they were left by him, and so came under the power of the enemy.

Parallel Commentaries ...


Hebrew
How
אֵיכָ֞ה (’ê·ḵāh)
Interjection
Strong's 349: How?, how!, where

could one man
אֶחָד֙ (’e·ḥāḏ)
Number - masculine singular
Strong's 259: United, one, first

pursue
יִרְדֹּ֤ף (yir·dōp̄)
Verb - Qal - Imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's 7291: To pursue, chase, persecute

a thousand,
אֶ֔לֶף (’e·lep̄)
Number - masculine singular
Strong's 505: A thousand

or two
וּשְׁנַ֖יִם (ū·šə·na·yim)
Conjunctive waw | Number - md
Strong's 8147: Two (a cardinal number)

put ten thousand
רְבָבָ֑ה (rə·ḇā·ḇāh)
Number - feminine singular
Strong's 7233: Multitude, myriad, ten thousand

to flight,
יָנִ֣יסוּ (yā·nî·sū)
Verb - Hifil - Imperfect - third person masculine plural
Strong's 5127: To flit, vanish away

unless
אִם־ (’im-)
Conjunction
Strong's 518: Lo!, whether?, if, although, Oh that!, when, not

their Rock
צוּרָ֣ם (ṣū·rām)
Noun - masculine singular construct | third person masculine plural
Strong's 6697: A cliff, a rock, boulder, a refuge, an edge

had sold them,
מְכָרָ֔ם (mə·ḵā·rām)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - third person masculine singular | third person masculine plural
Strong's 4376: To sell

unless the LORD
וַֽיהוָ֖ה (Yah·weh)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 3068: LORD -- the proper name of the God of Israel

had given them up?
הִסְגִּירָֽם׃ (his·gî·rām)
Verb - Hifil - Perfect - third person masculine singular | third person masculine plural
Strong's 5462: To shut up, to surrender


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OT Law: Deuteronomy 32:30 How could one chase a thousand (Deut. De Du)
Deuteronomy 32:29
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