Exodus 3:19
New International Version
But I know that the king of Egypt will not let you go unless a mighty hand compels him.

New Living Translation
“But I know that the king of Egypt will not let you go unless a mighty hand forces him.

English Standard Version
But I know that the king of Egypt will not let you go unless compelled by a mighty hand.

Berean Study Bible
But I know that the king of Egypt will not allow you to go unless a mighty hand compels him.

King James Bible
And I am sure that the king of Egypt will not let you go, no, not by a mighty hand.

New King James Version
But I am sure that the king of Egypt will not let you go, no, not even by a mighty hand.

New American Standard Bible
But I know that the king of Egypt will not permit you to go, except under compulsion.

NASB 1995
“But I know that the king of Egypt will not permit you to go, except under compulsion.

NASB 1977
“But I know that the king of Egypt will not permit you to go, except under compulsion.

Amplified Bible
But I know that the king of Egypt will not let you go unless [he is forced] by a strong hand.

Christian Standard Bible
“However, I know that the king of Egypt will not allow you to go, even under force from a strong hand.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
However, I know that the king of Egypt will not allow you to go, unless he is forced by a strong hand.

American Standard Version
And I know that the king of Egypt will not give you leave to go, no, not by a mighty hand.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
And I know that the King of Egypt will not allow you to go, and it is not in his power.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
But I know that Pharao king of Egypt will not let you go, save with a mighty hand;

Contemporary English Version
But I know that the king of Egypt won't let you go unless something forces him to.

Douay-Rheims Bible
But I know that the king of Egypt will not let you go, but by a mighty hand.

English Revised Version
And I know that the king of Egypt will not give you leave to go, no, not by a mighty hand.

Good News Translation
I know that the king of Egypt will not let you go unless he is forced to do so.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
I know that the king of Egypt will not let you go, even if he is forced to.

International Standard Version
I know that the king of Egypt won't allow you to go unless compelled to do so by force,

JPS Tanakh 1917
And I know that the king of Egypt will not give you leave to go, except by a mighty hand.

Literal Standard Version
And I have known that the king of Egypt does not permit you to go, unless by a strong hand,

NET Bible
But I know that the king of Egypt will not let you go, not even under force.

New Heart English Bible
I know that the king of Egypt won't give you permission to go, except by a mighty hand.

World English Bible
I know that the king of Egypt won't give you permission to go, no, not by a mighty hand.

Young's Literal Translation
'And I -- I have known that the king of Egypt doth not permit you to go, unless by a strong hand,

Additional Translations ...
Context
Moses at the Burning Bush
18The elders of Israel will listen to what you say, and you must go with them to the king of Egypt and tell him, ‘The LORD, the God of the Hebrews, has met with us. Now please let us take a three-day journey into the wilderness, so that we may sacrifice to the LORD our God.’ 19But I know that the king of Egypt will not allow you to go unless a mighty hand compels him. 20So I will stretch out My hand and strike the Egyptians with all the wonders I will perform among them. And after that, he will release you.…

Cross References
Exodus 5:2
But Pharaoh replied, "Who is the LORD that I should obey His voice and let Israel go? I do not know the LORD, and I will not let Israel go."

Exodus 6:1
But the LORD said to Moses, "Now you will see what I will do to Pharaoh, for because of My mighty hand he will let the people go; because of My strong hand he will drive them out of his land."

Exodus 7:4
Pharaoh will not listen to you. Then I will lay My hand on Egypt, and by mighty acts of judgment I will bring the divisions of My people the Israelites out of the land of Egypt.


Treasury of Scripture

And I am sure that the king of Egypt will not let you go, no, not by a mighty hand.

will not.

Exodus 5:2
And Pharaoh said, Who is the LORD, that I should obey his voice to let Israel go? I know not the LORD, neither will I let Israel go.

Exodus 7:4
But Pharaoh shall not hearken unto you, that I may lay my hand upon Egypt, and bring forth mine armies, and my people the children of Israel, out of the land of Egypt by great judgments.

no, not by a mighty hand.

Exodus 6:1
Then the LORD said unto Moses, Now shalt thou see what I will do to Pharaoh: for with a strong hand shall he let them go, and with a strong hand shall he drive them out of his land.

Exodus 7:1
And the LORD said unto Moses, See, I have made thee a god to Pharaoh: and Aaron thy brother shall be thy prophet.

Exodus 8:1
And the LORD spake unto Moses, Go unto Pharaoh, and say unto him, Thus saith the LORD, Let my people go, that they may serve me.









(19) I am sure.--Heb., I know, which is more suitable, since it is God who speaks, and to Him the future is known with as absolute a certainty as the past.

No, not by a mighty hand.--Rather, not even under a mighty hand (ne quidem valida manu castigatus, Rosenmller). Pharaoh, even when chastised by My mighty hand, will not voluntarily permit of your departure (see Exodus 14:5-23).

Verse 19. - I am sure. Literally, "I know," a better rendering, since, "I am sure" implies something leas than knowledge. No, not by a mighty hand. Or "not even by a mighty hand." Pharaoh will not be willing to let you go even when my mighty hand is laid upon him. (See Exodus 8:15, 19, 32; Exodus 9:12, 35; Exodus 10:20, 27.) "But by strong hand" (marg.) is a rendering which the rules of grammar do not permit.

Parallel Commentaries ...


Hebrew
But I
וַאֲנִ֣י (wa·’ă·nî)
Conjunctive waw | Pronoun - first person common singular
Strong's 589: I

know
יָדַ֔עְתִּי (yā·ḏa‘·tî)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - first person common singular
Strong's 3045: To know

that
כִּ֠י (kî)
Conjunction
Strong's 3588: A relative conjunction

the king
מֶ֥לֶךְ (me·leḵ)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's 4428: A king

of Egypt
מִצְרַ֖יִם (miṣ·ra·yim)
Noun - proper - feminine singular
Strong's 4714: Egypt -- a son of Ham, also his descendants and their country in Northwest Africa

will not
לֹֽא־ (lō-)
Adverb - Negative particle
Strong's 3808: Not, no

allow
יִתֵּ֥ן (yit·tên)
Verb - Qal - Imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's 5414: To give, put, set

you to go
לַהֲלֹ֑ךְ (la·hă·lōḵ)
Preposition-l | Verb - Qal - Infinitive construct
Strong's 1980: To go, come, walk

unless
וְלֹ֖א (wə·lō)
Conjunctive waw | Adverb - Negative particle
Strong's 3808: Not, no

a mighty hand compels him.
חֲזָקָֽה׃ (ḥă·zā·qāh)
Adjective - feminine singular
Strong's 2389: Strong, stout, mighty


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OT Law: Exodus 3:19 I know that the king of Egypt (Exo. Ex)
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