Genesis 10:13
New International Version
Egypt was the father of the Ludites, Anamites, Lehabites, Naphtuhites,

New Living Translation
Mizraim was the ancestor of the Ludites, Anamites, Lehabites, Naphtuhites,

English Standard Version
Egypt fathered Ludim, Anamim, Lehabim, Naphtuhim,

Berean Study Bible
And Mizraim was the father of the Ludites, the Anamites, the Lehabites, the Naphtuhites,

New American Standard Bible
Mizraim became the father of Ludim and Anamim and Lehabim and Naphtuhim

New King James Version
Mizraim begot Ludim, Anamim, Lehabim, Naphtuhim,

King James Bible
And Mizraim begat Ludim, and Anamim, and Lehabim, and Naphtuhim,

Christian Standard Bible
Mizraim fathered the people of Lud, Anam, Lehab, Naphtuh,

Good News Translation
The descendants of Egypt were the people of Lydia, Anam, Lehab, Naphtuh,

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Mizraim fathered Ludim, Anamim, Lehabim, Naphtuhim,

International Standard Version
Egypt fathered the Ludites, the Anamites, the Lehabites, the Naphtuhites,

NET Bible
Mizraim was the father of the Ludites, Anamites, Lehabites, Naphtuhites,

New Heart English Bible
And Mizraim became the father of Ludim, and Anamim, and Lehabim, and Naphtuhim,

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Egypt was the ancestor of the Ludites, Anamites, Lehabites, Naphtuhites,

JPS Tanakh 1917
And Mizraim begot Ludim, and Anamim, and Lehabim, and Naphtuhim,

New American Standard 1977
And Mizraim became the father of Ludim and Anamim and Lehabim and Naphtuhim

Jubilee Bible 2000
And Mizraim begat Ludim and Anamim and Lehabim and Naphtuhim

King James 2000 Bible
And Mizraim begat Ludim, and Anamim, and Lehabim, and Naphtuhim,

American King James Version
And Mizraim begat Ludim, and Anamim, and Lehabim, and Naphtuhim,

American Standard Version
And Mizraim begat Ludim, and Anamim, and Lehabim, and Naphtuhim,

Brenton Septuagint Translation
And Mesrain begot the Ludiim, and the Nephthalim, and the Enemetiim, and the Labiim,

Douay-Rheims Bible
And Mesraim begot Ludim, and Anamim, and Laabim, Nepthuim,

Darby Bible Translation
-- And Mizraim begot the Ludim, and the Anamim, and the Lehabim, and the Naphtuhim,

English Revised Version
And Mizraim begat Ludim, and Anamim, and Lehabim, and Naphtuhim,

Webster's Bible Translation
And Mizraim begat Ludim, and Anamim, and Lehabim, and Naphtuhim.

World English Bible
Mizraim became the father of Ludim, Anamim, Lehabim, Naphtuhim,

Young's Literal Translation
And Mitzraim hath begotten the Ludim, and the Anamim, and the Lehabim, and the Naphtuhim,
Study Bible
The Hamites
12and Resen, which is between Nineveh and the great city of Calah. 13And Mizraim was the father of the Ludites, the Anamites, the Lehabites, the Naphtuhites, 14the Pathrusites, the Casluhites, and the Caphtorites (from whom the Philistines came).…
Cross References
Genesis 10:6
The sons of Ham: Cush, Mizraim, Put, and Canaan.

Genesis 10:12
and Resen, which is between Nineveh and the great city of Calah.

1 Chronicles 1:11
And Mizraim was the father of the Ludites, the Anamites, the Lehabites, the Naphtuhites,

Jeremiah 46:9
Advance, O horses! Race furiously, O chariots! Let the warriors come forth--Cush and Put carrying their shields, men of Lydia drawing the bow.

Treasury of Scripture

And Mizraim begat Ludim, and Anamim, and Lehabim, and Naphtuhim,

Ludim.

1 Chronicles 1:11,12
And Mizraim begat Ludim, and Anamim, and Lehabim, and Naphtuhim, …

Jeremiah 46:9
Come up, ye horses; and rage, ye chariots; and let the mighty men come forth; the Ethiopians and the Libyans, that handle the shield; and the Lydians, that handle and bend the bow.

Ezekiel 30:5
Ethiopia, and Libya, and Lydia, and all the mingled people, and Chub, and the men of the land that is in league, shall fall with them by the sword.







Lexicon
And Mizraim
וּמִצְרַ֡יִם (ū·miṣ·ra·yim)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 4714: Egypt -- a son of Ham, also his descendants and their country in Northwest Africa

was the father of
יָלַ֞ד (yā·laḏ)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3205: To bear young, to beget, medically, to act as midwife, to show lineage

the Ludites,
לוּדִ֧ים (lū·ḏîm)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3866: Ludim -- a tribe descended from Mizraim

the Anamites,
עֲנָמִ֛ים (‘ă·nā·mîm)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 6047: Anam -- a tribe descended from Mizraim, probably located in or near Eg

the Lehabites,
לְהָבִ֖ים (lə·hā·ḇîm)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3853: Lehab -- a tribe descended from Mizraim

the Naphtuhites,
נַפְתֻּחִֽים׃ (nap̄·tu·ḥîm)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 5320: Naphtuh -- a tribe descended from Mizraim
(13, 14) "With Mizraim are connected seven inferior African races, the names of which are given in the plural, namely:--

1. The Ludim.--There were two races of this name: one Semitic, descended from Lud, the son of Shem (Genesis 10:22), and mentioned in Isaiah 66:19; the other Hamite, and subject to the Pharaohs ( Jeremiah 46:9; Ezekiel 30:5). They seem to have inhabited the Nile valley, but their exact position is unknown.

2. The Anamim.--Knobel gives some reasons for supposing this race to have inhabited the Delta.

3. The Lehabim.--Probably the same as the Lubim of 2Chronicles 12:3; 2Chronicles 16:8; Daniel 11:43; Nahum 3:9. Their home was on the western side of the Delta.

4. The Naphtuhim.--Knobel explains these as "the people of Phthah, the deity worshipped at Memphis." If so, they were the true Egyptians, as Egypt is Kah-Phthah, "the land of Phthah,' or more correctly, according to Canon Cook, Ai-Capth. (See Note on Capthorim.)

5. The Pathrusim.--People of Pathros, or Upper Egypt. According to Canon Cook, Pa-t-res means "the land of the south."

6. The Casluhim.--Probably the people of Cassiotis, a mountainous district to the east of Pelusium.

7. The Philistim.--The word Philistine means emigrant, and is translated alien, foreigner, by the LXX�We are here told that they came into Palestine as colonists from the Casluhim; but in Jeremiah 47:4, Amos 9:7, they are described as a colony from Caphtor. Probably the first Philistine settlers in Gerar (Genesis 26:1), and in the towns conquered by Judah (Judges 1:18), were Casluchians; but afterwards, at the time when they struggled with Israel for empire, in the days of Samson, Eli, and Saul, there had been a second and larger immigration from Crete. As they seem to have spoken a Semitic tongue, they had apparently adopted the language of the Canaanites among whom they had settled, and especially of the Avim (Deuteronomy 2:23). The objection to their being of Egyptian origin, brought from their neglect of the rite of circumcision, has but little weight. The Israelites all but discontinued it (Joshua 5:5), and colonists escaped from the dominion of the priests might gladly dispense with such a custom. There is also much reason for believing that the institution of circumcision in Egypt was of a date subsequent to this emigration.

8. The Caphtorim are generally connected with Crete, but Egyptologers derive the name from Kah-Phthah, "the land of Phthah." According to this, the Caphtorim, like the Naphtuhim, would have been true Egyptians, and the Delta, with Memphis, for their capital, would have been their original home. The need of expansion, joined to the seafaring habits learnt on the shores of the Delta, may easily have led them to colonise Crete, while others of the race were going as settlers into Palestine. It is worth notice that while Cyprus and Rhodes are given to the sons of Javan (Genesis 10:4), no mention is there made of Crete.

It is plain from this survey that Mizraim at this time was not of very great extent, these seven tribes being confined to the lands closely bordering on the Delta and the upper part of the Nile valley. There is nothing to indicate that the great city of Thebes had as yet come into existence.

Verse 13. - And Mizraim begat Ludim. An African tribe, a colony of the Egyptians, like the next seven, which are "nomina non singulorum hominum sed populorum" (Aben Ezra, Michaelis, Rosenmüller, Kalisch, Murphy); probably referred to in connection with Tarshish and Put (Isaiah 66:19), with Kush and Put (Jeremiah 46:9), and in connection with Put (Ezekiel 27:10; Ezekiel 30:5). Lud (ver. 22) was Shemitic. And Anamim. Not elsewhere mentioned; the inhabitants of the Delta (Knobel). And Lehabim. Lubim (2 Chronicles 12:3; Daniel 2:43; Nahum 3:9); Libyans (Daniel 11:43); probably the Libyaus west of Egypt (Michaelis, Kalisch, Murphy). And Naphtuhim. Nephthys, near Pelusium; on the Lake Sirbenis (Bochart); the Libyan town Napata (Kalisch); the people of Middle Egypt (Knobel). 10:8-14 Nimrod was a great man in his day; he began to be mighty in the earth, Those before him were content to be upon the same level with their neighbours, and though every man bare rule in his own house, yet no man pretended any further. Nimrod was resolved to lord it over his neighbours. The spirit of the giants before the flood, who became mighty men, and men of renown, Ge 6:4, revived in him. Nimrod was a great hunter. Hunting then was the method of preventing the hurtful increase of wild beasts. This required great courage and address, and thus gave an opportunity for Nimrod to command others, and gradually attached a number of men to one leader. From such a beginning, it is likely, that Nimrod began to rule, and to force others to submit. He invaded his neighbours' rights and properties, and persecuted innocent men; endeavouring to make all his own by force and violence. He carried on his oppressions and violence in defiance of God himself. Nimrod was a great ruler. Some way or other, by arts or arms, he got into power, and so founded a monarchy, which was the terror of the mighty, and bid fair to rule all the world. Nimrod was a great builder. Observe in Nimrod the nature of ambition. It is boundless; much would have more, and still cries, Give, give. It is restless; Nimrod, when he had four cities under his command, could not be content till he had four more. It is expensive; Nimrod will rather be at the charge of rearing cities, than not have the honour of ruling them. It is daring, and will stick at nothing. Nimrod's name signifies rebellion; tyrants to men are rebels to God. The days are coming, when conquerors will no longer be spoken of with praise, as in man's partial histories, but be branded with infamy, as in the impartial records of the Bible.
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