Ezekiel 27:10
New International Version
"'Men of Persia, Lydia and Put served as soldiers in your army. They hung their shields and helmets on your walls, bringing you splendor.

New Living Translation
“Men from distant Persia, Lydia, and Libya served in your great army. They hung their shields and helmets on your walls, giving you great honor.

English Standard Version
“Persia and Lud and Put were in your army as your men of war. They hung the shield and helmet in you; they gave you splendor.

Berean Study Bible
Men of Persia, Lydia, and Put served as warriors in your army. They hung their shields and helmets on your walls; they gave you splendor.

King James Bible
They of Persia and of Lud and of Phut were in thine army, thy men of war: they hanged the shield and helmet in thee; they set forth thy comeliness.

New King James Version
“Those from Persia, Lydia, and Libya Were in your army as men of war; They hung shield and helmet in you; They gave splendor to you.

New American Standard Bible
“Persia, Lud, and Put were in your army, your men of war. They hung up shield and helmet on you; they presented your splendor.

NASB 1995
"Persia and Lud and Put were in your army, your men of war. They hung shield and helmet in you; they set forth your splendor.

NASB 1977
“Persia and Lud and Put were in your army, your men of war. They hung shield and helmet in you; they set forth your splendor.

Amplified Bible
“Persia and Lud and Put (Libya) were in your army as your men of war. They hung the shield and the helmet on you; they gave you splendor.

Christian Standard Bible
Men of Persia, Lud, and Put were in your army, serving as your warriors. They hung shields and helmets in you; they gave you splendor.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Men of Persia, Lud, and Put were in your army, serving as your warriors. They hung shields and helmets in you; they gave you splendor.

American Standard Version
Persia and Lud and Put were in thine army, thy men of war: they hanged the shield and helmet in thee; they set forth thy comeliness.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
The Persians and the Lydians and the Putian men warriors have been in your army. They hung shields and helmets among you, and they were glory for you

Brenton Septuagint Translation
Persians and Lydians and Libyans were in thine army: thy warriors hung in thee shields and helmets; these gave thee thy glory.

Contemporary English Version
Brave soldiers from Persia, Lydia, and Libya served in your navy, protecting you with shields and helmets, and making you famous.

Douay-Rheims Bible
The Persians, and Lydians, and the Libyans were thy soldiers in thy army: they hung up the buckler and the helmet in thee for thy ornament.

English Revised Version
Persia and Lud and Put were in thine army, thy men of war: they hanged the shield and helmet in thee; they set forth thy comeliness.

Good News Translation
"Soldiers from Persia, Lydia, and Libya served in your army. They hung their shields and their helmets in your barracks. They are the men who won glory for you.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
People from Persia, Lud, and Put were soldiers in your army. They hung their shields and helmets inside you. Their victories made you look good.

International Standard Version
"Soldiers from Persia, Lud, and Libya, served in your army. They were your mighty soldiers. Their helmets and shields adorned your barracks walls, and they won battle decorations for you.

JPS Tanakh 1917
Persia and Lud and Put were in thine army, Thy men of war; They hanged the shield and helmet in thee, They set forth thy comeliness.

Literal Standard Version
Persia and Lud and Phut "" Have been in your forces—your men of war. They hung up shield and helmet in you, "" They have given out your honor.

NET Bible
Men of Persia, Lud, and Put were in your army, men of war. They hung shield and helmet on you; they gave you your splendor.

New Heart English Bible
Persia and Lud and Put were in your army, your men of war: they hanged the shield and helmet in you; they set forth your comeliness.

World English Bible
Persia and Lud and Put were in your army, your men of war: they hanged the shield and helmet in you; they set forth your comeliness.

Young's Literal Translation
Persian and Lud and Phut Have been in thy forces -- thy men of war. Shield and helmet they hung up in thee, They -- they have given out thine honour.

Additional Translations ...
Context
A Lament for Tyre
9The elders of Gebal were aboard as shipwrights, repairing your leaks. All the ships of the sea and their sailors came alongside to barter for your merchandise. 10Men of Persia, Lydia, and Put served as warriors in your army. They hung their shields and helmets on your walls; they gave you splendor. 11Men of Arvad and Helech manned your walls all around, and the men of Gammad were in your towers. They hung their shields around your walls; they perfected your beauty.…

Cross References
Song of Solomon 4:4
Your neck is like the tower of David, built with rows of stones; on it hang a thousand shields, all of them shields of warriors.

Isaiah 66:19
I will establish a sign among them, and I will send survivors from among them to the nations--to Tarshish, Put, and the archers of Lud; to Tubal, Javan, and the islands far away who have not heard of My fame or seen My glory. So they will proclaim My glory among the nations.

Ezekiel 26:17
Then they will lament for you, saying, "How you have perished, O city of renown inhabited by seafaring men--she who was powerful on the sea, along with her people, who imposed terror on all peoples!

Ezekiel 27:11
Men of Arvad and Helech manned your walls all around, and the men of Gammad were in your towers. They hung their shields around your walls; they perfected your beauty.

Ezekiel 30:5
Cush, Put, and Lud, and all the various peoples, as well as Libya and the men of the covenant land, will fall with Egypt by the sword.

Ezekiel 38:5
Persia, Cush, and Put will accompany them, all with shields and helmets,

Nahum 3:9
Cush and Egypt were her boundless strength; Put and Libya were her allies.


Treasury of Scripture

They of Persia and of Lud and of Phut were in your army, your men of war: they hanged the shield and helmet in you; they set forth your comeliness.

Persia

Ezekiel 38:5
Persia, Ethiopia, and Libya with them; all of them with shield and helmet:

Daniel 5:28
PERES; Thy kingdom is divided, and given to the Medes and Persians.

of Lud

Ezekiel 30:5
Ethiopia, and Libya, and Lydia, and all the mingled people, and Chub, and the men of the land that is in league, shall fall with them by the sword.

Genesis 10:6,13,22
And the sons of Ham; Cush, and Mizraim, and Phut, and Canaan…

1 Chronicles 1:8,11,17
The sons of Ham; Cush, and Mizraim, Put, and Canaan…

they hanged

Ezekiel 27:11
The men of Arvad with thine army were upon thy walls round about, and the Gammadims were in thy towers: they hanged their shields upon thy walls round about; they have made thy beauty perfect.

Song of Solomon 4:4
Thy neck is like the tower of David builded for an armoury, whereon there hang a thousand bucklers, all shields of mighty men.









(10) Of Persia and of Lud and of Phut.--Tyre, like most commercial nations, depended chiefly on mercenaries for the rank and file of its army. Persia, more anciently called Elam, was just now rising into prominence. Its soldiers were probably obtained by the Tyrians from their commerce in the Persian Gulf. Lud is not the one mentioned among the children of Shem (Genesis 10:22), but the Ludim (Lydians) of Hamite family, descended from Mizraim (Genesis 10:13). Phut was also an African tribe (Genesis 10:6). Both are repeatedly mentioned on the Egyptian monuments as furnishing mercenaries to the army.

Verse 10. - Persia. The name does not meet us in any Old Testament book before the exile, Elam taking its place. It was just about the time that Ezekiel wrote that the Persians were becoming conspicuous through their alliance with the Modes. So we find it again in Ezekiel 38:5; Daniel 5:28; Daniel 8:20; 2 Chronicles 36:20, 22; Ezra 1:1; Ezra 4:5; Esther 1:3. Here they are named as mercenaries in the Tyrian army. Lud. The LXX. and the Vulgate, led by the similarity of sound, give Lydians. In Genesis 10:13 the Ludim appear as descendants of Mizraim, while Lud in Genesis 10:22 is joined with Elam and Asshur as among the sons of Shem. Its combination with "Phut" (i.e. Libya) here and in Jeremiah 46:9 is in favor of its referring to an African nation (comp. also Ezekiel 30:5; Isaiah 66:19). Phut. Both the LXX. and the Vulgate give Libyans. In Genesis 10:6 the name is joined with Cash and Mizraim. The Lubim (Libyans) are named as forming part of Shishak's army in 2 Chronicles 12:3; 2 Chronicles 16:8, and in Nahum 3:9 and Jeremiah 46:9 as closely allied with the Egyptians. Ezekiel names Phut again as sharing in the fall of Tyre (Ezekiel 30:5), and as serving in the army of Gog (Ezekiel 38:5). Mr. R. S. Peele is inclined to identify them with the Nubians.

Parallel Commentaries ...


Hebrew
Men
אַנְשֵׁ֖י (’an·šê)
Noun - masculine plural construct
Strong's 376: A man as an individual, a male person

of Persia,
פָּרַ֨ס (pā·ras)
Noun - proper - feminine singular
Strong's 6539: Persia -- a country in west Asia which conquered Babylon

Lydia,
וְל֤וּד (wə·lūḏ)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 3865: Lud -- a son of Shem, also his descendants and their land

and Put
וּפוּט֙ (ū·p̄ūṭ)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - proper - feminine singular
Strong's 6316: Put -- a son of Ham, also his descendants and their land

served
הָי֣וּ (hā·yū)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - third person common plural
Strong's 1961: To fall out, come to pass, become, be

as warriors
מִלְחַמְתֵּ֑ךְ (mil·ḥam·têḵ)
Noun - feminine singular construct | second person feminine singular
Strong's 4421: A battle, war

in your army.
בְחֵילֵ֔ךְ (ḇə·ḥê·lêḵ)
Preposition-b | Noun - masculine singular construct | second person feminine singular
Strong's 2428: A force, an army, wealth, virtue, valor, strength

They hung
תִּלּוּ־ (til·lū-)
Verb - Piel - Perfect - third person common plural
Strong's 8518: To suspend

shields
מָגֵ֤ן (mā·ḡên)
Noun - common singular
Strong's 4043: A shield, a protector, the scaly hide of the crocodile

and helmets
וְכוֹבַע֙ (wə·ḵō·w·ḇa‘)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's 3553: A helmet

on your walls;
בָ֔ךְ (ḇāḵ)
Preposition | second person feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew

they
הֵ֖מָּה (hêm·māh)
Pronoun - third person masculine plural
Strong's 1992: They

gave
נָתְנ֥וּ (nā·ṯə·nū)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - third person common plural
Strong's 5414: To give, put, set

you splendor.
הֲדָרֵֽךְ׃ (hă·ḏā·rêḵ)
Noun - masculine singular construct | second person feminine singular
Strong's 1926: Magnificence, ornament, splendor


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OT Prophets: Ezekiel 27:10 Persia and Lud and Put were (Ezek. Eze Ezk)
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