Job 34:14
New International Version
If it were his intention and he withdrew his spirit and breath,

New Living Translation
If God were to take back his spirit and withdraw his breath,

English Standard Version
If he should set his heart to it and gather to himself his spirit and his breath,

Berean Study Bible
If He were to set His heart to it and withdraw His Spirit and breath,

King James Bible
If he set his heart upon man, if he gather unto himself his spirit and his breath;

New King James Version
If He should set His heart on it, If He should gather to Himself His Spirit and His breath,

New American Standard Bible
“If He were to determine to do so, If He were to gather His spirit and His breath to Himself,

NASB 1995
"If He should determine to do so, If He should gather to Himself His spirit and His breath,

NASB 1977
“If He should determine to do so, If He should gather to Himself His spirit and His breath,

Amplified Bible
“If God should determine to do so, If He should gather to Himself [that is, withdraw from man] His [life-giving] spirit and His breath,

Christian Standard Bible
If he put his mind to it and withdrew the spirit and breath he gave,

Holman Christian Standard Bible
If He put His mind to it and withdrew the spirit and breath He gave,

American Standard Version
If he set his heart upon himself, If he gather unto himself his spirit and his breath;

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
If he turns his heart against it, his spirit and his soul are gathered to him

Brenton Septuagint Translation
For if he would confine, and restrain his spirit with himself;

Contemporary English Version
If God took back the breath that he breathed into us,

Douay-Rheims Bible
If he turn his heart to him, he shall draw his spirit and breath unto himself.

English Revised Version
If he set his heart upon man, if he gather unto himself his spirit and his breath;

Good News Translation
If God took back the breath of life,

GOD'S WORD® Translation
If he thought only of himself and withdrew his Spirit and his breath,

International Standard Version
If he were to decide to do so, that is, to take back to himself his spirit and breath of life,

JPS Tanakh 1917
If He set His heart upon man, If He gather unto Himself his spirit and his breath;

Literal Standard Version
If He sets His heart on him, "" [If] He gathers His Spirit and His breath to Himself,

NET Bible
If God were to set his heart on it, and gather in his spirit and his breath,

New Heart English Bible
If he set his heart on himself, If he gathered to himself his spirit and his breath,

World English Bible
If he set his heart on himself, If he gathered to himself his spirit and his breath,

Young's Literal Translation
If He doth set on him His heart, His spirit and his breath unto Him He gathereth.

Additional Translations ...
Context
Elihu Confirms God's Justice
13Who gave Him charge over the earth? Who appointed Him over the whole world? 14If He were to set His heart to it and withdraw His Spirit and breath, 15all flesh would perish together and mankind would return to the dust.…

Cross References
Job 12:10
The life of every living thing is in His hand, as well as the breath of all mankind.

Psalm 90:3
You return man to dust, saying, "Return, O sons of mortals."

Psalm 104:29
When You hide Your face, they are terrified; when You take away their breath, they die and return to dust.

Ecclesiastes 12:7
before the dust returns to the ground from which it came and the spirit returns to God who gave it.


Treasury of Scripture

If he set his heart on man, if he gather to himself his spirit and his breath;

set

Job 7:17
What is man, that thou shouldest magnify him? and that thou shouldest set thine heart upon him?

Job 9:4
He is wise in heart, and mighty in strength: who hath hardened himself against him, and hath prospered?

upon man.

Psalm 104:29
Thou hidest thy face, they are troubled: thou takest away their breath, they die, and return to their dust.

Isaiah 24:22
And they shall be gathered together, as prisoners are gathered in the pit, and shall be shut up in the prison, and after many days shall they be visited.









(14) If he set his heart upon man.--Or, upon himself. It is ambiguous: and so, likewise, the next clause is. We must either regard it as the consequence of the former one--"If He set His heart upon Himself, had regard to His own interest, then He would gather unto Himself His own spirit and His own breath"--or we must do as some do: supply the "if" at the beginning of it, and read it as in the Authorised Version. In this sense, the setting His heart upon man would mean in a bad sense--to do him injury. In doing him injury He would, in fact, injure His own. The effect of His setting His heart on man would be that all flesh would perish together, and man would turn again to his dust; but then God would have injured His own, and not another's, in so doing. It is hardly possible that the writer of this last clause should have been ignorant of Genesis 3:19. The speech of Elihu is marked with entire self-confidence.

Verse 14. - If he set his heart upon man, if he gather unto himself his spirit and his breath. Two renderings are proposed, both supported By about equal authority:

(1) "If he (i.e. God) set his heart upon himself, if he should gather to himself his own spirit, and breath," then all flesh would perish, etc.

(2) "If he [i.e. God] set his heart upon [or, 'against'] man, if he were to gather to himself man's spirit and man's breath," then, etc. The difference is not great. God could, either by withdrawing from man the breath and spirit which he has given him, or simply by withholding from man the quickening and sustaining influences which he is perpetually putting forth, reduce all humankind to nothingness. Being so completely master of man, he would surely not condescend to treat him with injustice. Injustice implies something of opposition, struggle, rivalry.

Parallel Commentaries ...


Lexicon
If
אִם־ (’im-)
Conjunction
Strong's Hebrew 518: Lo!, whether?, if, although, Oh that!, when, not

He were to set
יָשִׂ֣ים (yā·śîm)
Verb - Qal - Imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 7760: Put -- to put, place, set

His heart
לִבּ֑וֹ (lib·bōw)
Noun - masculine singular construct | third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3820: The heart, the feelings, the will, the intellect, centre

to it
אֵלָ֣יו (’ê·lāw)
Preposition | third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 413: Near, with, among, to

and withdraw
יֶאֱסֹֽף׃ (ye·’ĕ·sōp̄)
Verb - Qal - Imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 622: To gather for, any purpose, to receive, take away, remove

His Spirit
רוּח֥וֹ (rū·ḥōw)
Noun - common singular construct | third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 7307: Wind, breath, exhalation, life, anger, unsubstantiality, a region of the sky, spirit

and breath,
וְ֝נִשְׁמָת֗וֹ (wə·niš·mā·ṯōw)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - feminine singular construct | third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 5397: A puff, wind, angry, vital breath, divine inspiration, intellect, an animal


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OT Poetry: Job 34:14 If he set his heart on himself (Jb)
Job 34:13
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