Proverbs 17:11
New International Version
Evildoers foster rebellion against God; the messenger of death will be sent against them.

New Living Translation
Evil people are eager for rebellion, but they will be severely punished.

English Standard Version
An evil man seeks only rebellion, and a cruel messenger will be sent against him.

Berean Study Bible
An evil man seeks only rebellion; so a cruel messenger will be sent against him.

New American Standard Bible
A rebellious man seeks only evil, So a cruel messenger will be sent against him.

King James Bible
An evil man seeketh only rebellion: therefore a cruel messenger shall be sent against him.

Christian Standard Bible
An evil person desires only rebellion; a cruel messenger will be sent against him.

Contemporary English Version
Cruel people want to rebel, and so vicious attackers will be sent against them.

Good News Translation
Death will come like a cruel messenger to wicked people who are always stirring up trouble.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
An evil man seeks only rebellion; a cruel messenger will be sent against him.

International Standard Version
A rebellious person seeks evil; a cruel emissary will be sent to oppose him.

NET Bible
An evil person seeks only rebellion, and so a cruel messenger will be sent against him.

New Heart English Bible
An evil man seeks only rebellion; therefore a cruel messenger shall be sent against him.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
A contentious man seeks evil and a merciless messenger is sent upon him.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
A rebel looks for nothing but evil. Therefore, a cruel messenger will be sent [to punish] him.

JPS Tanakh 1917
A rebellious man seeketh only evil; Therefore a cruel messenger shall be sent against him.

New American Standard 1977
A rebellious man seeks only evil, So a cruel messenger will be sent against him.

Jubilee Bible 2000
The rebellious man seeks only evil; therefore a cruel messenger shall be sent against him.

King James 2000 Bible
An evil man seeks only rebellion: therefore a cruel messenger shall be sent against him.

American King James Version
An evil man seeks only rebellion: therefore a cruel messenger shall be sent against him.

American Standard Version
An evil man seeketh only rebellion; Therefore a cruel messenger shall be sent against him.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
Every bad man stirs up strifes: but the Lord will send out against him an unmerciful messenger.

Douay-Rheims Bible
An evil man always seeketh quarrels: but a cruel angel shall be sent against him.

Darby Bible Translation
An evil [man] seeketh only rebellion; but a cruel messenger shall be sent against him.

English Revised Version
An evil man seeketh only rebellion; therefore a cruel messenger shall be sent against him.

Webster's Bible Translation
An evil man seeketh only rebellion: therefore a cruel messenger shall be sent against him.

World English Bible
An evil man seeks only rebellion; therefore a cruel messenger shall be sent against him.

Young's Literal Translation
An evil man seeketh only rebellion, And a fierce messenger is sent against him.
Study Bible
Better a Dry Morsel in Quietness
10A rebuke affects a man of discernment more than a hundred lashes to a fool. 11An evil man seeks only rebellion; so a cruel messenger will be sent against him. 12It is better to meet a bear robbed of her cubs than a fool in his folly.…
Cross References
Proverbs 17:10
A rebuke affects a man of discernment more than a hundred lashes to a fool.

Proverbs 17:12
It is better to meet a bear robbed of her cubs than a fool in his folly.

Treasury of Scripture

An evil man seeks only rebellion: therefore a cruel messenger shall be sent against him.

2 Samuel 15:12
And Absalom sent for Ahithophel the Gilonite, David's counseller, from his city, even from Giloh, while he offered sacrifices. And the conspiracy was strong; for the people increased continually with Absalom.

2 Samuel 16:5-9
And when king David came to Bahurim, behold, thence came out a man of the family of the house of Saul, whose name was Shimei, the son of Gera: he came forth, and cursed still as he came…

2 Samuel 18:15,19
And ten young men that bare Joab's armour compassed about and smote Absalom, and slew him…







Lexicon
An evil [man]
רָ֑ע (rā‘)
Adjective - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 7451: Bad, evil

seeks
יְבַקֶּשׁ־ (yə·ḇaq·qeš-)
Verb - Piel - Imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1245: To search out, to strive after

only
אַךְ־ (’aḵ-)
Adverb
Strong's Hebrew 389: A particle of affirmation, surely

rebellion;
מְרִ֥י (mə·rî)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 4805: Bitterness, rebellion, bitter, rebellious

so a cruel
אַ֝כְזָרִ֗י (’aḵ·zā·rî)
Adjective - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 394: Terrible

messenger
וּמַלְאָ֥ךְ (ū·mal·’āḵ)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 4397: A messenger, of God, an angel

will be sent against him.
יְשֻׁלַּח־ (yə·šul·laḥ-)
Verb - Pual - Imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 7971: To send away, for, out
(11) An evil man seeketh only rebellion.--Or. A rebellious man (literally, rebellion; comp. Ezekiel 2:7) seeketh only evil.

A cruel messenger.--Such as the "chief of the executioners" (margin of Genesis 37:36), who was always ready to carry out the bidding of an Oriental king. (Comp. 1Kings 2:34; 1Kings 2:46.) The ministers of the Divine wrath against impenitent sinners appear as "tormentors" in Matthew 18:34. (For the office of the angels in the same work, comp. Revelation 8:6, sqq.)

Verse 11. - An evil man seeketh only rebellion. So the Greek and Latin Versions; but, as Nowack intimates, a bad man seeks many other things which do not come directly in the category of rebellion; and it is better to take meri, "rebellion," as the subject, regarding it as put for the concrete, thus: "A rebellious man striveth only for what is evil." From the point of view of an Eastern potentate, this is true enough. Absolute government looks upon any rising against constituted authority, any movement in the masses, as necessarily evil, and to be repressed with a high hand. Hence the succeeding clause. Therefore a cruel messenger shall be sent against him. The "cruel messenger" (Proverbs 16:14) is the executioner of the king's wrath (comp. 1 Kings 2:29, etc.). He is called "cruel" because his errand is deadly, and he is pitiless in its performance. This seems to be the sense intended. The LXX. gives a different notion, derived from the ambiguous term malak, like the Greek ἄγγελος: "The Lord will send forth a pitiless angel against him." The verse then becomes a statement concerning the retribution inflicted by God on obstinate sinners, such as Pharaoh and the Egyptians. These are delivered over to "the tormentors" (Matthew 18:34), the angels that execute the wrath of God, as in Psalm 78:49 and Revelation 8:6, etc. As all sin is rebellion against God, it is natural to read into the passage a religious meaning, and for homiletical purposes it is legitimate to do so. But the writer's intention is doubtless as explained above, though his language may be divinely directed to afford a further application. 17:8. Those who set their hearts upon money, will do any thing for it. What influence should the gifts of God have on our hearts! 9. The way to preserve peace is to make the best of every thing; not to notice what has been said or done against ourselves. 10. A gentle reproof will enter, not only into the head, but into the heart of a wise man. 11. Satan, and the messengers of Satan, shall be let loose upon an evil man. 12. Let us watch over our own passions, and avoid the company of furious men. 13. To render evil for good is devilish. He that does so, brings a curse upon his family. 14. What danger there is in the beginning of strife! Resist its earliest display; and leave it off, if it were possible, before you begin. 15. It is an offence to God to acquit the guilty, or to condemn those who are not guilty. 16. Man's neglect of God's favour and his own interest is very absurd. 17. No change of outward circumstances should abate our affection for our friends or relatives. But no friend, except Christ, deserves unlimited confidence. In Him this text did receive, and still receives its most glorious fulfilment. 18. Let not any wrong their families. Yet Christ's becoming Surety for men, was a glorious display of Divine wisdom; for he was able to discharge the bond.
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