Romans 13:2
New International Version
Consequently, whoever rebels against the authority is rebelling against what God has instituted, and those who do so will bring judgment on themselves.

New Living Translation
So anyone who rebels against authority is rebelling against what God has instituted, and they will be punished.

English Standard Version
Therefore whoever resists the authorities resists what God has appointed, and those who resist will incur judgment.

Berean Study Bible
Consequently, whoever resists authority is opposing what God has set in place, and those who do so will bring judgment on themselves.

Berean Literal Bible
Therefore the one rebelling against the authority has resisted the ordinance of God, and those having resisted will bring judgment upon themselves.

King James Bible
Whosoever therefore resisteth the power, resisteth the ordinance of God: and they that resist shall receive to themselves damnation.

New King James Version
Therefore whoever resists the authority resists the ordinance of God, and those who resist will bring judgment on themselves.

New American Standard Bible
Therefore whoever resists authority has opposed the ordinance of God; and they who have opposed will receive condemnation upon themselves.

NASB 1995
Therefore whoever resists authority has opposed the ordinance of God; and they who have opposed will receive condemnation upon themselves.

NASB 1977
Therefore he who resists authority has opposed the ordinance of God; and they who have opposed will receive condemnation upon themselves.

Amplified Bible
Therefore whoever resists [governmental] authority resists the ordinance of God. And those who have resisted it will bring judgment (civil penalty) on themselves.

Christian Standard Bible
So then, the one who resists the authority is opposing God’s command, and those who oppose it will bring judgment on themselves.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
So then, the one who resists the authority is opposing God’s command, and those who oppose it will bring judgment on themselves.

American Standard Version
Therefore he that resisteth the power, withstandeth the ordinance of God: and they that withstand shall receive to themselves judgment.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
Whoever therefore stands against the authority stands against the decrees of God, and these who stand against them shall receive judgment.

Contemporary English Version
People who oppose the authorities are opposing what God has done, and they will be punished.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Therefore he that resisteth the power, resisteth the ordinance of God. And they that resist, purchase to themselves damnation.

English Revised Version
Therefore he that resisteth the power, withstandeth the ordinance of God: and they that withstand shall receive to themselves judgment.

Good News Translation
Whoever opposes the existing authority opposes what God has ordered; and anyone who does so will bring judgment on himself.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Therefore, whoever resists the government opposes what God has established. Those who resist will bring punishment on themselves.

International Standard Version
so that whoever resists the authorities opposes what God has established, and those who resist will bring judgment on themselves.

Literal Standard Version
so that he who is setting himself against the authority, has resisted against God’s ordinance; and those resisting will receive judgment to themselves.

NET Bible
So the person who resists such authority resists the ordinance of God, and those who resist will incur judgment

New Heart English Bible
Therefore he who resists the authority, withstands the ordinance of God; and those who withstand will receive to themselves judgment.

Weymouth New Testament
Therefore the man who rebels against his ruler is resisting God's will; and those who thus resist will bring punishment upon themselves.

World English Bible
Therefore he who resists the authority, withstands the ordinance of God; and those who withstand will receive to themselves judgment.

Young's Literal Translation
so that he who is setting himself against the authority, against God's ordinance hath resisted; and those resisting, to themselves shall receive judgment.

Additional Translations ...
Context
Submission to Authorities
1Everyone must submit himself to the governing authorities, for there is no authority except that which is from God. The authorities that exist have been appointed by God. 2Consequently, whoever resists authority is opposing what God has set in place, and those who do so will bring judgment on themselves. 3For rulers are not a terror to good conduct, but to bad. Do you want to be unafraid of the one in authority? Then do what is right, and you will have his approval.…

Cross References
Exodus 16:8
And Moses added, "The LORD will give you meat to eat this evening and bread to fill you in the morning, for He has heard your grumbling against Him. Who are we? Your grumblings are not against us but against the LORD."

Romans 9:19
One of you will say to me, "Then why does God still find fault? For who can resist His will?"

Romans 13:1
Everyone must submit himself to the governing authorities, for there is no authority except that which is from God. The authorities that exist have been appointed by God.

Romans 13:3
For rulers are not a terror to good conduct, but to bad. Do you want to be unafraid of the one in authority? Then do what is right, and you will have his approval.


Treasury of Scripture

Whoever therefore resists the power, resists the ordinance of God: and they that resist shall receive to themselves damnation.

power.

Jeremiah 23:8-17
But, The LORD liveth, which brought up and which led the seed of the house of Israel out of the north country, and from all countries whither I had driven them; and they shall dwell in their own land…

Jeremiah 44:14-17
So that none of the remnant of Judah, which are gone into the land of Egypt to sojourn there, shall escape or remain, that they should return into the land of Judah, to the which they have a desire to return to dwell there: for none shall return but such as shall escape…

Titus 3:1
Put them in mind to be subject to principalities and powers, to obey magistrates, to be ready to every good work,

ordinance.

Isaiah 58:2
Yet they seek me daily, and delight to know my ways, as a nation that did righteousness, and forsook not the ordinance of their God: they ask of me the ordinances of justice; they take delight in approaching to God.

1 Peter 2:13
Submit yourselves to every ordinance of man for the Lord's sake: whether it be to the king, as supreme;

receive.

Romans 13:5
Wherefore ye must needs be subject, not only for wrath, but also for conscience sake.

Matthew 23:14
Woe unto you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! for ye devour widows' houses, and for a pretence make long prayer: therefore ye shall receive the greater damnation.

Mark 12:40
Which devour widows' houses, and for a pretence make long prayers: these shall receive greater damnation.









(2) Damnation.--Condemnation--i.e., the sentence passed upon him by the judge or magistrate as God's representative.

Verses 2-5. - Whosoever therefore resisteth the power, withstandeth the ordinance of God: and they which withstand shall receive to themselves condemnation (i.e. really God's, operating through the human "power;" not meaning damnation in the common sense of the word). For rulers are not a terror to good works, but to the evil. Wilt thou then not be afraid of the power? do that which is good, and thou shalt have praise of the same. It is the theory of the laws of all civilized governments to uphold justice, and only to punish what is wrong; and in the main they do so. The principles of the Roman law were just, and Paul himself found protection from its officers and tribunals, whose fairness he had, and had reason to have, more confidence in than in the tender mercy of either Gentile or Jewish zealots (cf. Acts 19:35, seq.; 21:31, seq.; 22:30; 24:10; 25:10, 11; 26:30, seq.). As has been observed already, the Neronian persecutions had not yet begun. For he is the minister of God to thee for good. But if thou do that which is evil, be afraid; for he beareth not the sword in vain (though "the sword" might possibly be understood as only the familiar symbol of power, yet the mention of it may be taken to imply the apostle's recognition of the legitimacy of capital punishment, such as he also expressed distinctly, Acts 25:11): for he is the minister of God, an avenger to execute wrath upon him that doeth evil. Wrath here expresses the familiar idea of the Divine wrath against evil-doing, for the execution of which, in the sphere of human law, the magistrate is the appointed instrument (see note on Romans 12:19). Wherefore ye must needs be subject, not only for wrath, but also for conscience' sake. Not only for fear of penal consequences, but because it is your duty, whatever might ensue, to submit to the ordinance of God. Similarly, in 1 Peter 2:13, submission to every ordinance of man is enjoined "for the Lord's sake (διὰ τὸν Κύριον)."

Parallel Commentaries ...


Greek
Consequently,
ὥστε (hōste)
Conjunction
Strong's 5620: So that, therefore, so then, so as to. From hos and te; so too, i.e. Thus therefore.

the [one who]
(ho)
Article - Nominative Masculine Singular
Strong's 3588: The, the definite article. Including the feminine he, and the neuter to in all their inflections; the definite article; the.

resists
ἀντιτασσόμενος (antitassomenos)
Verb - Present Participle Middle - Nominative Masculine Singular
Strong's 498: From anti and the middle voice of tasso; to range oneself against, i.e. Oppose.

authority
ἐξουσίᾳ (exousia)
Noun - Dative Feminine Singular
Strong's 1849: From exesti; privilege, i.e. force, capacity, competency, freedom, or mastery, delegated influence.

is opposing
ἀνθέστηκεν (anthestēken)
Verb - Perfect Indicative Active - 3rd Person Singular
Strong's 436: To set against; I withstand, resist, oppose. From anti and histemi; to stand against, i.e. Oppose.

what
τῇ (tē)
Article - Dative Feminine Singular
Strong's 3588: The, the definite article. Including the feminine he, and the neuter to in all their inflections; the definite article; the.

God
Θεοῦ (Theou)
Noun - Genitive Masculine Singular
Strong's 2316: A deity, especially the supreme Divinity; figuratively, a magistrate; by Hebraism, very.

has set in place,
διαταγῇ (diatagē)
Noun - Dative Feminine Singular
Strong's 1296: Ordaining, ordinance, disposition. From diatasso; arrangement, i.e. Institution.

and
δὲ (de)
Conjunction
Strong's 1161: A primary particle; but, and, etc.

those who
οἱ (hoi)
Article - Nominative Masculine Plural
Strong's 3588: The, the definite article. Including the feminine he, and the neuter to in all their inflections; the definite article; the.

[do so]
ἀνθεστηκότες (anthestēkotes)
Verb - Perfect Participle Active - Nominative Masculine Plural
Strong's 436: To set against; I withstand, resist, oppose. From anti and histemi; to stand against, i.e. Oppose.

will bring
λήμψονται (lēmpsontai)
Verb - Future Indicative Middle - 3rd Person Plural
Strong's 2983: (a) I receive, get, (b) I take, lay hold of.

judgment
κρίμα (krima)
Noun - Accusative Neuter Singular
Strong's 2917: From krino; a decision ('crime').

on themselves.
ἑαυτοῖς (heautois)
Reflexive Pronoun - Dative Masculine 3rd Person Plural
Strong's 1438: Himself, herself, itself.


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