Psalm 48:4
New International Version
When the kings joined forces, when they advanced together,

New Living Translation
The kings of the earth joined forces and advanced against the city.

English Standard Version
For behold, the kings assembled; they came on together.

Berean Study Bible
For behold, the kings assembled; they all advanced together.

New American Standard Bible
For, lo, the kings assembled themselves, They passed by together.

New King James Version
For behold, the kings assembled, They passed by together.

King James Bible
For, lo, the kings were assembled, they passed by together.

Christian Standard Bible
Look! The kings assembled; they advanced together.

Contemporary English Version
Kings joined forces to attack the city,

Good News Translation
The kings gathered together and came to attack Mount Zion.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Look! The kings assembled; they advanced together.

International Standard Version
Behold, when the kings assembled together, when they traveled together,

NET Bible
For look, the kings assemble; they advance together.

New Heart English Bible
For, look, the kings assembled themselves, they passed by together.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
For behold, Kings were prepared and they passed by together

GOD'S WORD® Translation
The kings have gathered. They marched together.

JPS Tanakh 1917
For, lo, the kings assembled themselves, They came onward together.

New American Standard 1977
For, lo, the kings assembled themselves, They passed by together.

Jubilee Bible 2000
For, behold, the kings were assembled, they passed by together.

King James 2000 Bible
For, lo, the kings were assembled, they passed by together.

American King James Version
For, see, the kings were assembled, they passed by together.

American Standard Version
For, lo, the kings assembled themselves, They passed by together.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
For, behold the kings of the earth were assembled, they came together.

Douay-Rheims Bible
For behold the kings of the earth assembled themselves: they gathered together.

Darby Bible Translation
For behold, the kings assembled themselves, they passed by together;

English Revised Version
For, lo, the kings assembled themselves, they passed by together.

Webster's Bible Translation
For lo, the kings were assembled, they passed by together.

World English Bible
For, behold, the kings assembled themselves, they passed by together.

Young's Literal Translation
For, lo, the kings met, they passed by together,
Study Bible
Broken Bondage
3God is in her citadels; He has shown Himself to be a fortress. 4For behold, the kings assembled; they all advanced together. 5They saw and were astounded; they fled in terror.…
Cross References
2 Samuel 10:6
When the Ammonites realized that they had become a stench to David, they hired twenty thousand Aramean foot soldiers from Beth-rehob and Zoba, as well as a thousand men from the king of Maacah and twelve thousand men from Tob.

2 Kings 7:7
Thus the Arameans had arisen and fled at twilight, abandoning their tents and horses and donkeys. The camp was intact, and they had run for their lives.

Psalm 2:2
The kings of the earth take their stand and the rulers gather together, against the LORD and against His Anointed One:

Treasury of Scripture

For, see, the kings were assembled, they passed by together.

Psalm 83:2-8
For, lo, thine enemies make a tumult: and they that hate thee have lifted up the head…

2 Samuel 10:6,14,16-19
And when the children of Ammon saw that they stank before David, the children of Ammon sent and hired the Syrians of Bethrehob, and the Syrians of Zoba, twenty thousand footmen, and of king Maacah a thousand men, and of Ishtob twelve thousand men…

Isaiah 7:1
And it came to pass in the days of Ahaz the son of Jotham, the son of Uzziah, king of Judah, that Rezin the king of Syria, and Pekah the son of Remaliah, king of Israel, went up toward Jerusalem to war against it, but could not prevail against it.







Lexicon
For
כִּֽי־ (kî-)
Conjunction
Strong's Hebrew 3588: A relative conjunction

behold,
הִנֵּ֣ה (hin·nêh)
Interjection
Strong's Hebrew 2009: Lo! behold!

the kings
הַ֭מְּלָכִים (ham·mə·lā·ḵîm)
Article | Noun - masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 4428: A king

assembled;
נֽוֹעֲד֑וּ (nō·w·‘ă·ḏū)
Verb - Nifal - Perfect - third person common plural
Strong's Hebrew 3259: To fix upon, to meet, to summon, to direct, to engage

they all advanced
עָבְר֥וּ (‘ā·ḇə·rū)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - third person common plural
Strong's Hebrew 5674: To pass over, through, or by, pass on

together.
יַחְדָּֽו׃ (yaḥ·dāw)
Adverb
Strong's Hebrew 3162: A unit, unitedly
(4) The kings.--With the striking picture of the advance and sudden collapse of a hostile expedition that follows, comp. Isaiah 10:28-34; possibly of the very same event.

The kings.--Evidently known to the writer, but, alas! matter of merest conjecture to us. Some suppose the kings of Ammon, Moab, and Edom, who attacked Jehoshaphat (2Chronicles 20:25); others, the tributary princes of Sennacherib. In his annals, as lately deciphered, this monarch speaks of setting up tributary kings or viceroys in Chaldaea, Phoenicia, and Philistia, after conquering these countries. (See Assyrian Discoveries, by George Smith, p. 303.) Others again, referring the psalm to the time of Ahaz, understand Pekah and Rezin (2Kings 15:37). The touches, vivid as they are, of the picture, are not so historically defined as to allow a settlement of the question.

Assembled.--Used of the muster of confederate forces (Joshua 11:5).

Passed by--i.e., marched by. So, according to the time reading, the LXX. A frequent military term (Judges 11:29; 2Kings 8:21; Isaiah 8:8). Others, "passed away," but it is doubtful if the verb can have this meaning.

Together.--Notice the parallelism, they came together, they passed by together.

Verse 4. - For lo, the kings were assembled; they passed by together. Some see in these "kings" Sennacherib's princes, who, according to him (Isaiah 10:8), were "altogether kings." But actual monarchs, each leading his own army, seem rather to be intended. 48:1-7 Jerusalem is the city of our God: none on earth render him due honour except the citizens of the spiritual Jerusalem. Happy the kingdom, the city, the family, the heart, in which God is great, in which he is all. There God is known. The clearer discoveries are made to us of the Lord and his greatness, the more it is expected that we should abound in his praises. The earth is, by sin, covered with deformity, therefore justly might that spot of ground, which was beautified with holiness, be called the joy of the whole earth; that which the whole earth has reason to rejoice in, that God would thus in very deed dwell with man upon the earth. The kings of the earth were afraid of it. Nothing in nature can more fitly represent the overthrow of heathenism by the Spirit of the gospel, than the wreck of a fleet in a storm. Both are by the mighty power of the Lord.
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OT Poetry: Psalm 48:4 For behold the kings assembled themselves they (Psalm Ps Psa.) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools
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