2 Samuel 4:1
New International Version
When Ish-Bosheth son of Saul heard that Abner had died in Hebron, he lost courage, and all Israel became alarmed.

New Living Translation
When Ishbosheth, Saul’s son, heard about Abner’s death at Hebron, he lost all courage, and all Israel became paralyzed with fear.

English Standard Version
When Ish-bosheth, Saul’s son, heard that Abner had died at Hebron, his courage failed, and all Israel was dismayed.

Berean Study Bible
Now when Ish-bosheth son of Saul heard that Abner had died in Hebron, he lost courage, and all Israel was dismayed.

King James Bible
And when Saul's son heard that Abner was dead in Hebron, his hands were feeble, and all the Israelites were troubled.

New King James Version
When Saul’s son heard that Abner had died in Hebron, he lost heart, and all Israel was troubled.

New American Standard Bible
Now when Ish-bosheth, Saul’s son, heard that Abner had died in Hebron, his courage failed, and all Israel was horrified.

NASB 1995
Now when Ish-bosheth, Saul’s son, heard that Abner had died in Hebron, he lost courage, and all Israel was disturbed.

NASB 1977
Now when Ish-bosheth, Saul’s son, heard that Abner had died in Hebron, he lost courage, and all Israel was disturbed.

Amplified Bible
When Saul’s son Ish-bosheth [king of Israel], heard that Abner had died in Hebron, he lost courage, and all Israel was horrified.

Christian Standard Bible
When Saul’s son Ish-bosheth heard that Abner had died in Hebron, he gave up, and all Israel was dismayed.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
When Saul’s son Ish-bosheth heard that Abner had died in Hebron, his courage failed, and all Israel was dismayed.

American Standard Version
And when Ish-bosheth , Saul's son, heard that Abner was dead in Hebron, his hands became feeble, and all the Israelites were troubled.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
And Ashbashul, son of Shaul, heard that Abnir was dead in Khebruun, and their hands were paralyzed, and all Israel were troubled

Brenton Septuagint Translation
And Jebosthe the son of Saul heard that Abenner the son of Ner had died in Chebron; and his hands were paralyzed, and all the men of Israel grew faint.

Contemporary English Version
Ishbosheth felt like giving up after he heard that Abner had died in Hebron. Everyone in Israel was terrified.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And Isboseth the son of Saul heard that Abner was slain in Hebron: and his hands were weakened, and all Israel was troubled.

English Revised Version
And when Ish-bosheth, Saul's son, heard that Abner was dead in Hebron, his hands became feeble, and all the Israelites were troubled.

Good News Translation
When Saul's son Ishbosheth heard that Abner had been killed in Hebron, he was afraid, and all the people of Israel were alarmed.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
When Saul's son Ishbosheth heard that Abner had died in Hebron, he lost his courage, and all Israel was alarmed.

International Standard Version
When Saul's son heard that Abner had died in Hebron, his courage failed and all of Israel was disturbed.

JPS Tanakh 1917
And when Saul's son heard that Abner was dead in Hebron, his hands became feeble, and all the Israelites were affrighted.

Literal Standard Version
And the son of Saul hears that Abner [is] dead in Hebron, and his hands are feeble, and all of Israel has been troubled.

NET Bible
When Ish-bosheth the son of Saul heard that Abner had died in Hebron, he was very disheartened, and all Israel was afraid.

New Heart English Bible
Now when Ishbaal, Saul's son, heard that Abner was dead in Hebron, he lost courage, and all Israel was troubled.

World English Bible
When [Ishbosheth], Saul's son, heard that Abner was dead in Hebron, his hands became feeble, and all the Israelites were troubled.

Young's Literal Translation
And the son of Saul heareth that Abner is dead in Hebron, and his hands are feeble, and all Israel have been troubled.

Additional Translations ...
Context
The Murder of Ish-bosheth
1Now when Ish-bosheth son of Saul heard that Abner had died in Hebron, he lost courage, and all Israel was dismayed. 2Saul’s son had two men who were leaders of raiding parties. One was named Baanah and the other Rechab; they were sons of Rimmon the Beerothite of the tribe of Benjamin—Beeroth is considered part of Benjamin,…

Cross References
2 Samuel 2:8
Meanwhile, Abner son of Ner, the commander of Saul's army, took Saul's son Ish-bosheth, moved him to Mahanaim,

2 Samuel 3:27
When Abner returned to Hebron, Joab pulled him aside into the gateway, as if to speak to him privately, and there Joab stabbed him in the stomach. So Abner died on account of the blood of Joab's brother Asahel.

Ezra 4:4
Then the people of the land set out to discourage the people of Judah and make them afraid to build.


Treasury of Scripture

And when Saul's son heard that Abner was dead in Hebron, his hands were feeble, and all the Israelites were troubled.

his hands

2 Samuel 17:2
And I will come upon him while he is weary and weak handed, and will make him afraid: and all the people that are with him shall flee; and I will smite the king only:

Ezra 4:4
Then the people of the land weakened the hands of the people of Judah, and troubled them in building,

Nehemiah 6:9
For they all made us afraid, saying, Their hands shall be weakened from the work, that it be not done. Now therefore, O God, strengthen my hands.

and all

Matthew 2:2,3
Saying, Where is he that is born King of the Jews? for we have seen his star in the east, and are come to worship him…









IV.

(1) All the Israelites were troubled.--The death of Abner affected both Ish-bosheth and his people. For the former, "his hands were feeble," the whole support and strength of his throne being gone; the latter were "troubled" because they had been carrying on negotiations with David through Abner, and these were now thrown into confusion, and it became uncertain how they might result.



Parallel Commentaries ...


Hebrew
Now when [Ish-bosheth] son
בֶּן־ (ben-)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's 1121: A son

of Saul
שָׁא֗וּל (šā·’ūl)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 7586: Saul -- first king of Israel, also an Edomite and two Israelites

heard
וַיִּשְׁמַ֣ע (way·yiš·ma‘)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's 8085: To hear intelligently

that
כִּ֣י (kî)
Conjunction
Strong's 3588: A relative conjunction

Abner
אַבְנֵר֙ (’aḇ·nêr)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 74: Abner -- 'my father is a lamp', an Israelite name

had died
מֵ֤ת (mêṯ)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's 4191: To die, to kill

in Hebron,
בְּחֶבְר֔וֹן (bə·ḥeḇ·rō·wn)
Preposition-b | Noun - proper - feminine singular
Strong's 2275: Hebron -- 'association, league', a city in southern Judah

he lost
וַיִּרְפּ֖וּ (way·yir·pū)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine plural
Strong's 7503: Sink, relax

courage,
יָדָ֑יו (yā·ḏāw)
Noun - fdc | third person masculine singular
Strong's 3027: A hand

and all
וְכָל־ (wə·ḵāl)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's 3605: The whole, all, any, every

Israel
יִשְׂרָאֵ֖ל (yiś·rā·’êl)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 3478: Israel -- 'God strives', another name of Jacob and his desc

was dismayed.
נִבְהָֽלוּ׃ (niḇ·hā·lū)
Verb - Nifal - Perfect - third person common plural
Strong's 926: To tremble inwardly, be, alarmed, agitated, to hasten anxiously


Jump to Previous
Abner Affrighted Courage Dead Died Dismayed Disturbed Enfeebled Failed Feeble Hands Heard Heareth Hebron Ishbosheth Ish-Bosheth Ish-Bo'sheth Israel Israelites Lost News Saul Saul's Troubled
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Abner Affrighted Courage Dead Died Dismayed Disturbed Enfeebled Failed Feeble Hands Heard Heareth Hebron Ishbosheth Ish-Bosheth Ish-Bo'sheth Israel Israelites Lost News Saul Saul's Troubled
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OT History: 2 Samuel 4:1 When Ishbosheth Saul's son heard that Abner (2Sa iiSam 2 Sam ii sam)
2 Samuel 3:39
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