Daniel 5:19
New International Version
Because of the high position he gave him, all the nations and peoples of every language dreaded and feared him. Those the king wanted to put to death, he put to death; those he wanted to spare, he spared; those he wanted to promote, he promoted; and those he wanted to humble, he humbled.

New Living Translation
He made him so great that people of all races and nations and languages trembled before him in fear. He killed those he wanted to kill and spared those he wanted to spare. He honored those he wanted to honor and disgraced those he wanted to disgrace.

English Standard Version
And because of the greatness that he gave him, all peoples, nations, and languages trembled and feared before him. Whom he would, he killed, and whom he would, he kept alive; whom he would, he raised up, and whom he would, he humbled.

Berean Study Bible
Because of the greatness that He bestowed on him, the people of every nation and language trembled in fear before him. He killed whom he wished and kept alive whom he wished; he exalted whom he wished and humbled whom he wished.

King James Bible
And for the majesty that he gave him, all people, nations, and languages, trembled and feared before him: whom he would he slew; and whom he would he kept alive; and whom he would he set up; and whom he would he put down.

New King James Version
And because of the majesty that He gave him, all peoples, nations, and languages trembled and feared before him. Whomever he wished, he executed; whomever he wished, he kept alive; whomever he wished, he set up; and whomever he wished, he put down.

New American Standard Bible
Now because of the greatness which He granted him, all the peoples, nations, and populations of all languages trembled and feared in his presence; whomever he wished, he killed, and whomever he wished, he spared alive; and whomever he wished he elevated, and whomever he wished he humbled.

NASB 1995
“Because of the grandeur which He bestowed on him, all the peoples, nations and men of every language feared and trembled before him; whomever he wished he killed and whomever he wished he spared alive; and whomever he wished he elevated and whomever he wished he humbled.

NASB 1977
“And because of the grandeur which He bestowed on him, all the peoples, nations, and men of every language feared and trembled before him; whomever he wished he killed, and whomever he wished he spared alive; and whomever he wished he elevated, and whomever he wished he humbled.

Amplified Bible
and because of the greatness that He gave him, all the peoples, nations, and speakers of every language trembled and feared him. Whomever he wished he killed, and whomever he wished he kept alive; whomever he wished he promoted and whomever he wished he humbled.

Christian Standard Bible
Because of the greatness he gave him, all peoples, nations, and languages were terrified and fearful of him. He killed anyone he wanted and kept alive anyone he wanted; he exalted anyone he wanted and humbled anyone he wanted.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Because of the greatness He gave him, all peoples, nations, and languages were terrified and fearful of him. He killed anyone he wanted and kept alive anyone he wanted; he exalted anyone he wanted and humbled anyone he wanted.

American Standard Version
and because of the greatness that he gave him, all the peoples, nations, and languages trembled and feared before him: whom he would he slew, and whom he would he kept alive; and whom he would he raised up, and whom he would he put down.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
And from the greatness that he had given to him, all the nations and peoples and languages were shaken and afraid before him. He killed those whom he wished, and those whom he wished he let live, and whom he wished, he exalted, and whom he wished, he put down

Brenton Septuagint Translation
and by reason of the majesty which he gave to him, all nations, tribes, and languages trembled and feared before him: whom he would he slew; and whom he would he smote; and whom he would he exalted; and whom he would he abased.

Contemporary English Version
God did such great things for him that people of all nations and races shook with fear. Your father had the power of life or death over everyone, and he could honor or ruin anyone he chose.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And for the greatness that he gave to him, all people, tribes, and languages trembled, and were afraid of him: whom he would, he slew: and whom he would, he destroyed: and whom he would, he set up: and whom he would, he brought down.

English Revised Version
and because of the greatness that he gave him, all the peoples, nations, and languages trembled and feared before him: whom he would he slew, and whom he would he kept alive; and whom he would he raised up, and whom he would he put down.

Good News Translation
He was so great that people of all nations, races, and languages were afraid of him and trembled. If he wanted to kill someone, he did; if he wanted to keep someone alive, he did. He honored or disgraced anyone he wanted to.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
People from every province, nation, and language trembled and were terrified by him, because God gave him power. Nebuchadnezzar killed whomever he wanted to kill, and he kept alive whomever he wanted to keep alive. He promoted whomever he wanted to promote, and he demoted whomever he wanted to demote.

International Standard Version
And because of the greatness that he gave him, all peoples, nations, and languages revered and feared him. He executed those whom he desired to execute, he spared those whom he wished to spare, he promoted those whom he desired to promote, and he humbled those whom he wished to humble.

JPS Tanakh 1917
and because of the greatness that He gave him, all the peoples, nations, and languages trembled and feared before him: whom he would he slew, and whom he would he kept alive; and whom he would he raised up, and whom he would he put down.

Literal Standard Version
and because of the greatness that He gave to him, all peoples, nations, and languages were trembling and fearing before him: whom he willed he was slaying, and whom he willed he was keeping alive, and whom he willed he was raising up, and whom he willed he was making low;

NET Bible
Due to the greatness that he bestowed on him, all peoples, nations, and language groups were trembling with fear before him. He killed whom he wished, he spared whom he wished, he exalted whom he wished, and he brought low whom he wished.

New Heart English Bible
And because of the greatness that he gave him, all the peoples, nations, and languages trembled and feared before him. Whom he would he killed, and whom he would he kept alive; and whom he would he raised up, and whom he would he put down.

World English Bible
and because of the greatness that he gave him, all the peoples, nations, and languages trembled and feared before him: whom he would he killed, and whom he would he kept alive; and whom he would he raised up, and whom he would he put down.

Young's Literal Translation
and because of the greatness that He gave to him, all peoples, nations, and languages were trembling and fearing before him: whom he willed he was slaying, and whom he willed he was keeping alive, and whom he willed he was raising up, and whom he willed he was making low;

Additional Translations ...
Context
Daniel Interprets the Handwriting
18As for you, O king, the Most High God gave your father Nebuchadnezzar sovereignty and greatness, glory and honor. 19Because of the greatness that He bestowed on him, the people of every nation and language trembled in fear before him. He killed whom he wished and kept alive whom he wished; he exalted whom he wished and humbled whom he wished. 20But when his heart became arrogant and his spirit was hardened with pride, he was deposed from his royal throne, and his glory was taken from him.…

Cross References
Revelation 5:9
And they sang a new song: "Worthy are You to take the scroll and open its seals, because You were slain, and by Your blood You purchased for God those from every tribe and tongue and people and nation.

2 Kings 25:28
And he spoke kindly to Jehoiachin and set his throne above the thrones of the other kings who were with him in Babylon.

Ezekiel 31:11
I delivered it into the hand of the ruler of the nations, for him to deal with it according to its wickedness. I have banished it.

Daniel 2:12
This response made the king so furious with anger that he gave orders to destroy all the wise men of Babylon.

Daniel 2:13
So the decree went out that the wise men were to be executed, and men went to look for Daniel and his friends to execute them.

Daniel 3:6
And whoever does not fall down and worship will immediately be thrown into the blazing fiery furnace."

Daniel 4:17
This decision is the decree of the watchers, the verdict declared by the holy ones, so that the living will know that the Most High rules over the kingdom of mankind and gives it to whom He wishes, setting over it the lowliest of men.'


Treasury of Scripture

And for the majesty that he gave him, all people, nations, and languages, trembled and feared before him: whom he would he slew; and whom he would he kept alive; and whom he would he set up; and whom he would he put down.

that he.

Daniel 3:4
Then an herald cried aloud, To you it is commanded, O people, nations, and languages,

Daniel 4:22
It is thou, O king, that art grown and become strong: for thy greatness is grown, and reacheth unto heaven, and thy dominion to the end of the earth.

Jeremiah 25:9
Behold, I will send and take all the families of the north, saith the LORD, and Nebuchadrezzar the king of Babylon, my servant, and will bring them against this land, and against the inhabitants thereof, and against all these nations round about, and will utterly destroy them, and make them an astonishment, and an hissing, and perpetual desolations.

whom he would he slew.

Daniel 2:12,13
For this cause the king was angry and very furious, and commanded to destroy all the wise men of Babylon…

Daniel 3:6,20,29
And whoso falleth not down and worshippeth shall the same hour be cast into the midst of a burning fiery furnace…

Proverbs 16:14
The wrath of a king is as messengers of death: but a wise man will pacify it.











Parallel Commentaries ...


Hebrew
Because of
וּמִן־ (ū·min-)
Conjunctive waw | Preposition
Strong's 4481: From, out of, by, by reason of, at, more than

the greatness
רְבוּתָא֙ (rə·ḇū·ṯā)
Noun - feminine singular determinate
Strong's 7238: Greatness

that
דִּ֣י (dî)
Pronoun - relative
Strong's 1768: Who, which, that, because

He bestowed
יְהַב־ (yə·haḇ-)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's 3052: To give, to put, imperatively, come

on him,
לֵ֔הּ (lêh)
Preposition | third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew

all
כֹּ֣ל (kōl)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's 3606: The whole, all, any, every

peoples,
עַֽמְמַיָּ֗א (‘am·may·yā)
Noun - masculine plural determinate
Strong's 5972: A people, a tribe, troops, attendants, a flock

nations,
אֻמַיָּא֙ (’u·may·yā)
Noun - feminine plural determinate
Strong's 524: A collection, community of persons

and [men of every] language
וְלִשָּׁ֣נַיָּ֔א (wə·liš·šā·nay·yā)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - masculine plural determinate
Strong's 3961: Speech, a nation

trembled
הֲו֛וֹ (hă·wōw)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - third person masculine plural
Strong's 1934: To become, come to pass, be

in fear
וְדָחֲלִ֖ין (wə·ḏā·ḥă·lîn)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Participle - masculine plural
Strong's 1763: To slink, to fear, be formidable

before him.
קֳדָמ֑וֹהִי (qo·ḏā·mō·w·hî)
Preposition | third person masculine singular
Strong's 6925: Before

He killed
קָטֵ֗ל (qā·ṭêl)
Verb - Qal - Participle - masculine singular
Strong's 6992: To kill

whom he wished
צָבֵ֜א (ṣā·ḇê)
Verb - Qal - Participle - masculine singular
Strong's 6634: To be inclined, desire, be pleased

and kept alive
מַחֵ֔א (ma·ḥê)
Verb - Hifil - Participle - masculine singular
Strong's 2418: To live

whom
דִּֽי־ (dî-)
Pronoun - relative
Strong's 1768: Who, which, that, because

he wished;
צָבֵא֙ (ṣā·ḇê)
Verb - Qal - Participle - masculine singular
Strong's 6634: To be inclined, desire, be pleased

he exalted
מָרִ֔ים (mā·rîm)
Verb - Hifil - Participle - masculine singular
Strong's 7313: To be high, to rise, raise

whom
וְדִֽי־ (wə·ḏî-)
Conjunctive waw | Pronoun - relative
Strong's 1768: Who, which, that, because

he wished
צָבֵא֙ (ṣā·ḇê)
Verb - Qal - Participle - masculine singular
Strong's 6634: To be inclined, desire, be pleased

and humbled
מַשְׁפִּֽיל׃ (maš·pîl)
Verb - Hifil - Participle - masculine singular
Strong's 8214: To depress, sink

whom
וְדִֽי־ (wə·ḏî-)
Conjunctive waw | Pronoun - relative
Strong's 1768: Who, which, that, because

he wished.
צָבֵ֖א (ṣā·ḇê)
Verb - Qal - Participle - masculine singular
Strong's 6634: To be inclined, desire, be pleased


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OT Prophets: Daniel 5:19 And because of the greatness that he (Dan. Da Dn)
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