Deuteronomy 19:18
New International Version
The judges must make a thorough investigation, and if the witness proves to be a liar, giving false testimony against a fellow Israelite,

New Living Translation
The judges must investigate the case thoroughly. If the accuser has brought false charges against his fellow Israelite,

English Standard Version
The judges shall inquire diligently, and if the witness is a false witness and has accused his brother falsely,

Berean Study Bible
The judges shall investigate thoroughly, and if the witness is proven to be a liar who has falsely accused his brother,

King James Bible
And the judges shall make diligent inquisition: and, behold, if the witness be a false witness, and hath testified falsely against his brother;

New King James Version
And the judges shall make careful inquiry, and indeed, if the witness is a false witness, who has testified falsely against his brother,

New American Standard Bible
And the judges shall investigate thoroughly, and if the witness is a false witness and he has testified against his brother falsely,

NASB 1995
“The judges shall investigate thoroughly, and if the witness is a false witness and he has accused his brother falsely,

NASB 1977
“And the judges shall investigate thoroughly; and if the witness is a false witness and he has accused his brother falsely,

Amplified Bible
The judges shall investigate thoroughly, and if the witness is a false witness, and he has accused his brother falsely,

Christian Standard Bible
The judges are to make a careful investigation, and if the witness turns out to be a liar who has falsely accused his brother,

Holman Christian Standard Bible
The judges are to make a careful investigation, and if the witness turns out to be a liar who has falsely accused his brother,

American Standard Version
and the judges shall make diligent inquisition: and, behold, if the witness be a false witness, and have testified falsely against his brother;

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
And the Judges shall search well and they shall see if he was seeking to testify a false testimony against his brother;

Brenton Septuagint Translation
And the judges shall make diligent inquiry, and, behold, if and unjust witness has borne unjust testimony; and has stood up against his brother;

Douay-Rheims Bible
And when after most diligent inquisition, they shall find that the false witness hath told a lie against his brother:

English Revised Version
and the judges shall make diligent inquisition: and, behold, if the witness be a false witness, and hath testified falsely against his brother;

Good News Translation
The judges will investigate the case thoroughly; and if you have made a false accusation,

GOD'S WORD® Translation
The judges must make a thorough investigation. If it is found that the witness lied when he testified against the other Israelite,

International Standard Version
The judges will investigate thoroughly. If the false witness lies in testifying against his relative,

JPS Tanakh 1917
And the judges shall inquire diligently; and, behold, if the witness be a false witness, and hath testified falsely against his brother;

Literal Standard Version
and the judges have searched diligently, and behold, the witness [is] a false witness who has testified a falsehood against his brother,

NET Bible
The judges will thoroughly investigate the matter, and if the witness should prove to be false and to have given false testimony against the accused,

New Heart English Bible
and the judges shall make diligent inquisition: and, look, if the witness is a false witness, and has testified falsely against his brother;

World English Bible
and the judges shall make diligent inquisition: and, behold, if the witness is a false witness, and has testified falsely against his brother;

Young's Literal Translation
and the judges have searched diligently, and lo, the witness is a false witness, a falsehood he hath testified against his brother:

Additional Translations ...
Context
The Testimony of Two or Three Witnesses
17both parties to the dispute must stand in the presence of the LORD, before the priests and judges who are in office at that time. 18The judges shall investigate thoroughly, and if the witness is proven to be a liar who has falsely accused his brother, 19you must do to him as he intended to do to his brother. So you must purge the evil from among you.…

Cross References
Deuteronomy 25:1
If there is a dispute between men, they are to go to court to be judged, so that the innocent may be acquitted and the guilty condemned.

Psalm 27:12
Do not hand me over to the will of my foes, for false witnesses rise up against me, breathing out violence.

Daniel 6:24
At the command of the king, the men who had falsely accused Daniel were brought and thrown into the den of lions--they and their children and wives. And before they had reached the bottom of the den, the lions overpowered them and crushed all their bones.


Treasury of Scripture

And the judges shall make diligent inquisition: and, behold, if the witness be a false witness, and has testified falsely against his brother;

diligent

Deuteronomy 13:14
Then shalt thou inquire, and make search, and ask diligently; and, behold, if it be truth, and the thing certain, that such abomination is wrought among you;

Deuteronomy 17:4
And it be told thee, and thou hast heard of it, and inquired diligently, and, behold, it be true, and the thing certain, that such abomination is wrought in Israel:

2 Chronicles 19:6,7
And said to the judges, Take heed what ye do: for ye judge not for man, but for the LORD, who is with you in the judgment…











Parallel Commentaries ...


Hebrew
The judges
הַשֹּׁפְטִ֖ים (haš·šō·p̄ə·ṭîm)
Article | Verb - Qal - Participle - masculine plural
Strong's 8199: To judge, pronounce sentence, to vindicate, punish, to govern, to litigate

shall investigate
וְדָרְשׁ֥וּ (wə·ḏā·rə·šū)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Conjunctive perfect - third person common plural
Strong's 1875: To tread, frequent, to follow, to seek, ask, to worship

thoroughly,
הֵיטֵ֑ב (hê·ṭêḇ)
Verb - Hifil - Infinitive absolute
Strong's 3190: To be good, well, glad, or pleasing

and if
וְהִנֵּ֤ה (wə·hin·nêh)
Conjunctive waw | Interjection
Strong's 2009: Lo! behold!

the witness
עֵֽד־ (‘êḏ-)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's 5707: A witness, testimony, a recorder, prince

is proven to be a liar
שֶׁ֙קֶר֙ (še·qer)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's 8267: Deception, disappointment, falsehood

who has falsely
שֶׁ֖קֶר (še·qer)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's 8267: Deception, disappointment, falsehood

accused
עָנָ֥ה (‘ā·nāh)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's 6030: To answer, respond

his brother,
בְאָחִֽיו׃ (ḇə·’ā·ḥîw)
Preposition-b | Noun - masculine singular construct | third person masculine singular
Strong's 251: A brother, )


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OT Law: Deuteronomy 19:18 And the judges shall make diligent inquisition: (Deut. De Du)
Deuteronomy 19:17
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