Deuteronomy 28:39
New International Version
You will plant vineyards and cultivate them but you will not drink the wine or gather the grapes, because worms will eat them.

New Living Translation
You will plant vineyards and care for them, but you will not drink the wine or eat the grapes, for worms will destroy the vines.

English Standard Version
You shall plant vineyards and dress them, but you shall neither drink of the wine nor gather the grapes, for the worm shall eat them.

Berean Study Bible
You will plant and cultivate vineyards, but will neither drink the wine nor gather the grapes, because worms will eat them.

King James Bible
Thou shalt plant vineyards, and dress them, but shalt neither drink of the wine, nor gather the grapes; for the worms shall eat them.

New King James Version
You shall plant vineyards and tend them, but you shall neither drink of the wine nor gather the grapes; for the worms shall eat them.

New American Standard Bible
You will plant and cultivate vineyards, but you will neither drink of the wine nor bring in the harvest, because the worm will eat it.

NASB 1995
“You shall plant and cultivate vineyards, but you will neither drink of the wine nor gather the grapes, for the worm will devour them.

NASB 1977
“You shall plant and cultivate vineyards, but you shall neither drink of the wine nor gather the grapes, for the worm shall devour them.

Amplified Bible
You will plant vineyards and cultivate them, but you will not drink the wine or gather the grapes, because the worm will eat them.

Christian Standard Bible
You will plant and cultivate vineyards but not drink the wine or gather the grapes, because worms will eat them.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
You will plant and cultivate vineyards but not drink the wine or gather the grapes, because worms will eat them.

American Standard Version
Thou shalt plant vineyards and dress them, but thou shalt neither drink of the wine, nor gather the grapes ; for the worm shall eat them.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
You will plant a vineyard and you will cultivate and you will not drink wine, and you will not gather because a worm eats it.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
Thou shalt plant a vineyard, and dress it, and shalt not drink the wine, neither shalt thou delight thyself with it, because the worm shall devour it.

Contemporary English Version
You will plant vineyards and work hard at taking care of them, but you won't gather any grapes, much less get any wine, because the vines themselves will be eaten by worms.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Thou shalt plant a vineyard, and dig it, and shalt not drink the wine, nor gather any thing thereof: because it shall be wasted with worms.

English Revised Version
Thou shalt plant vineyards and dress them, but thou shalt neither drink of the wine, nor gather the grapes; for the worm shall eat them.

Good News Translation
You will plant vineyards and take care of them, but you will not gather their grapes or drink wine from them, because worms will eat the vines.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
You will plant vineyards and take care of them, but you won't drink any wine or gather any grapes, because worms will eat them.

International Standard Version
You'll plant a vineyard, but you won't drink wine or harvest any grapes, because worms will consume it.

JPS Tanakh 1917
Thou shalt plant vineyards and dress them, but thou shalt neither drink of the wine, nor gather the grapes; for the worm shall eat them.

Literal Standard Version
you plant vineyards and have labored, but you do not drink wine, nor gather [grapes], for the worm consumes it;

NET Bible
You will plant vineyards and cultivate them, but you will not drink wine or gather in grapes, because worms will eat them.

New Heart English Bible
You shall plant vineyards and dress them, but you shall neither drink of the wine, nor harvest; for the worm shall eat them.

World English Bible
You shall plant vineyards and dress them, but you shall neither drink of the wine, nor gather [the grapes]; for the worm shall eat them.

Young's Literal Translation
vineyards thou dost plant, and hast laboured, and wine thou dost not drink nor gather, for the worm doth consume it;

Additional Translations ...
Context
The Curses of Disobedience
38You will sow much seed in the field but harvest little, because the locusts will consume it. 39You will plant and cultivate vineyards, but will neither drink the wine nor gather the grapes, because worms will eat them. 40You will have olive trees throughout your territory but will never anoint yourself with oil, because the olives will drop off.…

Cross References
Isaiah 5:10
For ten acres of vineyard will yield but a bath of wine, and a homer of seed only an ephah of grain."

Isaiah 17:10
For you have forgotten the God of your salvation and failed to remember the Rock of your refuge. Therefore, though you cultivate delightful plots and set out cuttings from exotic vines--

Isaiah 17:11
though on the day you plant you make them grow, and on that morning you help your seed sprout--yet the harvest will vanish on the day of disease and incurable pain.


Treasury of Scripture

You shall plant vineyards, and dress them, but shall neither drink of the wine, nor gather the grapes; for the worms shall eat them.

for the worms

Joel 1:4-7
That which the palmerworm hath left hath the locust eaten; and that which the locust hath left hath the cankerworm eaten; and that which the cankerworm hath left hath the caterpiller eaten…

Joel 2:2-4
A day of darkness and of gloominess, a day of clouds and of thick darkness, as the morning spread upon the mountains: a great people and a strong; there hath not been ever the like, neither shall be any more after it, even to the years of many generations…

Jonah 4:7
But God prepared a worm when the morning rose the next day, and it smote the gourd that it withered.









Verse 39. - Worms; probably the vine weevil, the convolvulus or involvulus of the Latin writers (Pliny, 'Nat. Hist.,' 17:47; Care, ' De Re Rust.,' c. 95; Plaut., 'Cistell.,' 4:2), the ἴξ er ἴψ of the Greeks (Bochart, 'Hieroz.,' pt. it. bk. 4. e. 27).

Parallel Commentaries ...


Hebrew
You will plant
תִּטַּ֖ע (tiṭ·ṭa‘)
Verb - Qal - Imperfect - second person masculine singular
Strong's 5193: To strike in, fix, to plant

and cultivate
וְעָבָ֑דְתָּ (wə·‘ā·ḇā·ḏə·tā)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Conjunctive perfect - second person masculine singular
Strong's 5647: To work, to serve, till, enslave

vineyards,
כְּרָמִ֥ים (kə·rā·mîm)
Noun - masculine plural
Strong's 3754: A garden, vineyard

but will neither
לֹֽא־ (lō-)
Adverb - Negative particle
Strong's 3808: Not, no

drink
תִשְׁתֶּה֙ (ṯiš·teh)
Verb - Qal - Imperfect - second person masculine singular
Strong's 8354: To imbibe

the wine
וְיַ֤יִן (wə·ya·yin)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's 3196: Wine, intoxication

nor
וְלֹ֣א (wə·lō)
Conjunctive waw | Adverb - Negative particle
Strong's 3808: Not, no

gather [the grapes],
תֶאֱגֹ֔ר (ṯe·’ĕ·ḡōr)
Verb - Qal - Imperfect - second person masculine singular
Strong's 103: To harvest

because
כִּ֥י (kî)
Conjunction
Strong's 3588: A relative conjunction

worms
הַתֹּלָֽעַת׃ (hat·tō·lā·‘aṯ)
Article | Noun - feminine singular
Strong's 8438: The crimson-grub, of the color, from it, cloths dyed therewith

will eat them.
תֹאכְלֶ֖נּוּ (ṯō·ḵə·len·nū)
Verb - Qal - Imperfect - third person feminine singular | third person masculine singular
Strong's 398: To eat


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OT Law: Deuteronomy 28:39 You shall plant vineyards and dress them (Deut. De Du)
Deuteronomy 28:38
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