Isaiah 17:10
New International Version
You have forgotten God your Savior; you have not remembered the Rock, your fortress. Therefore, though you set out the finest plants and plant imported vines,

New Living Translation
Why? Because you have turned from the God who can save you. You have forgotten the Rock who can hide you. So you may plant the finest grapevines and import the most expensive seedlings.

English Standard Version
For you have forgotten the God of your salvation and have not remembered the Rock of your refuge; therefore, though you plant pleasant plants and sow the vine-branch of a stranger,

Berean Study Bible
For you have forgotten the God of your salvation and failed to remember the Rock of your refuge. Therefore, though you cultivate delightful plots and set out cuttings from exotic vines—

King James Bible
Because thou hast forgotten the God of thy salvation, and hast not been mindful of the rock of thy strength, therefore shalt thou plant pleasant plants, and shalt set it with strange slips:

New King James Version
Because you have forgotten the God of your salvation, And have not been mindful of the Rock of your stronghold, Therefore you will plant pleasant plants And set out foreign seedlings;

New American Standard Bible
For you have forgotten the God of your salvation And have not remembered the rock of your refuge. Therefore you plant delightful plants And set them with vine shoots of a strange god.

NASB 1995
For you have forgotten the God of your salvation And have not remembered the rock of your refuge. Therefore you plant delightful plants And set them with vine slips of a strange god.

NASB 1977
For you have forgotten the God of your salvation And have not remembered the rock of your refuge. Therefore you plant delightful plants And set them with vine slips of a strange god.

Amplified Bible
Because you [Judah] have forgotten the God of your salvation And have not remembered the Rock of your Stronghold— Therefore you plant lovely plants And set the grounds with vine slips of a strange god,

Christian Standard Bible
For you have forgotten the God of your salvation, and you have failed to remember the rock of your strength; therefore you will plant beautiful plants and set out cuttings from exotic vines.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
For you have forgotten the God of your salvation, and you have failed to remember the rock of your strength; therefore you will plant beautiful plants and set out cuttings from exotic vines.

American Standard Version
For thou hast forgotten the God of thy salvation, and hast not been mindful of the rock of thy strength; therefore thou plantest pleasant plants, and settest it with strange slips.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
And you have ignored God your Savior and you have not remembered The Mighty One your Champion; because of this you shall plant a beautiful plant; with foreign shoots you shall sow it

Brenton Septuagint Translation
Because thou hast forsaken God thy Saviour, and hast not been mindful of the Lord thy helper; therefore shalt thou plant a false plant, and a false seed.

Contemporary English Version
Israel, you have forgotten the God who saves you, the one who is the mighty rock where you find protection. You plant the finest flowers to honor a foreign god.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Because thou hast forgotten God thy saviour, and hast not remembered thy strong helper: therefore shalt thou plant good plants, and shalt sow strange seed.

English Revised Version
For thou hast forgotten the God of thy salvation, and hast not been mindful of the rock of thy strength; therefore thou plantest pleasant plants, and settest it with strange slips:

Good News Translation
Israel, you have forgotten the God who rescues you and protects you like a mighty rock. Instead, you plant sacred gardens in order to worship a foreign god.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
You have forgotten the God of your salvation. You haven't remembered the rock, your stronghold. Instead, you have planted the best plants and have set out the imported grapevines.

International Standard Version
For you have forgotten the God of your salvation and have not remembered the Rock that is your strength. Therefore even though you plant delightful plants, sowing them with imported vine-seedlings,

JPS Tanakh 1917
For thou hast forgotten the God of thy salvation, And thou hast not been mindful of the Rock of thy stronghold; Therefore thou didst plant plants of pleasantness, And didst set it with slips of a stranger;

Literal Standard Version
Because you have forgotten the God of your salvation, And have not remembered the Rock of your strength, Therefore you plant plants of pleasantness, And sow it with a strange shoot,

NET Bible
For you ignore the God who rescues you; you pay no attention to your strong protector. So this is what happens: You cultivate beautiful plants and plant exotic vines.

New Heart English Bible
For you have forgotten the God of your salvation, and have not remembered the rock of your strength. Therefore you plant pleasant plants, and set out foreign seedlings.

World English Bible
For you have forgotten the God of your salvation, and have not remembered the rock of your strength. Therefore you plant pleasant plants, and set out foreign seedlings.

Young's Literal Translation
Because thou hast forgotten the God of thy salvation, And the rock of thy strength hast not remembered, Therefore thou plantest plants of pleasantness, And with a strange slip sowest it,

Additional Translations ...
Context
An Oracle Concerning Damascus
9In that day their strong cities will be like forsaken thickets and summits, abandoned to the Israelites and to utter desolation. 10For you have forgotten the God of your salvation and failed to remember the Rock of your refuge. Therefore, though you cultivate delightful plots and set out cuttings from exotic vines— 11though on the day you plant you make them grow, and on that morning you help your seed sprout—yet the harvest will vanish on the day of disease and incurable pain.…

Cross References
Leviticus 26:20
and your strength will be spent in vain. For your land will not yield its produce, and the trees of the land will not bear their fruit.

Deuteronomy 28:39
You will plant and cultivate vineyards, but will neither drink the wine nor gather the grapes, because worms will eat them.

Deuteronomy 32:4
He is the Rock, His work is perfect; all His ways are just. A God of faithfulness without injustice, righteous and upright is He.

Deuteronomy 32:18
You ignored the Rock who brought you forth; you forgot the God who gave you birth.

Psalm 68:19
Blessed be the Lord, who daily bears our burden, the God of our salvation. Selah

Isaiah 12:2
Surely God is my salvation; I will trust and not be afraid. For the LORD GOD is my strength and my song, and He also has become my salvation."

Isaiah 17:9
In that day their strong cities will be like forsaken thickets and summits, abandoned to the Israelites and to utter desolation.


Treasury of Scripture

Because you have forgotten the God of your salvation, and have not been mindful of the rock of your strength, therefore shall you plant pleasant plants, and shall set it with strange slips:

thou hast

Isaiah 51:13
And forgettest the LORD thy maker, that hath stretched forth the heavens, and laid the foundations of the earth; and hast feared continually every day because of the fury of the oppressor, as if he were ready to destroy? and where is the fury of the oppressor?

Deuteronomy 6:12
Then beware lest thou forget the LORD, which brought thee forth out of the land of Egypt, from the house of bondage.

Deuteronomy 8:11,14,19
Beware that thou forget not the LORD thy God, in not keeping his commandments, and his judgments, and his statutes, which I command thee this day: …

the God

Isaiah 12:2
Behold, God is my salvation; I will trust, and not be afraid: for the LORD JEHOVAH is my strength and my song; he also is become my salvation.

1 Chronicles 16:35
And say ye, Save us, O God of our salvation, and gather us together, and deliver us from the heathen, that we may give thanks to thy holy name, and glory in thy praise.

Psalm 65:5
By terrible things in righteousness wilt thou answer us, O God of our salvation; who art the confidence of all the ends of the earth, and of them that are afar off upon the sea:

the rock

Isaiah 26:4
Trust ye in the LORD for ever: for in the LORD JEHOVAH is everlasting strength:

Deuteronomy 32:4,15
He is the Rock, his work is perfect: for all his ways are judgment: a God of truth and without iniquity, just and right is he…

Psalm 18:2
The LORD is my rock, and my fortress, and my deliverer; my God, my strength, in whom I will trust; my buckler, and the horn of my salvation, and my high tower.

shalt thou

Isaiah 65:21,22
And they shall build houses, and inhabit them; and they shall plant vineyards, and eat the fruit of them…

Leviticus 26:16,20
I also will do this unto you; I will even appoint over you terror, consumption, and the burning ague, that shall consume the eyes, and cause sorrow of heart: and ye shall sow your seed in vain, for your enemies shall eat it…

Deuteronomy 28:30,38-42
Thou shalt betroth a wife, and another man shall lie with her: thou shalt build an house, and thou shalt not dwell therein: thou shalt plant a vineyard, and shalt not gather the grapes thereof…









(10) Hast not been mindful of the rock of thy strength.--Jehovah, as the true defence, the fortress rock of His people (Deuteronomy 32:4), is contrasted with the rock-fortresses in which the people had put their trust. They had forsaken the One, and therefore, by a just retribution, the others should be forsaken.

Therefore shalt thou plant pleasant plants.--Better, thou didst plant. The word for "pleasant" is found here only as a common noun. The singular appears as a proper name in Genesis 46:21, Numbers 26:40, and in the more familiar instance of Naaman the Syrian (2Kings 5:1). It would appear that the prophet chose the peculiar term to indicate the foreign, in this case the Syrian, character of the worship to which he refers as the "plant" which Israel had adopted. Mr. Cheyne, following an ingenious suggestion of Lagarde's, connects it (1) with the Arabic Nahr No'man, the name of the river Belus near Acre, and (2) with the Arabic name (Shakaiku-'n-noman) for the red anemone. The former was near the head-quarters of the worship of Thammuz, the Ph?nician Adonis, and the flower was sacred to him, and so it is inferred that the prophet refers to "the gardens of Adonis," fair but perishable (Plato, Ph?dr. p. 276 B), in which Israel had delighted (Ezekiel 8:14). The addition of "strange slips," literally, vine-slips of a strange one--i.e., of a strange god (comp. Jeremiah 2:21)--confirms at least the general drift of this interpretation. . . .

Verse 10. - Because thou hast forgotten; rather, because thou didst forget. The late repentance of a "remnant" which "looked to their Maker" (ver. 7) could not cancel the long catalogue of former sins (2 Kings 17:8-17), foremost among which was their rejection of God, or, at any rate, their complete forgetfulness of his claims upon them. The Rock of thy strength. God is first called "a Rock" in Deuteronomy 32:4, 15, 18, 30, 31. The image is caught up by the psalmists (2 Samuel 22:2, 32, 47; 2 Samuel 23:3; Psalm 16:1, 2, 31, 46; 19:14; 28:1, etc.), and from them passes to Isaiah (see, besides the present passage, Isaiah 26:4; Isaiah 30:29; and Isaiah 44:8). Among the later prophets only Habakkuk uses it (Habakkuk 1:12). Israel, instead of looking to this "Rock," had looked to their rock-fortresses (ver. 9). Therefore shalt thou plant pleasant plants; rather, dost thou plant, or hast thou planted. Forgetfulness of Jehovah has led to the adoption of a voluptuous religion - one of debased foreign rites. There is possibly, as Mr. Cheyne thinks, a special reference to the cult of Adonis. Shall set it; rather, settest it, or hast set it. "It" must refer to "field" or "garden" understood. The later Israelite religion has been a sort of pleasant garden, planted with exotic slips from various quarters - Phoenicia, Syria, Moab, etc. It has been thought permissible to introduce into it any new cult that took the fancy. Hence the multiplication of altars complained of by Hosea (Hosea 8:11; Hosea 10:1; Hosea 12:11).

Parallel Commentaries ...


Hebrew
For
כִּ֤י (kî)
Conjunction
Strong's 3588: A relative conjunction

you have forgotten
שָׁכַ֙חַתְּ֙ (šā·ḵa·ḥat)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - second person feminine singular
Strong's 7911: To mislay, to be oblivious of, from want of memory, attention

the God
אֱלֹהֵ֣י (’ĕ·lō·hê)
Noun - masculine plural construct
Strong's 430: gods -- the supreme God, magistrates, a superlative

of your salvation,
יִשְׁעֵ֔ךְ (yiš·‘êḵ)
Noun - masculine singular construct | second person feminine singular
Strong's 3468: Deliverance, rescue, salvation, safety, welfare

and failed
לֹ֣א (lō)
Adverb - Negative particle
Strong's 3808: Not, no

to remember
זָכָ֑רְתְּ (zā·ḵā·rət)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - second person feminine singular
Strong's 2142: To mark, to remember, to mention, to be male

the rock
וְצ֥וּר (wə·ṣūr)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's 6697: A cliff, a rock, boulder, a refuge, an edge

of your strength.
מָעֻזֵּ֖ךְ (mā·‘uz·zêḵ)
Noun - masculine singular construct | second person feminine singular
Strong's 4581: A place or means of safety, protection

Therefore,
עַל־ (‘al-)
Preposition
Strong's 5921: Above, over, upon, against

though you cultivate
תִּטְּעִי֙ (tiṭ·ṭə·‘î)
Verb - Qal - Imperfect - second person feminine singular
Strong's 5193: To strike in, fix, to plant

delightful
נַעֲמָנִ֔ים (na·‘ă·mā·nîm)
Noun - masculine plural
Strong's 5282: Pleasantness

plots
נִטְעֵ֣י (niṭ·‘ê)
Noun - masculine plural construct
Strong's 5194: A plant, a plantation, a planting

and set out cuttings
תִּזְרָעֶֽנּוּ׃ (tiz·rā·‘en·nū)
Verb - Qal - Imperfect - second person masculine singular | third person masculine singular
Strong's 2232: To sow, to disseminate, plant, fructify

from exotic
זָ֖ר (zār)
Adjective - masculine singular
Strong's 2114: To turn aside, to be a, foreigner, strange, profane, to commit adultery

vines—
וּזְמֹ֥רַת (ū·zə·mō·raṯ)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - feminine singular construct
Strong's 2156: Branch, twig, shoot


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OT Prophets: Isaiah 17:10 For you have forgotten the God (Isa Isi Is)
Isaiah 17:9
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