Exodus 22:4
New International Version
If the stolen animal is found alive in their possession—whether ox or donkey or sheep—they must pay back double.

New Living Translation
If someone steals an ox or a donkey or a sheep and it is found in the thief’s possession, then the thief must pay double the value of the stolen animal.

English Standard Version
If the stolen beast is found alive in his possession, whether it is an ox or a donkey or a sheep, he shall pay double.

Berean Study Bible
If what was stolen is actually found alive in his possession—whether ox or donkey or sheep—he must pay back double.

King James Bible
If the theft be certainly found in his hand alive, whether it be ox, or ass, or sheep; he shall restore double.

New King James Version
If the theft is certainly found alive in his hand, whether it is an ox or donkey or sheep, he shall restore double.

New American Standard Bible
If what he stole is actually found alive in his possession, whether an ox or a donkey or a sheep, he shall pay double.

NASB 1995
“If what he stole is actually found alive in his possession, whether an ox or a donkey or a sheep, he shall pay double.

NASB 1977
“If what he stole is actually found alive in his possession, whether an ox or a donkey or a sheep, he shall pay double.

Amplified Bible
If the animal that he stole is found alive in his possession, whether it is ox or donkey or sheep, he shall pay double [for it].

Christian Standard Bible
If what was stolen—whether ox, donkey, or sheep—is actually found alive in his possession, he must repay double.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
If what was stolen—whether ox, donkey, or sheep—is actually found alive in his possession, he must repay double.”

American Standard Version
If the theft be found in his hand alive, whether it be ox, or ass, or sheep, he shall pay double.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
And if when he is caught, the theft of an ox or a donkey and unto a ewe shall be found in his hands still alive, he shall restore each by two.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
And if the thing stolen be left and be in his hand alive, whether ox or sheep, he shall restore them two-fold.

Douay-Rheims Bible
If that which he stole be found with him, alive, either ox, or ass, or sheep: he shall restore double.

English Revised Version
If the theft be found in his hand alive, whether it be ox, or ass, or sheep; he shall pay double.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
But if the stolen animal is found alive in his possession, whether it's a bull, donkey, or a sheep, he must make up for the loss with double the amount.

International Standard Version
If what was stolen is actually found alive in his possession, whether an ox, a donkey or a sheep, he is to repay double.

JPS Tanakh 1917
If the theft be found in his hand alive, whether it be ox, or ass, or sheep, he shall pay double.

Literal Standard Version
if the theft is certainly found alive in his hand, whether ox, or donkey, or sheep—he repays double.

NET Bible
If the stolen item should in fact be found alive in his possession, whether it be an ox or a donkey or a sheep, he must pay back double.

New Heart English Bible
If the stolen property is found in his hand alive, whether it is ox, donkey, or sheep, he shall pay double.

World English Bible
If the stolen property is found in his hand alive, whether it is ox, donkey, or sheep, he shall pay double.

Young's Literal Translation
if the theft is certainly found in his hand alive, whether ox, or ass, or sheep -- double he repayeth.

Additional Translations ...
Context
Property Laws
3But if it happens after sunrise, there is guilt for his bloodshed. A thief must make full restitution; if he has nothing, he himself shall be sold for his theft. 4If what was stolen is actually found alive in his possession— whether ox or donkey or sheep— he must pay back double. 5If a man grazes his livestock in a field or vineyard and allows them to stray so that they graze in someone else’s field, he must make restitution from the best of his own field or vineyard.…

Cross References
Exodus 22:5
If a man grazes his livestock in a field or vineyard and allows them to stray so that they graze in someone else's field, he must make restitution from the best of his own field or vineyard.

Exodus 22:7
If a man gives his neighbor money or goods for safekeeping and they are stolen from the neighbor's house, the thief, if caught, must pay back double.

1 Samuel 12:5
Samuel said to them, "The LORD is a witness against you, and His anointed is a witness today, that you have not found anything in my hand." "He is a witness," they replied.


Treasury of Scripture

If the theft be certainly found in his hand alive, whether it be ox, or ass, or sheep; he shall restore double.

found

Exodus 21:16
And he that stealeth a man, and selleth him, or if he be found in his hand, he shall surely be put to death.

he shall restore double

Exodus 21:1,7,9
Now these are the judgments which thou shalt set before them…

Proverbs 6:31
But if he be found, he shall restore sevenfold; he shall give all the substance of his house.

Isaiah 40:2
Speak ye comfortably to Jerusalem, and cry unto her, that her warfare is accomplished, that her iniquity is pardoned: for she hath received of the LORD'S hand double for all her sins.









(4) If the theft be certainly found in his hand.--If he had not converted it, consumed it, or, if it were an animal, killed it, then, instead of the four-fold or five-fold restitution of Exodus 22:1, a restoration of double was to suffice.

Verse 4. - If the theft be certainly found in his hand. If he be caught in flagrante delicto, with the thing stolen in his possession, "whether it be ox, or ass, or small cattle," he shall restore double. The law of theft in the Mosaic legislation is altogether of a mild character, as compared with the Roman, or even with the English law, until the present century. Double restitution was a sort of "retaliation" - it involved a man losing the exact amount which he had expected to gain

CHAPTER 22:2-6

Parallel Commentaries ...


Hebrew
If what was stolen
אִֽם־ (’im-)
Conjunction
Strong's 518: Lo!, whether?, if, although, Oh that!, when, not

is actually found
הִמָּצֵא֩ (him·mā·ṣê)
Verb - Nifal - Infinitive absolute
Strong's 4672: To come forth to, appear, exist, to attain, find, acquire, to occur, meet, be present

alive
חַיִּ֑ים (ḥay·yîm)
Adjective - masculine plural
Strong's 2416: Alive, raw, fresh, strong, life

in his possession—
בְיָד֜וֹ (ḇə·yā·ḏōw)
Preposition-b | Noun - feminine singular construct | third person masculine singular
Strong's 3027: A hand

whether ox
מִשּׁ֧וֹר (miš·šō·wr)
Preposition-m | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's 7794: A head of cattle (bullock, ox, etcetera)

or
עַד־ (‘aḏ-)
Preposition
Strong's 5704: As far as, even to, up to, until, while

donkey
חֲמ֛וֹר (ḥă·mō·wr)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's 2543: A male ass

or
עַד־ (‘aḏ-)
Preposition
Strong's 5704: As far as, even to, up to, until, while

sheep—
שֶׂ֖ה (śeh)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's 7716: A member of a, flock, a sheep, goat

he must pay back
יְשַׁלֵּֽם׃ (yə·šal·lêm)
Verb - Piel - Imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's 7999: To be safe, to be, completed, to be friendly, to reciprocate

double.
שְׁנַ֖יִם (šə·na·yim)
Number - md
Strong's 8147: Two (a cardinal number)


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OT Law: Exodus 22:4 If the stolen property is found (Exo. Ex)
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