Ezekiel 17:18
New International Version
He despised the oath by breaking the covenant. Because he had given his hand in pledge and yet did all these things, he shall not escape.

New Living Translation
For the king of Israel disregarded his treaty and broke it after swearing to obey; therefore, he will not escape.

English Standard Version
He despised the oath in breaking the covenant, and behold, he gave his hand and did all these things; he shall not escape.

Berean Study Bible
He despised the oath by breaking the covenant. Seeing that he gave his hand in pledge yet did all these things, he will not escape!’

King James Bible
Seeing he despised the oath by breaking the covenant, when, lo, he had given his hand, and hath done all these things, he shall not escape.

New King James Version
Since he despised the oath by breaking the covenant, and in fact gave his hand and still did all these things, he shall not escape.’ ”

New American Standard Bible
Now he despised the oath by breaking the covenant, and behold, he pledged his allegiance, yet did all these things; he shall not escape.’”

NASB 1995
'Now he despised the oath by breaking the covenant, and behold, he pledged his allegiance, yet did all these things; he shall not escape.'"

NASB 1977
‘Now he despised the oath by breaking the covenant, and behold, he pledged his allegiance, yet did all these things; he shall not escape.’”

Amplified Bible
Now Zedekiah dishonored the oath by breaking the covenant, and behold, he gave his hand and pledged his allegiance, yet did all these things; he shall not escape.’”

Christian Standard Bible
He despised the oath by breaking the covenant. He did all these things even though he gave his hand in pledge. He will not escape!

Holman Christian Standard Bible
He despised the oath by breaking the covenant. He did all these things even though he gave his hand in pledge. He will not escape!"

American Standard Version
For he hath despised the oath by breaking the covenant; and behold, he had given his hand, and yet hath done all these things; he shall not escape.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
Because he despised the oaths and he nullified the covenant, he shall surrender his hand, and he shall not be delivered, because he did all these things

Brenton Septuagint Translation
Whereas he has profaned the oath so as to break the covenant, when, behold, I engage his hand, and he has done all these things to him, he shall not escape.

Contemporary English Version
The king of Judah broke his own promises and ignored the treaty with Babylonia. And so he will be punished!

Douay-Rheims Bible
For he had despised the oath, breaking his covenant, and behold he hath given his hand: and having done all these things, he shall not escape.

English Revised Version
For he hath despised the oath by breaking the covenant; and behold, he had given his hand, and yet hath done all these things; he shall not escape.

Good News Translation
He broke his oath and the treaty he had made. He did all these things, and now he will not escape."

GOD'S WORD® Translation
The king of Judah broke the promise and the treaty that he pledged to keep. He did all these things, and he can't go unpunished.

International Standard Version
He despised the oath he had made and broke the covenant. Look! Because he willingly submitted, yet he has done all these things, he won't escape.

JPS Tanakh 1917
seeing he hath despised the oath by breaking the covenant, when, lo, he had given his hand, and hath done all these things, he shall not escape.

Literal Standard Version
And he despised the oath—to break covenant, "" And behold, he has given his hand, "" And all these he has done—he does not escape.

NET Bible
He despised the oath by breaking the covenant. Take note--he gave his promise and did all these things--he will not escape!

New Heart English Bible
For he has despised the oath by breaking the covenant; and look, he had given his hand, and yet has done all these things; he shall not escape.'

World English Bible
For he has despised the oath by breaking the covenant; and behold, he had given his hand, and yet has done all these things; he shall not escape.

Young's Literal Translation
And he despised the oath -- to break covenant, And lo, he hath given his hand, And all these he hath done, he escapeth not.

Additional Translations ...
Context
The Parable Explained
17Pharaoh with his mighty army and vast horde will not help him in battle, when ramps are built and siege walls constructed to destroy many lives. 18He despised the oath by breaking the covenant. Seeing that he gave his hand in pledge yet did all these things, he will not escape!’ 19Therefore this is what the Lord GOD says: ‘As surely as I live, I will bring down upon his head My oath that he despised and My covenant that he broke.…

Cross References
2 Kings 10:15
When he left there, he found Jehonadab son of Rechab, who was coming to meet him. Jehu greeted him and asked, "Is your heart as true to mine as my heart is to yours?" "It is!" Jehonadab replied. "If it is," said Jehu, "give me your hand." So he gave him his hand, and Jehu helped him into his chariot,

1 Chronicles 29:24
All the officials and mighty men, as well as all of King David's sons, pledged their allegiance to King Solomon.

Ecclesiastes 8:2
Keep the king's command, I say, because of your oath before God.

Ezekiel 17:15
But this king rebelled against Babylon by sending his envoys to Egypt to ask for horses and a large army. Will he flourish? Will the one who does such things escape? Can he break a covenant and yet escape?'

Ezekiel 17:16
As surely as I live,' declares the Lord GOD, 'he will die in Babylon, in the land of the king who enthroned him, whose oath he despised and whose covenant he broke.

Ezekiel 17:19
Therefore this is what the Lord GOD says: 'As surely as I live, I will bring down upon his head My oath that he despised and My covenant that he broke.

Ezekiel 21:23
It will seem like a false omen to the eyes of those who have sworn allegiance to him, but it will draw attention to their guilt and take them captive.


Treasury of Scripture

Seeing he despised the oath by breaking the covenant, when, see, he had given his hand, and has done all these things, he shall not escape.

Seeing.

lo, he.

1 Chronicles 29:24
And all the princes, and the mighty men, and all the sons likewise of king David, submitted themselves unto Solomon the king.

2 Chronicles 30:8
Now be ye not stiffnecked, as your fathers were, but yield yourselves unto the LORD, and enter into his sanctuary, which he hath sanctified for ever: and serve the LORD your God, that the fierceness of his wrath may turn away from you.

Lamentations 5:6
We have given the hand to the Egyptians, and to the Assyrians, to be satisfied with bread.

he shall

Ezekiel 7:15
The sword is without, and the pestilence and the famine within: he that is in the field shall die with the sword; and he that is in the city, famine and pestilence shall devour him.











Parallel Commentaries ...


Hebrew
He despised
וּבָזָ֥ה (ū·ḇā·zāh)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Conjunctive perfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's 959: To disesteem

the oath
אָלָ֖ה (’ā·lāh)
Noun - feminine singular
Strong's 423: An imprecation

by breaking
לְהָפֵ֣ר (lə·hā·p̄êr)
Preposition-l | Verb - Hifil - Infinitive construct
Strong's 6565: To break up, to violate, frustrate

the covenant.
בְּרִ֑ית (bə·rîṯ)
Noun - feminine singular
Strong's 1285: A covenant

Seeing that
וְהִנֵּ֨ה (wə·hin·nêh)
Conjunctive waw | Interjection
Strong's 2009: Lo! behold!

he gave
נָתַ֥ן (nā·ṯan)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's 5414: To give, put, set

his hand in pledge
יָד֛וֹ (yā·ḏōw)
Noun - feminine singular construct | third person masculine singular
Strong's 3027: A hand

yet did
עָשָׂ֖ה (‘ā·śāh)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's 6213: To do, make

all
וְכָל־ (wə·ḵāl)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's 3605: The whole, all, any, every

these,
אֵ֥לֶּה (’êl·leh)
Pronoun - common plural
Strong's 428: These, those

he will not
לֹ֥א (lō)
Adverb - Negative particle
Strong's 3808: Not, no

escape!’
יִמָּלֵֽט׃ (yim·mā·lêṭ)
Verb - Nifal - Imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's 4422: To be smooth, to escape, to release, rescue, to bring forth young, emit sparks


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OT Prophets: Ezekiel 17:18 For he has despised the oath (Ezek. Eze Ezk)
Ezekiel 17:17
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