Psalm 78
NET BibleBerean Study Bible
1A well-written song by Asaph. Pay attention, my people, to my instruction! Listen to the words I speak! 1A Maskil of Asaph. Give ear, O my people, to my instruction; listen to the words of my mouth.
2I will sing a song that imparts wisdom; I will make insightful observations about the past. 2I will open my mouth in parables; I will utter things hidden from the beginning,
3What we have heard and learned--that which our ancestors have told us--3that we have heard and known and our fathers have relayed to us.
4we will not hide from their descendants. We will tell the next generation about the LORD's praiseworthy acts, about his strength and the amazing things he has done. 4We will not hide them from their children, but will declare to the next generation the praises of the LORD and His might, and the wonders He has performed.
5He established a rule in Jacob; he set up a law in Israel. He commanded our ancestors to make his deeds known to their descendants, 5For He established a testimony in Jacob and appointed a law in Israel, which He commanded our fathers to teach to their children,
6so that the next generation, children yet to be born, might know about them. They will grow up and tell their descendants about them. 6that the coming generation would know them—even children yet to be born—to arise and tell their own children
7Then they will place their confidence in God. They will not forget the works of God, and they will obey his commands. 7that they should put their confidence in God, not forgetting His works, but keeping His commandments.
8Then they will not be like their ancestors, who were a stubborn and rebellious generation, a generation that was not committed and faithful to God. 8Then they will not be like their fathers, a stubborn and rebellious generation, whose heart was not loyal, whose spirit was not faithful to God.
9The Ephraimites were armed with bows, but they retreated in the day of battle. 9The archers of Ephraim turned back on the day of battle.
10They did not keep their covenant with God, and they refused to obey his law. 10They failed to keep God’s covenant and refused to live by His law.
11They forgot what he had done, the amazing things he had shown them. 11They forgot what He had done, the wonders He had shown them.
12He did amazing things in the sight of their ancestors, in the land of Egypt, in the region of Zoan. 12He worked wonders before their fathers in the land of Egypt, in the region of Zoan.
13He divided the sea and led them across it; he made the water stand in a heap. 13He split the sea and brought them through; He set the waters upright like a wall.
14He led them with a cloud by day, and with the light of a fire all night long. 14He led them with a cloud by day and with a light of fire all night.
15He broke open rocks in the wilderness, and gave them enough water to fill the depths of the sea. 15He split the rocks in the wilderness and gave them drink as abundant as the seas.
16He caused streams to flow from the rock, and made the water flow like rivers. 16He brought streams from the stone and made water flow down like rivers.
17Yet they continued to sin against him, and rebelled against the sovereign One in the desert. 17But they continued to sin against Him, rebelling in the desert against the Most High.
18They willfully challenged God by asking for food to satisfy their appetite. 18They willfully tested God by demanding the food they craved.
19They insulted God, saying, "Is God really able to give us food in the wilderness? 19They spoke against God, saying, “Can God really prepare a table in the wilderness?
20Yes, he struck a rock and water flowed out, streams gushed forth. But can he also give us food? Will he provide meat for his people?" 20When He struck the rock, water gushed out and torrents raged. But can He also give bread or supply His people with meat?”
21When the LORD heard this, he was furious. A fire broke out against Jacob, and his anger flared up against Israel, 21Therefore the LORD heard and was filled with wrath; so a fire was kindled against Jacob, and His anger flared against Israel,
22because they did not have faith in God, and did not trust his ability to deliver them. 22because they did not believe God or rely on His salvation.
23He gave a command to the clouds above, and opened the doors in the sky. 23Yet He commanded the clouds above and opened the doors of the heavens.
24He rained down manna for them to eat; he gave them the grain of heaven. 24He rained down manna for them to eat; He gave them grain from heaven.
25Man ate the food of the mighty ones. He sent them more than enough to eat. 25Man ate the bread of angels; He sent them food in abundance.
26He brought the east wind through the sky, and by his strength led forth the south wind. 26He stirred the east wind from the heavens and drove the south wind by His might.
27He rained down meat on them like dust, birds as numerous as the sand on the seashores. 27He rained meat on them like dust, and winged birds like the sand of the sea.
28He caused them to fall right in the middle of their camp, all around their homes. 28He felled them in the midst of their camp, all around their dwellings.
29They ate until they were stuffed; he gave them what they desired. 29So they ate and were well filled, for He gave them what they craved.
30They were not yet filled up, their food was still in their mouths, 30Yet before they had filled their desire, with the food still in their mouths,
31when the anger of God flared up against them. He killed some of the strongest of them; he brought the young men of Israel to their knees. 31God’s anger flared against them, and He put to death their strongest and subdued the young men of Israel.
32Despite all this, they continued to sin, and did not trust him to do amazing things. 32In spite of all this, they kept on sinning; despite His wonderful works, they did not believe.
33So he caused them to die unsatisfied and filled with terror. 33So He ended their days in futility, and their years in sudden terror.
34When he struck them down, they sought his favor; they turned back and longed for God. 34When He slew them, they would seek Him; they repented and searched for God.
35They remembered that God was their protector, and that the sovereign God was their deliverer. 35And they remembered that God was their Rock, that God Most High was their Redeemer.
36But they deceived him with their words, and lied to him. 36But they deceived Him with their mouths, and lied to Him with their tongues.
37They were not really committed to him, and they were unfaithful to his covenant. 37Their hearts were disloyal to Him, and they were unfaithful to His covenant.
38Yet he is compassionate. He forgives sin and does not destroy. He often holds back his anger, and does not stir up his fury. 38And yet He was compassionate; He forgave their iniquity and did not destroy them. He often restrained His anger and did not unleash His full wrath.
39He remembered that they were made of flesh, and were like a wind that blows past and does not return. 39He remembered that they were but flesh, a passing breeze that does not return.
40How often they rebelled against him in the wilderness, and insulted him in the desert! 40How often they disobeyed Him in the wilderness and grieved Him in the desert!
41They again challenged God, and offended the Holy One of Israel. 41Again and again they tested God and provoked the Holy One of Israel.
42They did not remember what he had done, how he delivered them from the enemy, 42They did not remember His power—the day He redeemed them from the adversary,
43when he performed his awesome deeds in Egypt, and his acts of judgment in the region of Zoan. 43when He performed His signs in Egypt and His wonders in the fields of Zoan.
44He turned their rivers into blood, and they could not drink from their streams. 44He turned their rivers to blood, and from their streams they could not drink.
45He sent swarms of biting insects against them, as well as frogs that overran their land. 45He sent swarms of flies that devoured them, and frogs that devastated them.
46He gave their crops to the grasshopper, the fruit of their labor to the locust. 46He gave their crops to the grasshopper, the fruit of their labor to the locust.
47He destroyed their vines with hail, and their sycamore-fig trees with driving rain. 47He killed their vines with hailstones and their sycamore-figs with sleet.
48He rained hail down on their cattle, and hurled lightning bolts down on their livestock. 48He abandoned their cattle to the hail and their livestock to bolts of lightning.
49His raging anger lashed out against them, He sent fury, rage, and trouble as messengers who bring disaster. 49He unleashed His fury against them, wrath, indignation, and calamity—a band of destroying angels.
50He sent his anger in full force; he did not spare them from death; he handed their lives over to destruction. 50He cleared a path for His anger; He did not spare them from death but delivered their lives to the plague.
51He struck down all the firstborn in Egypt, the firstfruits of their reproductive power in the tents of Ham. 51He struck all the firstborn of Egypt, the virility in the tents of Ham.
52Yet he brought out his people like sheep; he led them through the wilderness like a flock. 52He led out His people like sheep and guided them like a flock in the wilderness.
53He guided them safely along, while the sea covered their enemies. 53He led them safely, so they did not fear, but the sea engulfed their enemies.
54He brought them to the border of his holy land, to this mountainous land which his right hand acquired. 54He brought them to His holy land, to the mountain His right hand had acquired.
55He drove the nations out from before them; he assigned them their tribal allotments and allowed the tribes of Israel to settle down. 55He drove out nations before them and apportioned their inheritance; He settled the tribes of Israel in their tents.
56Yet they challenged and defied the sovereign God, and did not obey his commands. 56But they tested and disobeyed God Most High, for they did not keep His decrees.
57They were unfaithful and acted as treacherously as their ancestors; they were as unreliable as a malfunctioning bow. 57They turned back and were faithless like their fathers, twisted like a faulty bow.
58They made him angry with their pagan shrines, and made him jealous with their idols. 58They enraged Him with their high places and provoked His jealousy with their idols.
59God heard and was angry; he completely rejected Israel. 59On hearing it, God was furious and rejected Israel completely.
60He abandoned the sanctuary at Shiloh, the tent where he lived among men. 60He abandoned the tabernacle of Shiloh, the tent He had pitched among men.
61He allowed the symbol of his strong presence to be captured; he gave the symbol of his splendor into the hand of the enemy. 61He delivered His strength to captivity, and His splendor to the hand of the adversary.
62He delivered his people over to the sword, and was angry with his chosen nation. 62He surrendered His people to the sword because He was enraged by His heritage.
63Fire consumed their young men, and their virgins remained unmarried. 63Fire consumed His young men, and their maidens were left without wedding songs.
64Their priests fell by the sword, but their widows did not weep. 64His priests fell by the sword, but their widows could not lament.
65But then the Lord awoke from his sleep; he was like a warrior in a drunken rage. 65Then the Lord awoke as from sleep, like a mighty warrior overcome by wine.
66He drove his enemies back; he made them a permanent target for insults. 66He beat back His foes; He put them to everlasting shame.
67He rejected the tent of Joseph; he did not choose the tribe of Ephraim. 67He rejected the tent of Joseph and refused the tribe of Ephraim.
68He chose the tribe of Judah, and Mount Zion, which he loves. 68But He chose the tribe of Judah, Mount Zion, which He loved.
69He made his sanctuary as enduring as the heavens above; as secure as the earth, which he established permanently. 69He built His sanctuary like the heights, like the earth He has established forever.
70He chose David, his servant, and took him from the sheepfolds. 70He chose David His servant and took him from the sheepfolds;
71He took him away from following the mother sheep, and made him the shepherd of Jacob, his people, and of Israel, his chosen nation. 71from tending the ewes He brought him to be shepherd of His people Jacob, of Israel His inheritance.
72David cared for them with pure motives; he led them with skill. 72So David shepherded them with integrity of heart and guided them with skillful hands.
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Psalm 77
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