1 Chronicles 16:3
New International Version
Then he gave a loaf of bread, a cake of dates and a cake of raisins to each Israelite man and woman.

New Living Translation
Then he gave to every man and woman in all Israel a loaf of bread, a cake of dates, and a cake of raisins.

English Standard Version
and distributed to all Israel, both men and women, to each a loaf of bread, a portion of meat, and a cake of raisins.

Berean Study Bible
Then he distributed to every man and woman of Israel a loaf of bread, a date cake, and a raisin cake.

King James Bible
And he dealt to every one of Israel, both man and woman, to every one a loaf of bread, and a good piece of flesh, and a flagon of wine.

New King James Version
Then he distributed to everyone of Israel, both man and woman, to everyone a loaf of bread, a piece of meat, and a cake of raisins.

New American Standard Bible
Then he distributed to everyone of Israel, both men and women, to everyone a loaf of bread, a portion of meat, and a raisin cake.

NASB 1995
He distributed to everyone of Israel, both man and woman, to everyone a loaf of bread and a portion of meat and a raisin cake.

NASB 1977
And he distributed to everyone of Israel, both man and woman, to everyone a loaf of bread and a portion of meat and a raisin cake.

Amplified Bible
He distributed to everyone in Israel, both man and woman, to everyone a loaf of bread, a portion of meat, and a raisin cake.

Christian Standard Bible
Then he distributed to each and every Israelite, both men and women, a loaf of bread, a date cake, and a raisin cake.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Then he distributed to each and every Israelite, both men and women, a loaf of bread, a date cake, and a raisin cake.

American Standard Version
And he dealt to every one of Israel, both man and woman, to every one a loaf of bread, and a portion of flesh , and a cake of raisins.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
And he distributed to all the people, all of the house of Israel, from the men and unto the women, and from young men and unto those suckling the breasts, to every man one loaf of bread and one portion, and one fine white loaf, and all the people went, each man to his house.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
And he divided to every man of Israel (both men and women), to every man one baker's loaf, and a cake.

Contemporary English Version
and gave every person in the crowd a small loaf of bread, some meat, and a handful of raisins.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And he divided to all and every one, both men and women, a loaf of bread, and a piece of roasted beef, and flour fried with oil.

English Revised Version
And he dealt to every one of Israel, both man and woman, to every one a loaf of bread, and a portion of flesh, and a cake of raisins.

Good News Translation
and distributed food to them all. He gave each man and woman in Israel a loaf of bread, a piece of roasted meat, and some raisins.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
He also distributed to every person in Israel-both men and women-a loaf of bread, a date cake, and a raisin cake.

International Standard Version
and distributed a loaf of bread, a date bar, and a raisin bar to every person in Israel—that is, to each man and to each woman.

JPS Tanakh 1917
And he dealt to every one of Israel, both man and woman, to every one a loaf of bread, and a cake made in a pan, and a sweet cake.

Literal Standard Version
and gives a portion to every man of Israel, both man and woman: to each a cake of bread, and a measure of wine, and a grape-cake.

NET Bible
He then handed out to each Israelite man and woman a loaf of bread, a date cake, and a raisin cake.

New Heart English Bible
He dealt to everyone of Israel, both man and woman, to every one a loaf of bread, and a portion of meat, and a cake of raisins.

World English Bible
He dealt to everyone of Israel, both man and woman, to every one a loaf of bread, and a portion [of flesh], and a cake of raisins.

Young's Literal Translation
and giveth a portion to every man of Israel, both man and woman: to each a cake of bread, and a measure of wine, and a grape-cake.

Additional Translations ...
Context
A Tent for the Ark
2When David had finished sacrificing the burnt offerings and peace offerings, he blessed the people in the name of the LORD. 3Then he distributed to every man and woman of Israel a loaf of bread, a date cake, and a raisin cake. 4David appointed some of the Levites to minister before the ark of the LORD, to celebrate, to give thanks, and to praise the LORD, the God of Israel.…

Cross References
1 Chronicles 16:2
When David had finished sacrificing the burnt offerings and peace offerings, he blessed the people in the name of the LORD.

1 Chronicles 16:4
David appointed some of the Levites to minister before the ark of the LORD, to celebrate, to give thanks, and to praise the LORD, the God of Israel.

Song of Solomon 2:5
Sustain me with raisins; refresh me with apples, for I am faint with love.

Isaiah 16:7
Therefore let Moab wail; let them wail together for Moab. Moan for the raisin cakes of Kir-hareseth, you who are utterly stricken.

Hosea 3:1
Then the LORD said to me, "Go show love to your wife again, though she is loved by another and is an adulteress. Love her as the LORD loves the Israelites, though they turn to other gods and offer raisin cakes to idols."


Treasury of Scripture

And he dealt to every one of Israel, both man and woman, to every one a loaf of bread, and a good piece of flesh, and a flagon of wine.

to every one

2 Chronicles 30:24
For Hezekiah king of Judah did give to the congregation a thousand bullocks and seven thousand sheep; and the princes gave to the congregation a thousand bullocks and ten thousand sheep: and a great number of priests sanctified themselves.

2 Chronicles 35:7,8
And Josiah gave to the people, of the flock, lambs and kids, all for the passover offerings, for all that were present, to the number of thirty thousand, and three thousand bullocks: these were of the king's substance…

Nehemiah 8:10
Then he said unto them, Go your way, eat the fat, and drink the sweet, and send portions unto them for whom nothing is prepared: for this day is holy unto our Lord: neither be ye sorry; for the joy of the LORD is your strength.









(3) To every one . . .--Literally, to every man of Israel from man unto woman. Samuel has, "to all the people, to all the multitude of Israel, from man," &c.

A loaf (kikkar).--A round cake (1Samuel 2:36). The parallel in Samuel has a less common word (hallath), meaning a sacrificial cake punctured all over. (Comp. Exodus 29:23.)

A good piece of flesh.--A single Hebrew term, found only here and in Samuel ('eshp?r). It seems to mean "a portion," i.e., of the victims slain for the "peace offerings." (The "burnt offerings" were wholly consumed on the altar.) Syriac, "a portion." Arabic, "a slice of flesh." Others interpret, "a measure of wine."

A flagon of wine.--Rather, a raisin-cake--i.e., a mass of dried grapes (Hosea 3:1); Isaiah 16:7, "raisin-cakes of Kir-hareseth." . . .

Verse 3. - Each little clause of this verse is replete with interest. The royal giver, who now dealt to every one of Israel, was, after all, but a channel; yes, and only one channel, through which the fulness and the bounty of the royal Giver of every good and perfect gift, of all good whatsoever, of all things necessary to life and godliness, are supplied to every one of his creature-subjects. But it is highest honour, as servant and instrument alone, to figure forth him in any way. The second little clause tells us either that women took a recognized place on occasion of this joyous festival, or that the hospitality of such an occasion did not forget them and their homes. And the following three little clauses require closer examination. The word here translated "loaf" in the expression loaf of bread is כִּכַּר, for which in this sense we may turn to Exodus 29:23; Judges 8:5; 1 Samuel 2:36; 1 Samuel 10:3; Proverbs 6:26; Jeremiah 37:21. The corresponding word, however, in the parallel place is חַלַח (for which see Exodus 29:2, 23; Leviticus 2:4; Leviticus 7:12, 13; Leviticus 8:26; Leviticus 24:5; Numbers 6:15, 19; Numbers 15:20). The essential meaning of the former word is a circle, hence applied to the cake because of its shape, and of the latter word perforation, hence applied to the cake because it was perforated. A good piece of flesh. This is the Authorized Version rendering of אֶשְׁפָּר, which occurs only in the parallel place and here. The Vulgate translates assatura bubulae carnis; the Septuagint, ἐσχαρίτη. The imagined derivation of the word from פָּר (ox) and אֵשׁ (fire), or from שָׁפַד (to burn), seems to be what has led to these translations, helped, perhaps, by the apparent convenience of adapting meat from the sacrifice to the bread. But Gesenius, Rodiger, Keil, and others prefer the derivation שָׁפַר (to measure), and they would render "a measure" of wine. And a flagon. This is the Authorized Version rendering of the original אֲשִׁישָׁה, found in the parallel place as well as here, and also in the only other places (two in number, and in the plural) where it occurs (Song of Solomon 2:5; Hoses 3:1). But there is no doubt, or but little, that the rendering should rather be "dried, pressed cakes of raisins or grapes." It is then to be derived from the root אָשַׁשׁ (to press). The substantive has both masculine and feminine form in plural. The Vulgate translates similam frixam oleo, which means a "baked cake of flour and oil;" and the Septuagint, λάγανον ἀπὸ τηγάνου in the parallel places. But here the Septuagint reads ἄρτον ε{να ἀρτοκοπικὸν καὶ ἀμορίτην ασ the whole account of the loaf, the good piece of flesh, and the flagon.

Parallel Commentaries ...


Hebrew
Then he distributed
וַיְחַלֵּק֙ (way·ḥal·lêq)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Piel - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's 2505: To be smooth, to apportion, separate

to each and every
לְכָל־ (lə·ḵāl)
Preposition-l | Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's 3605: The whole, all, any, every

Israelite,
אִ֣ישׁ (’îš)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's 376: A man as an individual, a male person

both men
מֵאִ֖ישׁ (mê·’îš)
Preposition-m | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's 376: A man as an individual, a male person

and
וְעַד־ (wə·‘aḏ-)
Conjunctive waw | Preposition
Strong's 5704: As far as, even to, up to, until, while

women,
אִשָּׁ֑ה (’iš·šāh)
Noun - feminine singular
Strong's 802: Woman, wife, female

a loaf
כִּכַּר־ (kik·kar-)
Noun - feminine singular construct
Strong's 3603: A round, a round district, a round loaf, a round weight, a talent (a measure of weight or money)

of bread,
לֶ֔חֶם (le·ḥem)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's 3899: Food, bread, grain

a date cake,
וְאֶשְׁפָּ֖ר (wə·’eš·pār)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's 829: Perhaps cake or roll

and a raisin cake.
וַאֲשִׁישָֽׁה׃ (wa·’ă·šî·šāh)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - feminine singular
Strong's 809: Something closely pressed together, a cake of raisins, other comfits


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OT History: 1 Chronicles 16:3 He dealt to everyone of Israel both (1 Chron. 1Ch iCh i Ch 1 chr 1chr)
1 Chronicles 16:2
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