1 Kings 19:5
New International Version
Then he lay down under the bush and fell asleep. All at once an angel touched him and said, "Get up and eat."

New Living Translation
Then he lay down and slept under the broom tree. But as he was sleeping, an angel touched him and told him, “Get up and eat!”

English Standard Version
And he lay down and slept under a broom tree. And behold, an angel touched him and said to him, “Arise and eat.”

Berean Study Bible
Then he lay down under the broom tree and fell asleep. Suddenly an angel touched him and said, “Get up and eat.”

King James Bible
And as he lay and slept under a juniper tree, behold, then an angel touched him, and said unto him, Arise and eat.

New King James Version
Then as he lay and slept under a broom tree, suddenly an angel touched him, and said to him, “Arise and eat.”

New American Standard Bible
Then he lay down and fell asleep under a broom tree; but behold, there was an angel touching him, and he said to him, “Arise, eat!”

NASB 1995
He lay down and slept under a juniper tree; and behold, there was an angel touching him, and he said to him, "Arise, eat."

NASB 1977
And he lay down and slept under a juniper tree; and behold, there was an angel touching him, and he said to him, “Arise, eat.”

Amplified Bible
He lay down and slept under the juniper tree, and behold, an angel touched him and said to him, “Get up and eat.”

Christian Standard Bible
Then he lay down and slept under the broom tree. Suddenly, an angel touched him. The angel told him, “Get up and eat.”

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Then he lay down and slept under the broom tree. Suddenly, an angel touched him. The angel told him, "Get up and eat."

American Standard Version
And he lay down and slept under a juniper-tree; and, behold, an angel touched him, and said unto him, Arise and eat.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
And he fell asleep and he sank under the oak, and behold, an Angel came to him and said to him: “Arise! Eat!”

Brenton Septuagint Translation
And he lay down and slept there under a tree; and behold, some one touched him, and said to him, Arise and eat.

Contemporary English Version
Then he lay down in the shade and fell asleep. Suddenly an angel woke him up and said, "Get up and eat."

Douay-Rheims Bible
And he cast himself down, end slept in the shadow of the juniper tree: and behold an angel of the Lord touched him, and said to him: Arise and eat.

English Revised Version
And he lay down and slept under a juniper tree; and, behold, an angel touched him, and said unto him, Arise and eat.

Good News Translation
He lay down under the tree and fell asleep. Suddenly an angel touched him and said, "Wake up and eat."

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Then he lay down and slept under the broom plant. An angel touched him and said, "Get up and eat."

International Standard Version
Then he lay down and went to sleep under the juniper tree. All of a sudden, there was an angel, who kept grabbing him and telling him, "Get up! Eat!"

JPS Tanakh 1917
And he lay down and slept under a broom-tree; and, behold, an angel touched him, and said unto him: 'Arise and eat.'

Literal Standard Version
And he lies down and sleeps under a certain broom tree, and behold, a messenger is reaching toward him and says to him, “Rise, eat”;

NET Bible
He stretched out and fell asleep under the shrub. All of a sudden an angelic messenger touched him and said, "Get up and eat."

New Heart English Bible
He lay down and slept under a broom tree. And look, an angel touched him, and said to him, "Arise and eat."

World English Bible
He lay down and slept under a juniper tree; and behold, an angel touched him, and said to him, "Arise and eat!"

Young's Literal Translation
And he lieth down and sleepeth under a certain retem-tree, and lo, a messenger cometh against him, and saith to him, 'Rise, eat;'

Additional Translations ...
Context
Elijah Flees From Jezebel
4while he himself traveled on a day’s journey into the wilderness. He sat down under a broom tree and prayed that he might die. “I have had enough, LORD,” he said. “Take my life, for I am no better than my fathers.” 5Then he lay down under the broom tree and fell asleep. Suddenly an angel touched him and said, “Get up and eat.” 6And he looked around, and there by his head was a cake of bread baked over hot coals, and a jar of water. So he ate and drank and lay down again.…

Cross References
Genesis 28:12
And Jacob had a dream about a ladder that rested on the earth with its top reaching up to heaven, and God's angels were going up and down the ladder.

1 Kings 19:4
while he himself traveled on a day's journey into the wilderness. He sat down under a broom tree and prayed that he might die. "I have had enough, LORD," he said. "Take my life, for I am no better than my fathers."

1 Kings 19:6
And he looked around, and there by his head was a cake of bread baked over hot coals, and a jar of water. So he ate and drank and lay down again.

Zechariah 4:1
Then the angel who was speaking with me returned and woke me, as a man is awakened from his sleep.


Treasury of Scripture

And as he lay and slept under a juniper tree, behold, then an angel touched him, and said to him, Arise and eat.

as he lay

Genesis 28:11-15
And he lighted upon a certain place, and tarried there all night, because the sun was set; and he took of the stones of that place, and put them for his pillows, and lay down in that place to sleep…

and angel

Psalm 34:7,10
The angel of the LORD encampeth round about them that fear him, and delivereth them…

Daniel 8:19
And he said, Behold, I will make thee know what shall be in the last end of the indignation: for at the time appointed the end shall be.

Daniel 9:21
Yea, whiles I was speaking in prayer, even the man Gabriel, whom I had seen in the vision at the beginning, being caused to fly swiftly, touched me about the time of the evening oblation.









(5)An angel touched him.--The word may signify simply "a messenger," human or super-human; but the context suggests a miraculous ministration of some unearthly food. It is notable that, except as ministers of God in the physical sphere (as in 2Samuel 24:16-17; 2Kings 19:35), the angels, whose appearances are so often recorded in earlier days, hardly appear during the prophetic period, as though the place of their spiritual ministry, as messengers of God, to the people had been supplied by the prophetic mission. Here, and in 2Kings 6:17, the angel is but auxiliary to the prophet, simply ministering to him in time of danger and distress, as the angel of the Agony to the Prophet of prophets.

Verse 5. - And as he lay and slept ["While death was called for, the cousin of death comes unbidden" (Hall)] under a [Heb. one] Juniper tree, behold, then [Heb. זֶה this; "behold here," siehe da, Gesen.], an angel [Heb. messenger; the same word as in ver. 2, but explained in ver. 7 to be a messenger of God. Cf. Genesis 16:9; Genesis 21:17] touched [Heb. touching] him and said unto him, Arise and eat. [Probably he had eaten little or nothing since leaving Jezreel. Food was now what he most needed. This circumstance suggests that the profound depression betrayed in his prayer (ver. 4) was largely the result of physical weakness.]

Parallel Commentaries ...


Hebrew
Then he lay down
וַיִּשְׁכַּב֙ (way·yiš·kaḇ)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's 7901: To lie down

under
תַּ֖חַת (ta·ḥaṯ)
Preposition
Strong's 8478: The bottom, below, in lieu of

the broom tree
רֹ֣תֶם (rō·ṯem)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's 7574: Broom plant, retem

and fell asleep.
וַיִּישַׁ֔ן (way·yî·šan)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's 3462: To be slack, languid, sleep, to grow old, stale, inveterate

Suddenly
וְהִנֵּֽה־ (wə·hin·nêh-)
Conjunctive waw | Interjection
Strong's 2009: Lo! behold!

an angel
מַלְאָךְ֙ (mal·’āḵ)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's 4397: A messenger, of God, an angel

touched
נֹגֵ֣עַ (nō·ḡê·a‘)
Verb - Qal - Participle - masculine singular
Strong's 5060: To touch, lay the hand upon, to reach, violently, to strike

him
בּ֔וֹ (bōw)
Preposition | third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew

and said,
וַיֹּ֥אמֶר (way·yō·mer)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's 559: To utter, say

“Get up
ק֥וּם (qūm)
Verb - Qal - Imperative - masculine singular
Strong's 6965: To arise, stand up, stand

and eat.”
אֱכֽוֹל׃ (’ĕ·ḵō·wl)
Verb - Qal - Imperative - masculine singular
Strong's 398: To eat


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OT History: 1 Kings 19:5 He lay down and slept under (1Ki iKi i Ki 1 Kg 1kg)
1 Kings 19:4
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