Job 39:1
New International Version
"Do you know when the mountain goats give birth? Do you watch when the doe bears her fawn?

New Living Translation
“Do you know when the wild goats give birth? Have you watched as deer are born in the wild?

English Standard Version
“Do you know when the mountain goats give birth? Do you observe the calving of the does?

Berean Study Bible
“Do you know when mountain goats give birth? Have you watched the doe bear her fawn?

King James Bible
Knowest thou the time when the wild goats of the rock bring forth? or canst thou mark when the hinds do calve?

New King James Version
“Do you know the time when the wild mountain goats bear young? Or can you mark when the deer gives birth?

New American Standard Bible
“Do you know the time the mountain goats give birth? Do you observe the calving of the deer?

NASB 1995
"Do you know the time the mountain goats give birth? Do you observe the calving of the deer?

NASB 1977
“Do you know the time the mountain goats give birth? Do you observe the calving of the deer?

Amplified Bible
“Do you know the time when the wild goats of the rock give birth [to their young]? Do you observe the calving of the deer?

Christian Standard Bible
Do you know when mountain goats give birth? Have you watched the deer in labor?

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Do you know when mountain goats give birth? Have you watched the deer in labor?

American Standard Version
Knowest thou the time when the wild goats of the rock bring forth? Or canst thou mark when the hinds do calve?

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
Do you know the time that the wild goats on a cliff bear young, and the bearing of the hinds?

Brenton Septuagint Translation
Say if thou knowest the time of the bringing forth of the wild goats of the rock, and if thou hast marked the calving of the hinds:

Contemporary English Version
When do mountain goats and deer give birth? Have you been there when their young are born? *

Douay-Rheims Bible
Knowest thou the time when the wild goats bring forth among the rocks, or hast thou observed the hinds when they fawn?

English Revised Version
Knowest thou the time when the wild goats of the rock bring forth? or canst thou mark when the hinds do calve?

Good News Translation
Do you know when mountain goats are born? Have you watched wild deer give birth?

GOD'S WORD® Translation
"Do you know the time when the mountain goats give birth? Do you watch the does when they are in labor?

International Standard Version
"Do you know when the mountain goat gives birth? Do you watch the doe as it calves its young?

JPS Tanakh 1917
Knowest thou the time when the wild goats of the rock bring forth? Or canst thou mark when the hinds do calve?

Literal Standard Version
“Have you known the time of "" The bearing of the wild goats of the rock? Do you mark the bringing forth of does?

NET Bible
"Are you acquainted with the way the mountain goats give birth? Do you watch as the wild deer give birth to their young?

New Heart English Bible
"Do you know the time when the mountain goats give birth? Do you watch when the doe bears fawns?

World English Bible
"Do you know the time when the mountain goats give birth? Do you watch when the doe bears fawns?

Young's Literal Translation
Hast thou known the time of The bearing of the wild goats of the rock? The bringing forth of hinds thou dost mark!

Additional Translations ...
Context
God Speaks of His Creation
1“Do you know when mountain goats give birth? Have you watched the doe bear her fawn? 2Can you count the months they are pregnant? Do you know the time they give birth?…

Cross References
Deuteronomy 14:5
the deer, the gazelle, the roe deer, the wild goat, the ibex, the antelope, and the mountain sheep.

1 Samuel 24:2
So Saul took three thousand chosen men from all Israel and went to look for David and his men in the region of the Rocks of the Wild Goats.

Job 39:2
Can you count the months they are pregnant? Do you know the time they give birth?

Psalm 29:9
The voice of the LORD twists the oaks and strips the forests bare. And in His temple all cry, "Glory!"

Psalm 104:18
The high mountains are for the wild goats, the cliffs a refuge for the rock badgers.


Treasury of Scripture

Know you the time when the wild goats of the rock bring forth? or can you mark when the hinds do calve?

the wild

1 Samuel 24:2
Then Saul took three thousand chosen men out of all Israel, and went to seek David and his men upon the rocks of the wild goats.

Psalm 104:18
The high hills are a refuge for the wild goats; and the rocks for the conies.

when

Psalm 29:9
The voice of the LORD maketh the hinds to calve, and discovereth the forests: and in his temple doth every one speak of his glory.

Jeremiah 14:5
Yea, the hind also calved in the field, and forsook it, because there was no grass.









Verses 1-30. - This chapter completes the survey of animate nature begun at Job 38:39. The habits and instincts of the wild goat, the wild ass, and wild cattle are first noticed (vers. 1-12); then a transition is made to the most remarkable of birds, the ostrich (vers. 13-18). Next, the horse is described, and, as it were, depicted, in a passage of extraordinary fire and brilliancy (vers. 19-25). Finally, a return is made to remarkable birds, and the habits of the hawk and eagle obtain mention (vers. 26-30). Throughout, the object is to show the infinite wisdom of God, and the utter incompetence of man to explain the mysteries of nature. Verse 1. - Knowest thou the time when the wild goats of the rock bring forth? The wild goats of Western Asia are of two kinds, the Capra segagrus, and the Asiatic ibex, or Capra Sinaitica. The latter is probably the animal here intended, which is called yael sela, "the wild goat of the rocks," and was known to the Assyrians as ya-e-li. It is an animal with large rough horns curving backwards, closely allied to the steinbock, or bouquetin, of the Swiss and Tyrolian Alps. It is very shy and wild, difficult of approach, and inhabiting only the most rocky and desolate tracts of Syria and Arabia. Representations of the animal, which was hunted by the Assyrian kings, are common upon the Ninevite monuments (see 'Ancient Monarchies,' vol. 2. p. 140. Or canst thou mark when the hinds do calve? "The hinds" here are probably the females of the species of ibex intended. The clause is therefore a mere repetition, in other words, of the preceding one.

Parallel Commentaries ...


Hebrew
Do you know
הֲיָדַ֗עְתָּ (hă·yā·ḏa‘·tā)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - second person masculine singular
Strong's 3045: To know

when
עֵ֭ת (‘êṯ)
Noun - common singular construct
Strong's 6256: Time, now, when

mountain
סָ֑לַע (sā·la‘)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's 5553: A craggy rock

goats
יַעֲלֵי־ (ya·‘ă·lê-)
Noun - masculine plural construct
Strong's 3277: Mountain goat

give birth?
לֶ֣דֶת (le·ḏeṯ)
Verb - Qal - Infinitive construct
Strong's 3205: To bear young, to beget, medically, to act as midwife, to show lineage

Have you watched
תִּשְׁמֹֽר׃ (tiš·mōr)
Verb - Qal - Imperfect - second person masculine singular
Strong's 8104: To hedge about, guard, to protect, attend to

the doe
אַיָּל֣וֹת (’ay·yā·lō·wṯ)
Noun - feminine plural
Strong's 355: A doe, female deer

bear her fawn?
חֹלֵ֖ל (ḥō·lêl)
Verb - Piel - Infinitive construct
Strong's 2342: To twist, whirl, to dance, to writhe in pain, fear, to wait, to pervert


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OT Poetry: Job 39:1 Do you know the time when (Jb)
Job 38:41
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