Nehemiah 9:29
New International Version
“You warned them in order to turn them back to your law, but they became arrogant and disobeyed your commands. They sinned against your ordinances, of which you said, ‘The person who obeys them will live by them.’ Stubbornly they turned their backs on you, became stiff-necked and refused to listen.

New Living Translation
“You warned them to return to your Law, but they became proud and obstinate and disobeyed your commands. They did not follow your regulations, by which people will find life if only they obey. They stubbornly turned their backs on you and refused to listen.

English Standard Version
And you warned them in order to turn them back to your law. Yet they acted presumptuously and did not obey your commandments, but sinned against your rules, which if a person does them, he shall live by them, and they turned a stubborn shoulder and stiffened their neck and would not obey.

Berean Study Bible
You admonished them to turn back to Your law, but they were arrogant and disobeyed Your commandments. They sinned against Your ordinances, by which a man will live if he practices them. They stubbornly shrugged their shoulders; they stiffened their necks and would not obey.

King James Bible
And testifiedst against them, that thou mightest bring them again unto thy law: yet they dealt proudly, and hearkened not unto thy commandments, but sinned against thy judgments, (which if a man do, he shall live in them;) and withdrew the shoulder, and hardened their neck, and would not hear.

New King James Version
And testified against them, That You might bring them back to Your law. Yet they acted proudly, And did not heed Your commandments, But sinned against Your judgments, ‘Which if a man does, he shall live by them.’ And they shrugged their shoulders, Stiffened their necks, And would not hear.

New American Standard Bible
And admonished them in order to turn them back to Your Law. Yet they acted arrogantly and did not listen to Your commandments but sinned against Your ordinances, Which, if a person follows them, then he will live by them. And they turned a stubborn shoulder and stiffened their neck, and would not listen.

NASB 1995
And admonished them in order to turn them back to Your law. Yet they acted arrogantly and did not listen to Your commandments but sinned against Your ordinances, By which if a man observes them he shall live. And they turned a stubborn shoulder and stiffened their neck, and would not listen.

NASB 1977
And admonished them in order to turn them back to Thy law. Yet they acted arrogantly and did not listen to Thy commandments but sinned against Thine ordinances, By which if a man observes them he shall live. And they turned a stubborn shoulder and stiffened their neck, and would not listen.

Amplified Bible
And You admonished them and warned them to turn them back to Your law. Yet they acted presumptuously and arrogantly and did not heed Your commandments, but sinned against Your ordinances, Which by keeping, a man will live. But they turned a stubborn shoulder, stiffened their neck, and would not listen.

Christian Standard Bible
You warned them to turn back to your law, but they acted arrogantly and would not obey your commands. They sinned against your ordinances, which a person will live by if he does them. They stubbornly resisted, stiffened their necks, and would not obey.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
You warned them to turn back to Your law, but they acted arrogantly and would not obey Your commands. They sinned against Your ordinances, which a person will live by if he does them. They stubbornly resisted, stiffened their necks, and would not obey.

American Standard Version
and testifiedst against them, that thou mightest bring them again unto thy law. Yet they dealt proudly, and hearkened not unto thy commandments, but sinned against thine ordinances, (which if a man do, he shall live in them,) and withdrew the shoulder, and hardened their neck, and would not hear.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
And you testified among them to turn them to your Torah, and they did evil and they did not listen to your commandments, and they sinned against your judgments, which if a son of man keeps he shall live by them, and they made for themselves a rebellious shoulder and they hardened their neck and they did not listen.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
And thou didst testify against them, to bring them back to thy law: but they hearkened not, but sinned against thy commandments and thy judgments, which if a man do, he shall live in them; and they turned their back, and hardened their neck, and heard not.

Contemporary English Version
You warned them to turn back and discover true life by obeying your laws. But they stubbornly refused and continued to sin.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And thou didst admonish them to re turn to thy law. But they dealt proudly, and hearkened not to thy commandments, but sinned against thy judgments, which if a man do, he shall live in them: and they withdrew the shoulder, and hardened their neck, and would not hear.

English Revised Version
and testifiedst against them, that thou mightest bring them again unto thy law: yet they dealt proudly, and hearkened not unto thy commandments, but sinned against thy judgments, (which if a man do, he shall live in them,) and withdrew the shoulder, and hardened their neck, and would not hear.

Good News Translation
You warned them to obey your teachings, but in pride they rejected your laws, although keeping your Law is the way to life. Hard-headed and stubborn, they refused to obey.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
You warned them in order to bring them back to your teachings, but they became arrogant and would not obey your commandments. They sinned by not following your regulations. If anyone follows them, he will find life in them. But they gave you the cold shoulder, became impossible to deal with, and wouldn't listen.

International Standard Version
You admonished them to return to your Law, but they acted arrogantly, and would not listen to your commands. They sinned against your regulations, which if anyone obeys, he will live by them. They turned away, being stubborn and stiff-necked, and they did not listen.

JPS Tanakh 1917
and didst forewarn them, that Thou mightest bring them back unto Thy law; yet they dealt proudly, and hearkened not unto Thy commandments, but sinned against Thine ordinances, which if a man do, he shall live by them, and presented a stubborn shoulder, and hardened their neck, and would not hear.

Literal Standard Version
And testify against them, To bring them back to Your law; And they have acted proudly, And have not listened to Your commands, And against Your judgments have sinned—Which man does and has lived in them—And they give a stubborn shoulder, And have hardened their neck, And have not listened.

NET Bible
And you solemnly admonished them in order to return them to your law, but they behaved presumptuously and did not obey your commandments. They sinned against your ordinances--those by which an individual, if he obeys them, will live. They boldly turned from you; they rebelled and did not obey.

New Heart English Bible
and testified against them, that you might bring them again to your law. Yet they dealt proudly, and did not listen to your commandments, but sinned against your ordinances, (which if a man does, he shall live in them), turned their backs, stiffened their neck, and would not hear.

World English Bible
and testified against them, that you might bring them again to your law. Yet they dealt proudly, and didn't listen to your commandments, but sinned against your ordinances, (which if a man does, he shall live in them), turned their backs, stiffened their neck, and would not hear.

Young's Literal Translation
and dost testify against them, to bring them back unto Thy law; and they -- they have acted proudly, and have not hearkened to Thy commands, and against Thy judgments have sinned, -- which man doth and hath lived in them -- and they give a refractory shoulder, and their neck have hardened, and have not hearkened.

Additional Translations ...
Context
The People Confess Their Sins
28But as soon as they had rest, they again did evil in Your sight. So You abandoned them to the hands of their enemies, who had dominion over them. When they cried out to You again, You heard from heaven, and You delivered them many times in Your compassion. 29You admonished them to turn back to Your law, but they were arrogant and disobeyed Your commandments. They sinned against Your ordinances, by which a man will live if he practices them. They stubbornly shrugged their shoulders; they stiffened their necks and would not obey. 30You were patient with them for many years, and Your Spirit admonished them through Your prophets. Yet they would not listen, so You gave them into the hands of the neighboring peoples.…

Cross References
Matthew 19:17
"Why do you ask Me about what is good?" Jesus replied. "There is only One who is good. If you want to enter life, keep the commandments."

Romans 10:5
For concerning the righteousness that is by the law, Moses writes: "The man who does these things will live by them."

Leviticus 18:5
Keep My statutes and My judgments, for the man who does these things will live by them. I am the LORD.

2 Kings 17:13
Yet through all His prophets and seers, the LORD warned Israel and Judah, saying, "Turn from your wicked ways and keep My commandments and statutes, according to the entire Law that I commanded your fathers and delivered to you through My servants the prophets."

2 Chronicles 33:10
And the LORD spoke to Manasseh and his people, but they did not listen.

Nehemiah 9:10
You performed signs and wonders against Pharaoh, all his officials, and all the people of his land, for You knew they had acted with arrogance against our fathers. You made a name for Yourself that endures to this day.

Nehemiah 9:16
But they and our fathers became arrogant and stiff-necked and did not obey Your commandments.


Treasury of Scripture

And testified against them, that you might bring them again to your law: yet they dealt proudly, and listened not to your commandments, but sinned against your judgments, (which if a man do, he shall live in them;) and withdrew the shoulder, and hardened their neck, and would not hear.

testifiedst

Nehemiah 9:26
Nevertheless they were disobedient, and rebelled against thee, and cast thy law behind their backs, and slew thy prophets which testified against them to turn them to thee, and they wrought great provocations.

Deuteronomy 4:26
I call heaven and earth to witness against you this day, that ye shall soon utterly perish from off the land whereunto ye go over Jordan to possess it; ye shall not prolong your days upon it, but shall utterly be destroyed.

Deuteronomy 31:21
And it shall come to pass, when many evils and troubles are befallen them, that this song shall testify against them as a witness; for it shall not be forgotten out of the mouths of their seed: for I know their imagination which they go about, even now, before I have brought them into the land which I sware.

yet they

Nehemiah 9:10,16
And shewedst signs and wonders upon Pharaoh, and on all his servants, and on all the people of his land: for thou knewest that they dealt proudly against them. So didst thou get thee a name, as it is this day…

Exodus 10:3
And Moses and Aaron came in unto Pharaoh, and said unto him, Thus saith the LORD God of the Hebrews, How long wilt thou refuse to humble thyself before me? let my people go, that they may serve me.

Jeremiah 13:15-17
Hear ye, and give ear; be not proud: for the LORD hath spoken…

which

Leviticus 18:5
Ye shall therefore keep my statutes, and my judgments: which if a man do, he shall live in them: I am the LORD.

Ezekiel 20:11
And I gave them my statutes, and shewed them my judgments, which if a man do, he shall even live in them.

Luke 10:28
And he said unto him, Thou hast answered right: this do, and thou shalt live.

withdrew the shoulder.

Zechariah 7:11,12
But they refused to hearken, and pulled away the shoulder, and stopped their ears, that they should not hear…

and hardened.

Jeremiah 7:26
Yet they hearkened not unto me, nor inclined their ear, but hardened their neck: they did worse than their fathers.

Jeremiah 17:23
But they obeyed not, neither inclined their ear, but made their neck stiff, that they might not hear, nor receive instruction.

Jeremiah 19:15
Thus saith the LORD of hosts, the God of Israel; Behold, I will bring upon this city and upon all her towns all the evil that I have pronounced against it, because they have hardened their necks, that they might not hear my words.









Verse 29. - Withdrew the shoulder. Compare Hosea 4:16 ("Israel slideth back as a backsliding heifer") and Zechariah 7:11. The metaphor is taken from the action of a beast of burthen which, when required to draw, shrinks from the yoke and starts back.

Parallel Commentaries ...


Hebrew
You admonished
וַתָּ֨עַד (wat·tā·‘aḏ)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Hifil - Consecutive imperfect - second person masculine singular
Strong's 5749: To duplicate, repeat, to protest, testify, to encompass, restore

them
בָּהֶ֜ם (bā·hem)
Preposition | third person masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew

to turn back
לַהֲשִׁיבָ֣ם (la·hă·šî·ḇām)
Preposition-l | Verb - Hifil - Infinitive construct | third person masculine plural
Strong's 7725: To turn back, in, to retreat, again

to
אֶל־ (’el-)
Preposition
Strong's 413: Near, with, among, to

Your law,
תּוֹרָתֶ֗ךָ (tō·w·rā·ṯe·ḵā)
Noun - feminine singular construct | second person masculine singular
Strong's 8451: Direction, instruction, law

but they
וְהֵ֨מָּה (wə·hêm·māh)
Conjunctive waw | Pronoun - third person masculine plural
Strong's 1992: They

were arrogant
הֵזִ֜ידוּ (hê·zî·ḏū)
Verb - Hifil - Perfect - third person common plural
Strong's 2102: To boil up, seethe, act proudly or presumptuously or rebelliously

and disobeyed
שָׁמְע֤וּ (šā·mə·‘ū)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - third person common plural
Strong's 8085: To hear intelligently

Your commandments.
לְמִצְוֺתֶ֙יךָ֙ (lə·miṣ·wō·ṯe·ḵā)
Preposition-l | Noun - feminine plural construct | second person masculine singular
Strong's 4687: Commandment

They sinned
חָֽטְאוּ־ (ḥā·ṭə·’ū-)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - third person common plural
Strong's 2398: To miss, to sin, to forfeit, lack, expiate, repent, lead astray, condemn

against
בָ֔ם (ḇām)
Preposition | third person masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew

Your ordinances,
וּבְמִשְׁפָּטֶ֣יךָ (ū·ḇə·miš·pā·ṭe·ḵā)
Conjunctive waw, Preposition-b | Noun - masculine plural construct | second person masculine singular
Strong's 4941: A verdict, a sentence, formal decree, divine law, penalty, justice, privilege, style

by which a man
אָדָ֖ם (’ā·ḏām)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's 120: Ruddy, a human being

will live
וְחָיָ֣ה (wə·ḥā·yāh)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Conjunctive perfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's 2421: To live, to revive

if he practices
יַעֲשֶׂ֥ה (ya·‘ă·śeh)
Verb - Qal - Imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's 6213: To do, make

them.
אֲשֶׁר־ (’ă·šer-)
Pronoun - relative
Strong's 834: Who, which, what, that, when, where, how, because, in order that

They stubbornly
סוֹרֶ֔רֶת (sō·w·re·reṯ)
Verb - Qal - Participle - feminine singular
Strong's 5637: To turn away, be refractory

shrugged
וַיִּתְּנ֤וּ (way·yit·tə·nū)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine plural
Strong's 5414: To give, put, set

their shoulders;
כָתֵף֙ (ḵā·ṯêp̄)
Noun - feminine singular
Strong's 3802: The shoulder, side-piece, lateral projection of anything

they stiffened
הִקְשׁ֖וּ (hiq·šū)
Verb - Hifil - Perfect - third person common plural
Strong's 7185: To be hard, severe or fierce

their necks
וְעָרְפָּ֥ם (wə·‘ā·rə·pām)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - masculine singular construct | third person masculine plural
Strong's 6203: The nape, back of the neck, the back

and would not
וְלֹ֥א (wə·lō)
Conjunctive waw | Adverb - Negative particle
Strong's 3808: Not, no

obey.
שָׁמֵֽעוּ׃ (šā·mê·‘ū)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - third person common plural
Strong's 8085: To hear intelligently


Jump to Previous
Admonished Commandments Dealt Hardened Hear Hearkened Judgments Law Mightest Neck Order Ordinances Presented Proudly Shoulder Sinned Stubborn Testified Testifiedst Withdrew
Jump to Next
Admonished Commandments Dealt Hardened Hear Hearkened Judgments Law Mightest Neck Order Ordinances Presented Proudly Shoulder Sinned Stubborn Testified Testifiedst Withdrew
Links
Nehemiah 9:29 NIV
Nehemiah 9:29 NLT
Nehemiah 9:29 ESV
Nehemiah 9:29 NASB
Nehemiah 9:29 KJV

Nehemiah 9:29 BibleApps.com
Nehemiah 9:29 Biblia Paralela
Nehemiah 9:29 Chinese Bible
Nehemiah 9:29 French Bible
Nehemiah 9:29 Clyx Quotations

OT History: Nehemiah 9:29 And testified against them that you might (Neh Ne)
Nehemiah 9:28
Top of Page
Top of Page