Psalm 106:23
New International Version
So he said he would destroy them-- had not Moses, his chosen one, stood in the breach before him to keep his wrath from destroying them.

New Living Translation
So he declared he would destroy them. But Moses, his chosen one, stepped between the LORD and the people. He begged him to turn from his anger and not destroy them.

English Standard Version
Therefore he said he would destroy them— had not Moses, his chosen one, stood in the breach before him, to turn away his wrath from destroying them.

Berean Study Bible
So He said He would destroy them—had not Moses His chosen one stood before Him in the breach to divert His wrath from destroying them.

New American Standard Bible
Therefore He said that He would destroy them, Had not Moses His chosen one stood in the breach before Him, To turn away His wrath from destroying them.

New King James Version
Therefore He said that He would destroy them, Had not Moses His chosen one stood before Him in the breach, To turn away His wrath, lest He destroy them.

King James Bible
Therefore he said that he would destroy them, had not Moses his chosen stood before him in the breach, to turn away his wrath, lest he should destroy them.

Christian Standard Bible
So he said he would have destroyed them--if Moses his chosen one had not stood before him in the breach to turn his wrath away from destroying them.

Contemporary English Version
You were angry and started to destroy them, but Moses, your chosen leader, begged you not to do it.

Good News Translation
When God said that he would destroy his people, his chosen servant, Moses, stood up against God and kept his anger from destroying them.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
So He said He would have destroyed them-- if Moses His chosen one had not stood before Him in the breach to turn His wrath away from destroying them.

International Standard Version
He would have destroyed them but for Moses, his chosen one, who stood in the breach before him to avert his destructive wrath.

NET Bible
He threatened to destroy them, but Moses, his chosen one, interceded with him and turned back his destructive anger.

New Heart English Bible
Therefore he said that he would destroy them, had Moses, his chosen, not stood before him in the breach, to turn away his wrath, so that he wouldn't destroy them.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
And he said that he would destroy them if Moses, his chosen, had not stood in the gap before him.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
God said he was going to destroy them, but Moses, his chosen one, stood in his way to prevent him from exterminating them.

JPS Tanakh 1917
Therefore He said that He would destroy them, Had not Moses His chosen stood before Him in the breach, To turn back His wrath, lest He should destroy them.

New American Standard 1977
Therefore He said that He would destroy them, Had not Moses His chosen one stood in the breach before Him, To turn away His wrath from destroying them.

Jubilee Bible 2000
Therefore he said that he would destroy them, had not Moses his chosen stood before him in the breach, to turn away his wrath lest he should destroy them.

King James 2000 Bible
Therefore he said that he would destroy them, had not Moses his chosen stood before him in the breach, to turn away his wrath, lest he should destroy them.

American King James Version
Therefore he said that he would destroy them, had not Moses his chosen stood before him in the breach, to turn away his wrath, lest he should destroy them.

American Standard Version
Therefore he said that he would destroy them, Had not Moses his chosen stood before him in the breach, To turn away his wrath, lest he should destroy them .

Brenton Septuagint Translation
So he said that he would have destroyed them, had not Moses his chosen stood before him in the breach, to turn him away from the fierceness of his anger, so that he should not destroy them.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And he said that he would destroy them: had not Moses his chosen stood before him in the breach: To turn away his wrath, lest he should destroy them.

Darby Bible Translation
And he said that he would destroy them, had not Moses, his chosen, stood before him in the breach, to turn away his fury, lest he should destroy [them].

English Revised Version
Therefore he said that he would destroy them, had not Moses his chosen stood before him in the breach, to turn away his wrath, lest he should destroy them.

Webster's Bible Translation
Therefore he said that he would destroy them, had not Moses his chosen stood before him in the breach, to turn away his wrath, lest he should destroy them.

World English Bible
Therefore he said that he would destroy them, had Moses, his chosen, not stood before him in the breach, to turn away his wrath, so that he wouldn't destroy them.

Young's Literal Translation
And He saith to destroy them, Unless Moses, His chosen one, Had stood in the breach before Him, To turn back His wrath from destroying.
Study Bible
Give Thanks to the LORD, for He is Good
22wondrous works in the land of Ham, and awesome deeds by the Red Sea. 23So He said He would destroy them— had not Moses His chosen one stood before Him in the breach to divert His wrath from destroying them. 24They despised the pleasant land; they did not believe His promise.…
Cross References
Exodus 32:10
Now leave Me alone, so that My anger may burn against them and consume them. Then I will make you into a great nation."

Exodus 32:11
But Moses entreated the LORD his God, saying, "O LORD, why does Your anger burn against Your people, whom You brought out of the land of Egypt with great power and a mighty hand?

Numbers 14:13
But Moses said to the LORD, "The Egyptians will hear of it, for by Your strength You brought this people from among them.

Deuteronomy 9:14
Let Me alone, so that I may destroy them and blot out their name from under heaven. Then I will make you into a nation mightier and greater than they."

Deuteronomy 9:25
So I fell down before the LORD for forty days and forty nights, because the LORD had said He would destroy you.

Psalm 85:3
You withheld all Your fury; You turned from Your burning anger.

Jeremiah 15:1
Then the LORD said to me: "Even if Moses and Samuel should stand before Me, My heart would not go out to this people. Send them from My presence, and let them go.

Jeremiah 18:20
Should good be repaid with evil? Yet they have dug a pit for me. Remember how I stood before You to speak good on their behalf, to turn Your wrath from them.

Ezekiel 13:5
You did not go up to the gaps or restore the wall around the house of Israel so that it would stand in the battle on the Day of the LORD.

Ezekiel 20:8
But they rebelled against Me and refused to listen. None of them cast away the abominations before their eyes, and they did not forsake the idols of Egypt. So I resolved to pour out My wrath upon them and vent My anger against them in the land of Egypt.

Ezekiel 20:13
Yet the house of Israel rebelled against Me in the wilderness. They did not follow My statutes and they rejected My ordinances--though the man who does these things will live by them--and they utterly profaned My Sabbaths. Then I resolved to pour out My wrath upon them and put an end to them in the wilderness.

Ezekiel 22:30
I searched for a man among them to repair the wall and stand in the gap before Me on behalf of the land, so that I should not destroy it. But I found no one.

Treasury of Scripture

Therefore he said that he would destroy them, had not Moses his chosen stood before him in the breach, to turn away his wrath, lest he should destroy them.

he said

Exodus 32:10,11,32
Now therefore let me alone, that my wrath may wax hot against them, and that I may consume them: and I will make of thee a great nation…

Deuteronomy 9:13,14,19,25
Furthermore the LORD spake unto me, saying, I have seen this people, and, behold, it is a stiffnecked people: …

Deuteronomy 10:10
And I stayed in the mount, according to the first time, forty days and forty nights; and the LORD hearkened unto me at that time also, and the LORD would not destroy thee.

his chosen

Psalm 105:6,26
O ye seed of Abraham his servant, ye children of Jacob his chosen…

Numbers 16:5
And he spake unto Korah and unto all his company, saying, Even to morrow the LORD will shew who are his, and who is holy; and will cause him to come near unto him: even him whom he hath chosen will he cause to come near unto him.

Matthew 12:18
Behold my servant, whom I have chosen; my beloved, in whom my soul is well pleased: I will put my spirit upon him, and he shall shew judgment to the Gentiles.

stood

Exodus 32:14
And the LORD repented of the evil which he thought to do unto his people.

Jeremiah 5:1
Run ye to and fro through the streets of Jerusalem, and see now, and know, and seek in the broad places thereof, if ye can find a man, if there be any that executeth judgment, that seeketh the truth; and I will pardon it.

Ezekiel 13:5
Ye have not gone up into the gaps, neither made up the hedge for the house of Israel to stand in the battle in the day of the LORD.







Lexicon
So He said
וַיֹּ֗אמֶר (way·yō·mer)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 559: To utter, say

He would destroy them—
לְֽהַשְׁמִ֫ידָ֥ם (lə·haš·mî·ḏām)
Preposition-l | Verb - Hifil - Infinitive construct | third person masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 8045: To be exterminated or destroyed

had not
לוּלֵ֡י (lū·lê)
Conjunction
Strong's Hebrew 3884: If not, unless

Moses
מֹ֘שֶׁ֤ה (mō·šeh)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 4872: Moses -- a great Israelite leader, prophet and lawgiver

His chosen one
בְחִיר֗וֹ (ḇə·ḥî·rōw)
Adjective - masculine singular construct | third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 972: Select

stood
עָמַ֣ד (‘ā·maḏ)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 5975: To stand, in various relations

before Him
לְפָנָ֑יו (lə·p̄ā·nāw)
Preposition-l | Noun - common plural construct | third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 6440: The face

in the breach
בַּפֶּ֣רֶץ (bap·pe·reṣ)
Preposition-b, Article | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 6556: A bursting forth, breach

to divert
לְהָשִׁ֥יב (lə·hā·šîḇ)
Preposition-l | Verb - Hifil - Infinitive construct
Strong's Hebrew 7725: To turn back, in, to retreat, again

His wrath
חֲ֝מָת֗וֹ (ḥă·mā·ṯōw)
Noun - feminine singular construct | third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 2534: Heat, anger, poison

from destroying them.
מֵֽהַשְׁחִֽית׃ (mê·haš·ḥîṯ)
Preposition-m | Verb - Hifil - Infinitive construct
Strong's Hebrew 7843: Perhaps to go to ruin
(23) Stood before him in the breach . . .--This is generally explained after Ezekiel 22:30, where undoubtedly it is an image taken from the defence of a besieged town. (Comp. Ezekiel 13:5.) But it is possible that we should render, "Had not Moses stood before him (i.e., submissively; see Genesis 41:46; Deuteronomy 1:38) in the breaking forth (of his anger)," since the verb from which the substantive here used comes is the one employed (Exodus 19:22), "lest the Lord break forth upon them." So the LXX. seem to have understood the passage, since they render here by the same word, which in Psalm 106:30 does duty for "plague." (Comp. Vulg., refractio.)

Verse 23. - Therefore he said that he would destroy them; literally, and he said. On the apostasy at Sinai, God expressed to Moses an intention to destroy the entire people of Israel, save only himself, and to "make of him a great nation" (Exodus 32:10; comp. Deuteronomy 9:14, 25). Had not Moses his chosen steed before him in the breach. Moses was "chosen" by God to lead the Israelites out of Egypt (Exodus 3:10), and forced to accept the office (Exodus 4:1-17). When Israel angered God at Sinai, he "stood in the gap," like a brave soldier guarding his city when the enemy has breached the wall (Exodus 32:11-13, 31-34). To turn away his wrath, lest he should destroy them. God was ready to have destroyed all Israel, and to have raised up a new Israel out of the descendants of Moses, had not Moses pleaded with extreme earnestness on the people's behalf (Exodus 32:32). 106:13-33 Those that will not wait for God's counsel, shall justly be given up to their own hearts' lusts, to walk in their own counsels. An undue desire, even for lawful things, becomes sinful. God showed his displeasure for this. He filled them with uneasiness of mind, terror of conscience, and self-reproach. Many that fare deliciously every day, and whose bodies are healthful, have leanness in their souls: no love to God, no thankfulness, no appetite for the Bread of life, and then the soul must be lean. Those wretchedly forget themselves, that feast their bodies and starve their souls. Even the true believer will see abundant cause to say, It is of the Lord's mercies that I am not consumed. Often have we set up idols in our hearts, cleaved to some forbidden object; so that if a greater than Moses had not stood to turn away the anger of the Lord, we should have been destroyed. If God dealt severely with Moses for unadvised words, what do those deserve who speak many proud and wicked words? It is just in God to remove those relations that are blessings to us, when we are peevish and provoking to them, and grieve their spirits.
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Alphabetical: away before breach chosen destroy destroying from had he him his in keep Moses not one said So stood that the them Therefore to turn would wrath

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