Ezekiel 31:4
New International Version
The waters nourished it, deep springs made it grow tall; their streams flowed all around its base and sent their channels to all the trees of the field.

New Living Translation
Deep springs watered it and helped it to grow tall and luxuriant. The water flowed around it like a river, streaming to all the trees nearby.

English Standard Version
The waters nourished it; the deep made it grow tall, making its rivers flow around the place of its planting, sending forth its streams to all the trees of the field.

Berean Study Bible
The waters made it grow; the deep springs made it tall, directing their streams all around its base and sending their channels to all the trees of the field.

King James Bible
The waters made him great, the deep set him up on high with her rivers running round about his plants, and sent out her little rivers unto all the trees of the field.

New King James Version
The waters made it grow; Underground waters gave it height, With their rivers running around the place where it was planted, And sent out rivulets to all the trees of the field.

New American Standard Bible
‘The waters made it grow, the deep made it high. With its rivers it continually extended all around its planting place, And sent out its channels to all the trees of the field.

NASB 1995
‘The waters made it grow, the deep made it high. With its rivers it continually extended all around its planting place, And sent out its channels to all the trees of the field.

NASB 1977
‘The waters made it grow, the deep made it high. With its rivers it continually extended all around its planting place, And it sent out its channels to all the trees of the field.

Amplified Bible
‘The waters nourished it, the deep [underground waters] made it grow tall. Its rivers ran all around the place where it was planted, Sending out its streams to all the trees (other nations) of the field.

Christian Standard Bible
The waters caused it to grow; the underground springs made it tall, directing their rivers all around the place where the tree was planted and sending their channels to all the trees of the field.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
The waters caused it to grow; the underground springs made it tall, directing their rivers all around the place where the tree was planted and sending their channels to all the trees of the field.

American Standard Version
The waters nourished it, the deep made it to grow: the rivers thereof ran round about its plantation; and it sent out its channels unto all the trees of the field.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
The waters grew it and the depths raised it, and because rivers went around his plants and his branches, he arose above all the trees of the wilderness

Brenton Septuagint Translation
The water nourished him, the depth made him grow tall; she led her rivers round about his plants, and she sent forth her streams to all the trees of the field.

Contemporary English Version
This tree had plenty of water to help it grow tall, and nearby streams watered the other trees in the forest.

Douay-Rheims Bible
The waters nourished him, the deep set him up on high, the streams thereof ran round about his roots, and it sent forth its rivulets to all the trees of the country.

English Revised Version
The waters nourished him, the deep made him to grow: her rivers ran round about her plantation; and she sent out her channels unto all the trees of the field.

Good News Translation
There was water to make it grow, And underground rivers to feed it. They watered the place where the tree was growing And sent streams to all the trees of the forest.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Water made the tree grow, and underground springs made it tall. Rivers flowed around the place where the tree was planted. Streams ran beside all the other trees around it.

International Standard Version
Abundant water made it great, Subterranean rivers made it grow. Rivers surrounded the area where it had been planted, and water channels nourished all the trees in the fields.

JPS Tanakh 1917
The waters nourished it, The deep made it to grow; Her rivers ran round About her plantation, And she sent out her conduits Unto all the trees of the field.

Literal Standard Version
Waters have made it great, The deep has exalted him with its flowings, Going around its planting, And it has sent forth its conduits to all trees of the field.

NET Bible
The water made it grow; underground springs made it grow tall. Rivers flowed all around the place it was planted, while smaller channels watered all the trees of the field.

New Heart English Bible
The waters nourished it, the deep made it to grow: its rivers ran all around its plantation; and it sent out its channels to all the trees of the field.

World English Bible
The waters nourished it, the deep made it to grow: its rivers ran all around its plantation; and it sent out its channels to all the trees of the field.

Young's Literal Translation
Waters have made it great, The deep hath exalted him with its flowings, Going round about its planting, And its conduits it hath sent forth unto all trees of the field.

Additional Translations ...
Context
Egypt will Fall Like Assyria
3Look at Assyria, a cedar in Lebanon, with beautiful branches that shaded the forest. It towered on high; its top was among the clouds. 4The waters made it grow; the deep springs made it tall, directing their streams all around its base and sending their channels to all the trees of the field. 5Therefore it towered higher than all the trees of the field. Its branches multiplied, and its boughs grew long as it spread them out because of the abundant waters.…

Cross References
Revelation 17:1
Then one of the seven angels with the seven bowls came and said to me, "Come, I will show you the punishment of the great prostitute, who sits on many waters.

Revelation 17:15
Then the angel said to me, "The waters you saw, where the prostitute was seated, are peoples and multitudes and nations and tongues.

Ezekiel 17:5
He took some of the seed of the land and planted it in fertile soil; he placed it by abundant waters and set it out like a willow.

Ezekiel 17:7
But there was another great eagle with great wings and many feathers. And behold, this vine bent its roots toward him. It stretched out its branches to him from its planting bed, so that he might water it.

Ezekiel 17:8
It had been planted in good soil by abundant waters in order to yield branches and bear fruit and become a splendid vine.'


Treasury of Scripture

The waters made him great, the deep set him up on high with her rivers running round about his plants, and sent her little rivers to all the trees of the field.

waters

Ezekiel 17:5,8
He took also of the seed of the land, and planted it in a fruitful field; he placed it by great waters, and set it as a willow tree…

Proverbs 14:28
In the multitude of people is the king's honour: but in the want of people is the destruction of the prince.

Jeremiah 51:36
Therefore thus saith the LORD; Behold, I will plead thy cause, and take vengeance for thee; and I will dry up her sea, and make her springs dry.

made him great.









(4) His plants.--Should rather be, his plantation.

Sent out her little rivers.--The thought is that the various surrounding and subordinate nations were nourished from the great stream of prosperity which swelled the power and wealth of Assyria.

Verse 4. - The waters made him great. The scenery is hardly that of Lebanon, but finds its counterpart in that of the Nile, perhaps also of the Tigris, with the waters of the river diverted into streams and channels by a careful system of irrigation. The cedar grew close to the river itself; the other trees of the field were watered only by the smaller channels, and so were inferior to it in the fullness of their growth. (For the general imagery, comp. Ezekiel 17:5; Psalm 1:3; Jeremiah 17:8; Numbers 24:6.)

Parallel Commentaries ...


Hebrew
The waters
מַ֣יִם (ma·yim)
Noun - masculine plural
Strong's 4325: Water, juice, urine, semen

made it grow;
גִּדְּל֔וּהוּ (gid·də·lū·hū)
Verb - Piel - Perfect - third person common plural | third person masculine singular
Strong's 1431: To grow up, become great

the deep springs
תְּה֖וֹם (tə·hō·wm)
Noun - common singular
Strong's 8415: An abyss, the deep

made it tall,
רֹֽמְמָ֑תְהוּ (rō·mə·mā·ṯə·hū)
Verb - Piel - Perfect - third person feminine singular | third person masculine singular
Strong's 7311: To be high actively, to rise, raise

directing
הֹלֵךְ֙ (hō·lêḵ)
Verb - Qal - Participle - masculine singular
Strong's 1980: To go, come, walk

their streams
נַהֲרֹתֶ֗יהָ (na·hă·rō·ṯe·hā)
Noun - masculine plural construct | third person feminine singular
Strong's 5104: A stream, prosperity

all around
סְבִיב֣וֹת (sə·ḇî·ḇō·wṯ)
Adverb
Strong's 5439: A circle, neighbour, environs, around

its base
מַטָּעָ֔הּ (maṭ·ṭā·‘āh)
Noun - masculine singular construct | third person feminine singular
Strong's 4302: Something planted, the place, the thing, the act, planting

and sending
שִׁלְחָ֔ה (šil·ḥāh)
Verb - Piel - Perfect - third person feminine singular
Strong's 7971: To send away, for, out

their channels
תְּעָלֹתֶ֣יהָ (tə·‘ā·lō·ṯe·hā)
Noun - feminine plural construct | third person feminine singular
Strong's 8585: A channel, a bandage, plaster

to
אֶ֖ל (’el)
Preposition
Strong's 413: Near, with, among, to

all
כָּל־ (kāl-)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's 3605: The whole, all, any, every

the trees
עֲצֵ֥י (‘ă·ṣê)
Noun - masculine plural construct
Strong's 6086: Tree, trees, wood

of the field.
הַשָּׂדֶֽה׃ (haś·śā·ḏeh)
Article | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's 7704: Field, land


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Channels Continually Deep Exalted Extended Field Flow Flowed Flowings Forest Forth Great Grow High Little Making Nourished Plantation Planted Planting Plants Ran Rivers Rivulets Round Running Sending Springs Streams Strength Tall Trees Waters Waterways
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Channels Continually Deep Exalted Extended Field Flow Flowed Flowings Forest Forth Great Grow High Little Making Nourished Plantation Planted Planting Plants Ran Rivers Rivulets Round Running Sending Springs Streams Strength Tall Trees Waters Waterways
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OT Prophets: Ezekiel 31:4 The waters nourished it the deep made (Ezek. Eze Ezk)
Ezekiel 31:3
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