Ezekiel 37:11
New International Version
Then he said to me: "Son of man, these bones are the people of Israel. They say, 'Our bones are dried up and our hope is gone; we are cut off.'

New Living Translation
Then he said to me, “Son of man, these bones represent the people of Israel. They are saying, ‘We have become old, dry bones—all hope is gone. Our nation is finished.’

English Standard Version
Then he said to me, “Son of man, these bones are the whole house of Israel. Behold, they say, ‘Our bones are dried up, and our hope is lost; we are indeed cut off.’

Berean Study Bible
Then He said to me, “Son of man, these bones are the whole house of Israel. Look, they are saying, ‘Our bones are dried up, and our hope has perished; we are cut off.’

New American Standard Bible
Then He said to me, "Son of man, these bones are the whole house of Israel; behold, they say, 'Our bones are dried up and our hope has perished. We are completely cut off.'

King James Bible
Then he said unto me, Son of man, these bones are the whole house of Israel: behold, they say, Our bones are dried, and our hope is lost: we are cut off for our parts.

Christian Standard Bible
Then he said to me, "Son of man, these bones are the whole house of Israel. Look how they say, 'Our bones are dried up, and our hope has perished; we are cut off.'

Contemporary English Version
The LORD said: Ezekiel, the people of Israel are like dead bones. They complain that they are dried up and that they have no hope for the future.

Good News Translation
God said to me, "Mortal man, the people of Israel are like these bones. They say that they are dried up, without any hope and with no future.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Then He said to me, "Son of man, these bones are the whole house of Israel. Look how they say, 'Our bones are dried up, and our hope has perished; we are cut off.'

International Standard Version
"These bones represent the entire house of Israel," the LORD explained to me. "Look how they keep saying, 'Our bones are dried up, and our future is lost. We've been completely eliminated!'

NET Bible
Then he said to me, "Son of man, these bones are all the house of Israel. Look, they are saying, 'Our bones are dry, our hope has perished; we are cut off.'

New Heart English Bible
Then he said to me, "Son of man, these bones are the whole house of Israel: look, they say, 'Our bones are dried up, and our hope is lost; we are completely cut off.'

GOD'S WORD® Translation
The LORD also said to me, "Son of man, all the people of Israel are like these bones. The people say, 'Our bones are dry, and our hope has vanished. We are completely destroyed.'

JPS Tanakh 1917
Then He said unto me: 'Son of man, these bones are the whole house of Israel; behold, they say: Our bones are dried up, and our hope is lost; we are clean cut off.

New American Standard 1977
Then He said to me, “Son of man, these bones are the whole house of Israel; behold, they say, ‘Our bones are dried up, and our hope has perished. We are completely cut off.’

Jubilee Bible 2000
Then he said unto me, Son of man, all these bones are the house of Israel; behold, they say, Our bones have dried, and our hope is lost, and in ourselves we are totally cut off.

King James 2000 Bible
Then he said unto me, Son of man, these bones are the whole house of Israel: behold, they say, Our bones are dried, and our hope is lost: we are cut off on our part.

American King James Version
Then he said to me, Son of man, these bones are the whole house of Israel: behold, they say, Our bones are dried, and our hope is lost: we are cut off for our parts.

American Standard Version
Then he said unto me, Son of man, these bones are the whole house of Israel: behold, they say, Our bones are dried up, and our hope is lost; we are clean cut off.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
And the Lord spoke to me, saying, Son of man, these bones are the whole house of Israel: and they say, Our bones are become dry, our hope has perished, we are quite spent.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And he said to me: Son of man: All these bones are the house of Israel : they say: Our bones are dried up, and our hope is lost, and we are cut off.

Darby Bible Translation
And he said unto me, Son of man, these bones are the whole house of Israel. Behold, they say, Our bones are dried, and our hope is lost: we are cut off!

English Revised Version
Then he said unto me, Son of man, these bones are the whole house of Israel: behold, they say, Our bones are dried up, and our hope is lost; we are clean cut off.

Webster's Bible Translation
Then he said to me, Son of man, these bones are the whole house of Israel: behold, they say, Our bones are dried, and our hope is lost: we are cut off for our parts.

World English Bible
Then he said to me, Son of man, these bones are the whole house of Israel: behold, they say, Our bones are dried up, and our hope is lost; we are clean cut off.

Young's Literal Translation
And He saith unto me, 'Son of man, these bones are the whole house of Israel; lo, they are saying: Dried up have our bones, And perished hath our hope, We have been cut off by ourselves.
Study Bible
The Valley of Dry Bones
10So I prophesied as He had commanded me, and the breath entered them, and they came to life and stood on their feet—a vast army. 11Then He said to me, “Son of man, these bones are the whole house of Israel. Look, they are saying, ‘Our bones are dried up, and our hope has perished; we are cut off.’ 12Therefore prophesy and tell them that this is what the Lord GOD says: ‘O My people, I will open your graves and bring you up from them, and I will bring you back to the land of Israel.…
Cross References
Psalm 88:5
I am forsaken among the dead, like the slain who lie in the grave, whom You remember no more, who are cut off from Your care.

Psalm 88:16
Your wrath has swept over me; Your terrors have destroyed me.

Psalm 141:7
As when one plows and breaks up the soil, so our bones have been scattered at the mouth of Sheol.

Jeremiah 32:43
And fields will be bought in this land about which you are saying, 'It is a desolation, without man or beast; it has been handed over to the Chaldeans.'

Jeremiah 33:24
"Have you not noticed what these people are saying: 'The LORD has rejected the two families He had chosen'? So they despise My people and no longer regard them as a nation.

Lamentations 3:18
So I say, "My strength has perished along with my hope from the LORD."

Lamentations 3:54
The waters flowed over my head, and I thought I was going to die.

Ezekiel 33:10
Now as for you, son of man, tell the house of Israel that this is what they have said: 'Our transgressions and our sins are heavy upon us, and we are wasting away because of them! How can we live?'

Ezekiel 36:10
I will multiply the people upon you with the whole house of Israel in its entirety. The cities will be inhabited and the ruins rebuilt.

Ezekiel 39:25
Therefore this is what the Lord GOD says: 'Now I will restore Jacob from captivity and will have compassion on the whole house of Israel, and I will be jealous for My holy name.

Treasury of Scripture

Then he said to me, Son of man, these bones are the whole house of Israel: behold, they say, Our bones are dried, and our hope is lost: we are cut off for our parts.

whole house

Ezekiel 37:16,19
Moreover, thou son of man, take thee one stick, and write upon it, For Judah, and for the children of Israel his companions: then take another stick, and write upon it, For Joseph, the stick of Ephraim, and for all the house of Israel his companions: …

Ezekiel 36:10
And I will multiply men upon you, all the house of Israel, even all of it: and the cities shall be inhabited, and the wastes shall be builded:

Ezekiel 39:25
Therefore thus saith the Lord GOD; Now will I bring again the captivity of Jacob, and have mercy upon the whole house of Israel, and will be jealous for my holy name;

Our bones

Ezekiel 37:1-8
The hand of the LORD was upon me, and carried me out in the spirit of the LORD, and set me down in the midst of the valley which was full of bones, …

Numbers 17:12,13
And the children of Israel spake unto Moses, saying, Behold, we die, we perish, we all perish…

Psalm 77:7-9
Will the Lord cast off for ever? and will he be favourable no more? …







Lexicon
Then He said
וַיֹּאמֶר֮ (way·yō·mer)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 559: To utter, say

to me,
אֵלַי֒ (’ê·lay)
Preposition | first person common singular
Strong's Hebrew 413: Near, with, among, to

“Son
בֶּן־ (ben-)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 1121: A son

of man,
אָדָ֕ם (’ā·ḏām)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 120: Ruddy, a human being

these
הָאֵ֔לֶּה (hā·’êl·leh)
Article | Pronoun - common plural
Strong's Hebrew 428: These, those

bones
הָעֲצָמ֣וֹת (hā·‘ă·ṣā·mō·wṯ)
Article | Noun - feminine plural
Strong's Hebrew 6106: A bone, the body, the substance, selfsame

are the whole
כָּל־ (kāl-)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 3605: The whole, all, any, every

house
בֵּ֥ית (bêṯ)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 1004: A house

of Israel.
יִשְׂרָאֵ֖ל (yiś·rā·’êl)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3478: Israel -- 'God strives', another name of Jacob and his desc

Look,
הִנֵּ֣ה (hin·nêh)
Interjection
Strong's Hebrew 2009: Lo! behold!

they
הֵ֑מָּה (hêm·māh)
Pronoun - third person masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 1992: They

are saying,
אֹמְרִ֗ים (’ō·mə·rîm)
Verb - Qal - Participle - masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 559: To utter, say

‘Our bones
עַצְמוֹתֵ֛ינוּ (‘aṣ·mō·w·ṯê·nū)
Noun - feminine plural construct | first person common plural
Strong's Hebrew 6106: A bone, the body, the substance, selfsame

are dried up,
יָבְשׁ֧וּ (yā·ḇə·šū)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - third person common plural
Strong's Hebrew 3001: To be ashamed, confused, disappointed, to dry up, wither

and our hope
תִקְוָתֵ֖נוּ (ṯiq·wā·ṯê·nū)
Noun - feminine singular construct | first person common plural
Strong's Hebrew 8615: A cord, expectancy

has perished;
וְאָבְדָ֥ה (wə·’ā·ḇə·ḏāh)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Conjunctive perfect - third person feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 6: To wander away, lose oneself, to perish

we are cut off.’
נִגְזַ֥רְנוּ (niḡ·zar·nū)
Verb - Nifal - Perfect - first person common plural
Strong's Hebrew 1504: To cut down, off, to destroy, divide, exclude, decide
(11) Are the whole house of Israel.--This Divine interpretation of the vision leaves no doubt of its meaning. Whatever other sense might possibly be attached to its language, there can be no uncertainty as to that which the Spirit intended. The last clause of the verse, "cut off for our parts," is obscure in the English, but in the original is simply for us--i.e., "as for us, we are cut off."

Verses 11-14 contain, according to most commentators, the Divine interpretation of the vision, Kliefoth alone contending that they furnish, not so much an exposition of the vision - which, he thinks, must be explained independently, and which he regards as teaching the future resurrection of God's people - as an application to Israel's ease of the doctrine contained in the vision. Verse 11. - These bones are the whole house of Israel. On the principle that "God is his own best interpreter," it should not be difficult to see that, whatever foreshadowings of the final resurrection of the just may be contained in the vision, its primary intention was to depict the political and national restoration of Israel (Ephraim and Judah) whose condition at the time the field of withered bones appropriately represented. That Hitzig errs in supposing the "bones" alluded to in this verse symbolized the portions of Ephraim and Judah then dead, instead of the portions still living (in exile), who considered themselves as practically dead, is apparent from the words that follow. Behold, they say. The complaint was manifestly taken from the popular sayings current among the people of the exile. Broken up, dispersed, expatriated, and despairing, the members of what had once been "the whole house of Israel" felt there was no hope more of recovering national life and unity. The cheerless character of the outlook they expressed by saying, Our bones (not the bones of the dead, but of the living) are dried - meaning, "The vital force of our nation is gone" (the bones being regarded in Scripture as the seat of the vital force comp. Psalm 32:3) - our hope is lost - our hope, i.e., of ever again returning to our own land or regaining national existence - and we are out off for our parts; literally, we are cut off for ourselves; which Gesenius explains to mean, "We are lost," taking סעךתתסאנוךלפ סעשׁלתאד א סא לָנוּ; Hitzig, "We are reduced to ourselves;" Delitzsch and Keil, "We are cut off from the land of the living," i.e. it is all over with us; Hengstenberg, "We are cut off - a sad fact for us;" Revised Version, "We are clean cut off;" any one of which renders the force of the words (scrap. Lamentations 3:54). 37:1-14 No created power could restore human bones to life. God alone could cause them to live. Skin and flesh covered them, and the wind was then told to blow upon these bodies; and they were restored to life. The wind was an emblem of the Spirit of God, and represented his quickening powers. The vision was to encourage the desponding Jews; to predict both their restoration after the captivity, and also their recovery from their present and long-continued dispersion. It was also a clear intimation of the resurrection of the dead; and it represents the power and grace of God, in the conversion of the most hopeless sinners to himself. Let us look to Him who will at last open our graves, and bring us forth to judgment, that He may now deliver us from sin, and put his Spirit within us, and keep us by his power, through faith, unto salvation.
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